Solar System 1
Which planet has a red spot on it?

Solar System 1

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The Solar System consists of the Sun and various objects that orbit around it. The Earth’s Solar System consists of eight planets, some dwarf planets (Pluto is not a planet - it is the largest dwarf planet), comets and asteroids.

1.
Which planet has a red spot on it?
Jupiter
Neptune
Mars
Mercury
The red spot is a huge, long-lasting storm that has been raging on Jupiter for at least 400 years. The spot is now shrinking and will continue to shrink until at least the year 2040. From then, much uncertainty still exists
2.
The planets travel around the sun in this kind of orbit.
Elliptical
Circular
Elongated
Counterclockwise
The planets travel in a rather oval shape or in an elliptical orbit
3.
These two planets are very similar in mass and size.
Saturn and Uranus
Venus and Mars
Earth and Mars
Earth and Venus
The two planets similar in size, surface composition, and atmosphere with a complex weather system are often referred to as twins. This planet is often the brightest seen in the night sky. We are talking about Venus. Venus is, however, closer to the sun and her surface temperature can get as high as 470°C. This makes it clearly uninhabitable for man
4.
Small to large pieces of rocks moving through space that enter the Earth’s atmosphere and burn up are called …
asteroids
comets
meteors
cosmic dust
Asteroids are minor planetoids or celestial bodies that orbit the Sun. Comets are small icy bodies. Cosmic dust is a substance made up of small grains of materials and aggregates. Meteors are small and large rocks that travel through space and can enter the Earth’s atmosphere
5.
These are frozen gases and dust with a bright burning tail.
Meteors
Asteroids
Comets
Sun bursts
One of the most famous ones we know of is named Halley. Of course, we are talking about comets
6.
This planet is small and icy. It is a 'dwarf' planet. Today, many scientists question whether it should even be classified as a planet. Which planet is it?
Mercury
Pluto
Venus
Neptune
For decades this was known as the ninth planet from the sun. Scientists now debate whether or not it really is a planet at all. To most, Pluto will always remain the ninth planet, although we now refer to it as a 'dwarf' planet
7.
A meteor that hits the Earth’s surface is called a ...
comet
meteorite
asteroid
meteoroid
Meteors are large rocks that travel through space. Once a portion of a meteor enters into the Earth’s atmosphere it begins to burn up, decreasing the size of the meteor. By the time the remains reach the Earth’s surface, they are smaller and are referred to as meteorites
8.
Our solar system is located in which galaxy?
Orion's Belt
Andromeda
Milky Way
Whirlpool
The name was not derived from a famous candy bar. Rather the candy bar was named after the galaxy the Milky Way
9.
The study of the solar system is called …
cosmology
astrology
planetology
astronomy
The study of the stars and celestial bodies (Sun, moons, planets, nebulae, galaxies, etc.) is known as astronomy. The other sciences are more specifically oriented
10.
Starting at the sun and moving outward, what is the correct order of the planets in our Solar System?
Sun = Earth, Venus, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Uranus, Jupiter, Pluto, Saturn
Sun = Neptune, Uranus, Jupiter, Pluto, Saturn, Venus, Mars, Mercury, Earth
Sun = Mars, Venus, Earth, Mercury, Saturn, Jupiter, Neptune, Uranus, Pluto
Sun = Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto
A fun way to remember this is to think of the saying: 'Mother’s vegetables every Monday, just sun Pluto'. It doesn’t make much sense but the first letter of each word in this sentence will give you a hint of the name of the planet. The word 'sun' gives you three planets in a row
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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