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Animal Cells
The largest cell can be found in a giraffe’s neck.

Animal Cells

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All living organisms are made up of microscopic cells and all cells come from pre-existing cells through a process of cell division. A cell is the smallest unit of life that is capable of performing functions. Both animals and plants have a variety of cells although the cells in animals and plants can vary slightly but for the most part, they are the same. Inside each cell are chromosomes which contain the cell’s genetic information. Animal cells, because they do not have a wall, are more dynamic in their shapes though most are circular in nature. The largest cell can be found in a giraffe’s neck.

1.
This is a cell’s control system.
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Organelles
Cytoplasm
The nucleus is the very center of the cell and acts as the brain of the cell or the control center. Answer (b) is correct
2.
The process of cell division is known as ____.
mitosis
vacuole
microtubule
Golgi
The process of a cell dividing within itself is known as mitosis. Answer (a) is correct
3.
These are small organelles composed of RNA, which is a rich cytoplasm granule, that are involved in protein synthesis.
Vacuole
Centrosome
Endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosome
Small organelles composed of RNA involved in protein synthesis are known as ribosome. Answer (d) is correct
4.
This is a jellylike matter that is found outside the nucleus of a cell and in which organelles are located.
Centrosome
Cytoplasm
Ribosome
Endoplasmic reticulum
The jellylike matter that is found outside of the nucleus of a cell is known as the cytoplasm. Answer (b) is correct
5.
This synthesizes proteins and is responsible for manufacturing most of the membranes of the cells, as well as lipids.
Adenosine triphosphate
Endoplasmic reticulum
Chloroplasts
Microtubules
The endoplasmic reticulum synthesizes proteins and is responsible for manufacturing most of the membranes of the cells, as well as lipids. Answer (b) is correct
6.
These are spherical to rod-shaped organelles that have a double membrane.
Mitochondrion
Endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosome
Centrosome
Spherical to rod-shaped organelles that have a double membrane are known as mitochondria (plural of mitochondrion). Answer (a) is correct
7.
Most animal cells are ______ in nature.
spiral
oval
circular
pancake layered
Animal cells, because they do not have a wall, are more dynamic in their shapes though most are circular in nature. Answer (c) is correct
8.
This is a very thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the outside of the cell.
Ribosome
Mitochondrion
Endoplasmic reticulum
Cell membrane
The very thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the outside of the cell is the cell membrane. Answer (d) is correct
9.
This is the smallest unit of life that is capable of performing functions.
Organelle
Lipid
Cell
Chromosome
The smallest unit of life that is capable of performing functions is the cell. Answer (c) is correct
10.
This serves to interface between the interior of the cell and the exterior fluid that bathes the cell.
Cell membrane
Vacuole
Plasma membrane
ATP
The plasma membrane interfaces between the interior of a cell and the exterior fluid that bathes the cell. Answer (c) is correct
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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