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Grammar - Conjugating Irregular Verbs
They have released a new single. How do we write 'they have' in Spanish?

Grammar - Conjugating Irregular Verbs

This Spanish Easy Review grammar quiz takes a look at conjugating irregular verbs. At this point in time you should have learned that there are three different kinds of Spanish verbs, ar, er and ir verbs. You should have also learned how to conjugate each type of verb in the present tense. If you have not already done so, please check out the quizzes on conjugating these three types of verbs.

The ar, er and ir verbs follow specific rules when it comes to conjugating them. As you may recall, the endings for ar verbs include o, as, a, amos, áis, an - the er verb endings include o, es, e, emos, éis, en - and the ir present tense verbs end in o, es, e, imos, ís, en.

we go
nosotras vamos
vosotros vais
vosotras váis
nosotros vamos
The pronoun of 'we' is given here. It is not known, however, whether 'we' means all boys or all girls or a mixture of both so the rule states that when you do not know, you always choose the masculine form of the pronoun. This means you can eliminate the first and third answers as they both show the feminine form of a pronoun. The third answer shows the incorrect spelling for the verb ending as there is no accent mark used in conjugating the present tense of the verb 'ir'. The Spanish masculine pronoun form for 'we' is 'nosotros' and to say 'we go' is 'vamos'.
you make (girls in cooking class)
ustedes hacen
ellas hacen
nosotras hacemos
vosotras hacéis
First determine what the correct pronoun form for 'you' is needed here. As the hint is girls in cooking class, this tells you two things. First, that it refers to plural people and, second, that those people are all girls. The Spanish plural formal pronoun form for 'you' is 'ustedes'. This means that the second, third and last answers can now be eliminated. To then say 'you make' in Spanish you would say 'ustedes hacen'.
they go
nosotros van
ellas van
ustedes van
ellos van
Taking a look at the pronoun first, you are looking for the Spanish pronoun for 'they'. 'Nosotros' means 'we' and 'ustedes' means 'you' so you quickly can determine that neither the first nor the third answer is correct. In addition, the conjugated verb in the first answer is not showing the correct verb ending. Both the second and last answers read as 'they go'. The second answer is feminine and the last answer is masculine. As you do not know whether 'they' refers to all boys, all girls or a mixture of both, you always choose the masculine form of the pronoun. Therefore, to say 'they go' in Spanish you would say 'ellos van'.
I see
tú ves
yo veo
yo voy
él ve
Looking at the pronoun of 'I' you know that the Spanish version for that pronoun is 'yo'. Now you can quickly eliminate the first and last answers. The verb 'voy' is Spanish for 'I go' and not for 'I see'. That leaves the second answer which shows the correct pronoun and conjugated verb for 'I see', i.e., 'yo veo'.
you have (sisters)
usted tiene
ustedes tienen
vosotras tenéis
tú tienes
The pronoun you are looking at here is 'you' which refers to the sisters. As they are sisters, they are familiar people. Therefore, you will need to use the plural, familiar form of the pronoun for 'you'. In Spanish, the plural, familiar pronoun for 'you' is 'vosotras'. Notice that it is in the feminine form. This means that the first, second and last answers can be eliminated.
you make (relatives)
vosotros hacéis
nosotros hacemos
vosotras hacéis
ustedes hacen
Looking at the pronoun 'you', you can see that it refers to relatives who are familiar people. We do not know if the relatives are all boys, all girls or a mixture so you use the masculine, plural form of 'you'. In Spanish, the masculine, plural familiar form of 'you' is 'vosotros'. This means that 'you make' is 'vosotros hacéis' in Spanish.
they have (boy rock band)
ustedes tenemos
ellos tienen
ellas tienen
ellos tenen
Looking at the pronoun you have 'they' and 'they' refers to an all boy rock band. The masculine Spanish pronoun for 'they' is 'ellos' which means that the first and third answers can be eliminated. The first answer also shows the improper conjugated form for they have. It shows the conjugated form for we have. The last answer does show the proper masculine subject for they, i.e., ellos, but it has misspelled the conjugated verb for they have. The verb in the last answer is missing an 'i'. Therefore, in order to say 'they have' in Spanish you would say 'ellos tienen'.
she sees
ella vee
él ve
ella ve
él vee
The pronoun here is 'she' and in Spanish that is translated as 'ella'. This means you can eliminate the second and last answers quickly. You then must understand how to conjugate the verb 'ver'. After dropping the 'er' ending and adding the appropriate 'er' present tense verb ending, the Spanish verb for 'she seeks' is 've'. The verb only has one 'e'.
he has
ellos tiene
él tiene
ella tiene
yo tengo
The first thing to do is determine the correct Spanish pronoun for 'he'. That would then be 'él'. You can now eliminate the first answer as it shows the subject pronoun form for they and not he. The third answer shows the subject pronoun form for she and the last answer shows the subject pronoun form and conjugated verb form for I have. Neither of these are correct. However, the second answer does show the translation for 'he has' as being 'él tiene'.
you go (bus driver)
él va
tú vas
ustedes van
usted va
The first thing to do is to determine the correct pronoun. Here it is 'you' and 'you' refers to a bus driver which is a singular person. In addition, it is a formal person so you need to use the singular, formal pronoun form for 'you'. In Spanish that is 'usted'. Now you can eliminate the first, second and third answers as the correct Spanish translation is 'usted va'.
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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