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Basic Anatomy - The Respiratory System

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Basic Anatomy - The Respiratory System

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A person who studies the respiratory system is known as a pulmonologist. The respiratory system (sometimes referred to as the ventilatory system) is a biological process in which the body is able to take oxygen into the body and then expel carbon dioxide. However, like just about every other part of our anatomy that we take for granted, we take our respiratory system for granted. That is until we get a cold or get out of breath from over exertion. At that point it becomes very important to us as we begin to feel the effects of not having the system running smoothly.

1.
The respiratory system is sometimes referred to as the ___________.
pulmonary system
ventilatory system
airways
COPD
The respiratory system is sometimes referred to as the ventilatory system. Answer (b) is correct
2.
A person who studies the respiratory system is known as a __________.
biologist
therapist
pulmonologist
epiglottis
A person who studies the respiratory system is known as a pulmonologist. Answer (c) is correct
3.
Newborn babies take how many breaths per minute?
30-60
12-20
20-30
65-85
Newborn babies take anywhere from 30-60 breaths per minute. Answer (a) is correct
4.
This is when the alveoli sacs in the lungs are destroyed, causing shortness of breath as the lungs cannot take in sufficient oxygen.
Emphysema
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Asthma
Lung cancer
Emphysema is when the alveoli sacs in the lungs are destroyed, causing shortness of breath as the lungs cannot take in sufficient oxygen. Answer (a) is correct
5.
The voice box is also known as the _________.
esophagus
bronchi
larynx
epiglottis
The voice box is also known as the larynx. Answer (c) is correct
6.
These are tiny sacs found in the lungs.
Alveoli
Epithelial cells
Epiglottis
Pulmonary capillaries
Alveoli are tiny sacs found in the lungs. Answer (a) is correct
7.
This respiratory disease is caused by inflammation of the mucus membrane.
Emphysema
Asthma
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Bronchitis
Bronchitis is a respiratory disease caused by inflammation of the mucus membrane in the bronchi. Answer (d) is correct
8.
This is located at the bottom of the lungs and is dome-shaped. It controls the actual process of breathing.
Pulmonary capillaries
Bronchi
Diaphragm
Epithelial cells
The diaphragm is located at the bottom of the lungs and is dome-shaped. It controls the actual process of breathing. Answer (c) is correct
9.
Which of the following is NOT part of the respiratory system?
Trachea
Lungs
Diaphragm
Aorta
The trachea, lungs and diaphragm are all parts of the respiratory system whereas the aorta is part of the heart. Answer (d) is correct
10.
This is more commonly known as the windpipe.
Bronchi
Trachea
Epiglottis
Diaphragm
The trachea is more commonly known as the windpipe. Answer (b) is correct
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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