In this fifth and final article of this section of our exam illustrations, we shall be looking at Complete the Series questions whose progression is based on movement.
These can be quite tricky to solve, but you’ll be pleased to hear, that they are much simpler than the question we faced in our last article!
Just the same as in other Complete the Series questions, candidates are shown a series of shapes, one of which is missing. They are also shown a few other shapes, one of which will fit into the blank space to complete the series in a logical manner.
This time the way the series progression has been worked out is by the movement of shapes. Let’s show you an example question:
Pick one of the five boxes on the right to fit in the blank box and complete the series on the left.
As this is a movement-based question, we are looking for different objects moving in different planes. Once you break it down it becomes easier, so look at each section separately and discount the wrong answers. Your thought process may run along the following lines:
Because we are looking at an empty box on the left, it is much easier to work from right to left. That’s the way we’ll talk about it.
The flag shape (remember, encourage your child to name every object to improve speed) moves in the vertical plane.
The flag goes up in each consecutive box until it reaches the top, then it starts from the bottom once again. That means that in the empty box we need a flag shape at the top. You (or your child) should now be crossing through the letter ‘c’.
That leaves us with four to choose from, so let’s get to the other element of the puzzle, the circle. I’ve looked at the flag shape initially and the circle secondly purely because the flag is bigger – it’s irrelevant which your child does as long as they are systematic and don’t end up confusing themselves.
The circles switch sides each box. Working from the right, the circle goes left-middle, right-bottom, left-middle, right-top, (?).
The empty box must have the circle on the left (so cross out letter ‘b’) and, unlike the flag, when it reaches the top it seems to ‘bounce’ back via the middle. This can be checked by watching it move from the left-hand boxes towards the right. So, we’re looking for the circle to be in the middle, so cross out ‘d’.
We are left with ‘a’ and ‘e’ which are identical in all but one way – of course ‘a’ has got a thick black line around the flag so is wrong – the answer is the more regularly-drawn box ‘e’. The reason for box ‘a’ being there is to catch people out; if a trick like this is being used it will often be in the first or second box as that will be spotted by a child who is rushing.
Normally the non-verbal reasoning is completed under serious time pressure. Skim reading of questions can cause problems such as the trick in the example above. However, as you’re not always allowed to go back to sections of the paper, it’s crazy to leave anything unanswered.
Your child should be aware of the time limit and the number of questions they have to answer – exams vary, and you need to make sure you tell them what to expect. Thirty seconds per question is quite normal and as they sometimes get tougher through the section, time will soon vanish. Your child must learn when to go into ‘skim’ mode and guess from the reasonable answers to each question. Any questions that they have not got any handle on inside thirty seconds should be left and choices made at the end from however many remaining possibilities are left.
That doesn’t mean thirty seconds maximum per question; if your child is working their way through and getting it right, keep going – one question right is better than four total guesses in a five-choice multiple choice section.
So that completes this section on Progression. You now know everything you need to guide your child through this part of the exam. Now it’s time to show them what you have learnt.
We have 7 Complete the Series quizzes on the Education Quizzes site. Work through each of them in turn with your child. You may find that they have a natural talent for answering these kinds of question. If not, then show them the techniques we have taught you here. With practise, they’ll come to find completing a series comes as second nature.
For your convenience, here are links to each one of the quizzes.
So, now you have completed the first section of our exam illustrations, what’s up next? In the next section we shall be looking at another type of progression, 4-square and 9-square matrices. “What are they?” I hear you ask. Fear not – all will be explained in the next lesson – see you there.