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Measurement - The Metric System - Easy Conversions 1
Distance is measured in meters.

Measurement - The Metric System - Easy Conversions 1

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As you know, everything in life involves math in one form or another. Growing up in the United States, you have been taught the American or English system of math. However, most of the rest of the world does not use this system. Rather, they use the metric system.

You may not even realize it but you have already been exposed to the metric system. Pick up any can of vegetables or a bag of cookies and you will notice two different measurement amounts listed. You will see ounces or pounds and you will also see grams. When you buy soda, do you buy a pint of soda or a half gallon or soda or a gallon of soda? No, you buy soda in liters. Grams and liters are part of the metric system.

The metric system is really a very easy system to learn. It is easy because it works in base 10 conversions. This is true for each type of measurement such as for length or distance, known as meters, mass or weight, known as grams, and volume, known as liters. However, to be able to convert in the system, you do need to memorize the order of the system. To help you with that, memorize the following little phrase.

Have a look at the phrase and further explanation in purple below before tackling the questions.

1.
1,000 g = ___ kg
1
100
1,000
10,000
As we are starting at the base unit of 1,000 grams, which is also understood to be 1,000.0, and we are moving up the metric list, we need to move the decimal point one space to the left for each space between the base unit and the kilogram. As there are three spaces the decimal point moves three spaces to the left turning 1,000.0 to 1.0. So, 1,000 grams (g) equals 1 kilogram (kg). Answer (a) is the correct answer
2.
1 cm = ___ mm
.01
.1
10
100
As we are moving down the metric list we will be adding zeroes “0”. There is one space between centimeters and millimeters so 1 centimeter (cm) equals 10 millimeters (mm). Answer (c) is the correct answer
3.
6 hl = ___ dl
600
6,000
6
.006
As we are moving down the metric list we will be adding zeroes “0”. There are three spaces between hectoliters and deciliters so 6 hectoliters (hl) equals 6,000 deciliters (dl). Answer (b) is the correct answer
4.
12 m = ___ dam
.12
120
1,200
1.2
As we are moving up from the base unit of 12 meters, it is understood that 12 meters is the same as 12.0. Moving up we must move the decimal point over one space to the left for each space we go up the metric list. The decameter is one space up from the meter so 12.0 becomes 1.2. 12 meters (m) equals 1.2 decameters (dam). Answer (d) is the correct answer
5.
8 l = ___ kl
0.08
0.008
800
8,000
As we are moving up from the base unit of 8 liters, it is understood that 8 liters is the same as 8.0. Moving up we must move the decimal point over one space to the left for each space we go up the metric list. The kiloliter is three spaces up from the liter so 8.0 becomes 0.008. 8 liters (l) equals 0.008 kiloliters (kl). (Remember the “0” before the decimal point represents the base unit.) Answer (b) is the correct answer
6.
120 m = ___ mm
120,000
12,000
1,200
1.2
As we are moving down the metric list we will be adding zeroes “0”. There are three spaces between meter and millimeters so 120 meters (m) equals 120,000 millimeters (mm). Answer (a) is the correct answer
7.
25 g = ___ dg
25,000
2,500
250
2.5
As we are moving down the metric list we will be adding zeroes “0”. There is one space between grams and decigrams so 25 grams (g) equals 250 decigrams (dg). Answer (c) is the correct answer
8.
7 kg = ___ g
.007
70
700
7,000
As we are moving down the metric list we will be adding zeroes “0”. There are three spaces between kilograms and grams so 7 kilograms (kg) equals 7,000 grams (g). Answer (d) is the correct answer
9.
94 cm = ___ dam
.94
0.094
9.4
940
As we are moving up the metric list we will be adding zeroes “0” to the left of the base number “94”. Remember, when counting the spaces up you place a decimal point in place of the last “0” and then place the last zero to the left of the decimal point to represent the base unit. So there are three spaces starting from 94.0 which then becomes .094 and then you add the final zero to the left of the decimal to get 0.094. So, 94 centimeters (cm) equals 0.094 decameters (dam). Answer (b) is the correct answer
10.
19 hg = ___ dg
190
1,900
19,000
190,000
As we are moving down the metric list we will be adding zeroes “0”. There are three space between hectograms and decigrams so 19 hectograms (hg) equals 19,000 decigrams (dg). Answer (c) is the correct answer
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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