This Science quiz is called 'Earth Science - The Study of Caves and Cave Formations' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at middle school. Playing educational quizzes is a fabulous way to learn if you are in the 6th, 7th or 8th grade - aged 11 to 14.
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Here we get to a really fun part of science. That is the study of caves and the rock formations that are found there.
To begin with, a cave (or a cavern) is simply a hollow place in the ground. Caves form through geological processes, such as weathering, and can vary drastically in size and are mostly made up of limestone. Limestone is a sedimentary rock. It is mostly composed of minerals, calcite and aragonite.
The science that involves the studying of caves, as well as exploring caves, is known as speleology. For those who simply like to explore caves as a fun recreation, they are often referred to as being cavers, spelunkers or potholers.
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