Health - Emergency Preparedness
In an emergency, you must remain calm and call 911.

Health - Emergency Preparedness

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Any medical emergency that is not treated immediately could result in permanent disability or even death of the victim. If you are untrained in first aid, you must remain calm and call 911. However, if you are trained, remember that once you begin administering it, you must continue until professional help arrives. If the victim is conscious, always ask for their permission to help them. If the victim is unconscious, first aid may be given without consent, however, DO NOT move the victim unless their life is in danger where they are (for example, in the middle of a street).

Steps to administer first aid:

There are 3 basic first aid steps that are known as the “CCC” or:

  1. Check (the victim and your surroundings)
  2. Call (for help)
  3. Care (for the victim)

First check your victim and your surroundings, then send someone to get help if there is someone else around. If no one is around, SHOUT for help to have someone come so you can have them get help. Next, check on your victim to see what their condition is. This is known as the ABCs of care or: (1) airway, (2) breathing, and (3) circulation (or pulse).

Check the victim’s airway. Is the victim breathing? Then check their pulse (their blood circulation) to see if there is a pulse. Also check for severe bleeding. Remember, it is best never to MOVE a victim if at all possible.

Once you have checked the victim’s airway, breathing, pulse and for any severe bleeding, check to see if the victim has a medical alert tag on his neck or wrist. This could give you information on how to treat the victim. Also, be sure to monitor the victim’s vital signs. If the victim is not breathing, you may have to do rescue breathing.

Rescue Breathing

  1. Open the airway
  2. Look, listen and feel for signs of breathing
  3. Pinch nostrils closed and give 2 slow breaths, pausing between each breath
  4. Check carotid artery (in neck) for pulse
  5. Give 1 slow breath about every 5 seconds
  6. Recheck pulse and breathing every minute

Often times when a medical emergency occurs, people tend to go into panic mode – not knowing what to do. If you practice the above-steps, memorize and then go over them time and time again, when an emergency occurs you can take charge until a medical professional arrives. Many schools also provide a First Aid Training Course. That course will help you to put all of these steps into practice. But even becoming familiar with the steps will make those around you safer should anything happen as you will become their lifeline.

Besides learning the above emergency procedures, there are a number of terms you should also become familiar with. Below are just a few.

Hopefully you will never be called upon to render first aid but if you are, let’s see what you can remember that will aide you and your patient.

1.
Rescue breathing includes ______.
arching the chin forward
inserting your fingers into the victim's mouth
pounding on the victim's chest
pinching the nostrils closed and giving 2 slow breaths, pausing between each breath
Rescue breathing includes pinching the nostrils closed and giving 2 slow breaths, pausing between each breath. Answer (d) is correct
2.
There are 3 basic first aid steps that are known as the ______.
check, listen and breathe
listen, call and yell
first respondents
CCC
There are 3 basic first aid steps that are known as the “CCC” (check, call, care). Answer (d) is correct
3.
These are a person’s pulse rate, breathing rate and skin appearance.
CCC
Vital signs
Emergency signs
Circulation
Vital signs are a person’s pulse rate, breathing rate and skin appearance. Answer (b) is correct
4.
This is a technique that combines rescue breathing with check compressions to keep oxygen-rich blood circulating in the brain and heart.
MRI
Two small puffs followed by one long puff
CPR
CCC
CPR, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is a technique that combines rescue breathing with check compressions to keep oxygen-rich blood circulating in the brain and heart. Answer (c) is correct
5.
Which of the following is not part of the ABCs of care?
breathing
bleeding
circulation
airway
The ABCs of care include checking the (1) airway, (2) breathing, and (3) circulation (or pulse). It does not include checking for bleeding although that is definitely part of rendering first aid. Answer (b) is correct
6.
Once you have checked the victim’s airway, breathing, pulse and for any severe bleeding, check to see if the victim has _____________.
a wallet to identify them
a medical insurance card
a medical alert tag
any broken bones
Once you have checked the victim’s airway, breathing, pulse and for any severe bleeding, check to see if the victim has a medical alert tag. Answer (c) is correct
7.
This is when the body temperature drops well below normal because of too much exposure to cold.
Hypothermia
Hyperventilation
Frostbite
Convulsion
Hypothermia is when the body temperature drops well below normal because of too much exposure to cold. Answer (a) is correct
8.
It is best never to ______ a victim if at all possible.
move
yell at
perform CPR on
report the degree of injury to
It is best never to MOVE a victim if at all possible. Answer (a) is correct
9.
This is when the bone is broken and protrudes through the skin.
Complete fracture
Incomplete fracture
Closed fracture
Open fracture
An open fracture is when the bone is broken and protrudes through the skin. Answer (d) is correct
10.
This is a device that applies a brief electrical shock to the heart to jolt it back to beating normally.
Ventilator
Distributor
Defibrillator
MRI
A defibrillator is a device that applies a brief electrical shock to the heart to jolt it back to beating normally. Answer (c) is correct
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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