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Grammar 06 - Tenses - Present Progressive (Continuous)
"You are not wearing that dirty shirt to the office!" - This sentence is in the present continuous tense.

Grammar 06 - Tenses - Present Progressive (Continuous)

This High English quiz on tenses focusses on the present continuous tense. The present continuous tense uses the verb TO BE and the '__ING' form of another verb. The form basically comprises two parts: BE (AM, ARE and IS) and a verb ending in '__ING'. For instance: ‘She is dancing’ is a sentence following the form just described using the verb TO BE (IS) and '____ING' (DANCING).

The use of the present continuous tense is to describe actions that are taking place now, but have begun before now and will continue for a short while after now. Usually, you add a component of time, such as ‘now’ or ‘at the moment’, to make it more clear, as in the sentence ‘they are singing now.’

The present continuous tense is also used when the time duration is longer but the action is still temporary and in the future. For instance, ‘the band is playing in Bangalore this month’ implies that the band may play elsewhere in another month. In this tense form future action should be planned or intended. For instance, you cannot say ‘he is dying tomorrow.’

There are certain verbs, predominantly of emotion, that are not used in the continuous form. For instance, the sentence ‘my son loves to paint’ is the correct form and not ‘my son is loving to paint.’ However, there are certain verbs that have different meanings for the same verb. For instance, ‘I am feeling nauseous’ is acceptable whereas ‘I am feeling we will lose’ is not acceptable.

There is a saying, ‘practice makes perfect’ and the quiz that follows will help you to practice the art of using the present continuous tense.

1.
"Hurry up! We __________ late for school."
"Just a second, please! I ________."
Fill up the blanks by choosing the appropriate present continuous forms.
are getting, am coming
are getting, are coming
is getting, am coming
are getting, is coming
The present continuous form uses the variation of 'be' and since 'We' is the subject in the first sentence 'are' is to be used. 'I' is the subject in the second sentence so 'am' is used. The base verbs are 'get' and 'come' whose present continuous forms are 'getting' and 'coming.' The other options have one wrong answer each. Do you know which one?
2.
"I _________ a novel these days."
Fill up the blank by choosing the appropriate present continuous form.
writes
am writing
are writing
writing
The present continuous form uses the variation of 'be' and since 'I' is the subject 'am' is to be used. The base verb is 'write' and its present continuous form is 'writing.' Option 1 has the present form, option 3 is for plural and option 4 is without the variation of 'be'
3.
"I ________ a lot these days."
Fill up the blank by choosing the appropriate present continuous form.
are eating
is eating
eating
am eating
The present continuous form uses the variation of 'be' and since 'I' is the subject 'am' is to be used. The base verb is 'eat' and its present continuous form is 'eating.' Option 4 is without the variation of 'be.' Options 1 and 2 have the wrong usage of the variation of 'be'
4.
"You ______________ this dirty shirt to the office. Wait, I will give you another."
Fill up the blank by choosing the appropriate present continuous form.
not wear
are not wear
are not wearing
is not wearing
Remember that sentences can be affirmative, negative and interrogative. Here the use of 'not' indicates a negative sentence. All the other elements remain the same. The present continuous form uses the variation of 'be' and since 'I' is the subject 'is' is to be used. The base verb is 'wear' whose present continuous form is 'wearing.' The other options are unacceptable
5.
"Hurry up! We __________ late for school."
Fill up the blank by choosing the appropriate present continuous form.
getting
is getting
are getting
am getting
The present continuous form uses the variation of 'be' and since 'We' is the subject 'are' is to be used. The base verb is 'get' and its present continuous form is 'getting.' Option 1 is without the variation of 'be.' Options 2 and 4 have the wrong usage of the variation of 'be'
6.
"The Prime Minister _________ for China on a 5 day state visit."
Fill up the blank by choosing the appropriate present continuous form.
leaved
leaves
are leaving
is leaving
The present continuous form uses the variation of 'be' and since 'Prime Minister' is in singular 'is' is to be used. The base verb is 'leave' and its present continuous form is 'leaving.' Options 2 and 3 have the wrong usage and word in option 1 does not exist
7.
"Temperatures _________ all over the world."
Fill up the blank by choosing the appropriate present continuous form.
are rising
is rising
rises
rised
The present continuous form uses the variation of 'be' and since 'temperatures' is in plural form 'are' is to be used. The base verb is 'rise' and its present continuous form is 'rising.' Options 2 and 3 have the wrong usage and the word in option 4 does not exist
8.
"____________ me for the movie tonight?"
Fill up the blank by choosing the appropriate present continuous form.
is you joining
are you joining
am you joining
are we joining
This is an interrogative sentence and hence the subject (you) comes between 'are' and 'joining' and the sentence ends with a question mark. Other options do not use the appropriate present continuous tense
9.
Choose the incorrect use of the present continuous form from the following options.
I am thinking you are new to this place.
Mustaq is not taking the test today.
Arpana is applying make-up to her face.
We are visiting Bangalore next month.
Remember that 'thinking' is an emotion and it is one of the words that is not used in the continuous tense. The other options all use present continuous tense correctly
10.
"_____________________ his credentials unfairly?"
Fill up the blank by choosing the appropriate present continuous form.
Am they not questioning
Is they not questioning
Are they not question
Are they not questioning
This is an interrogative and a negative sentence and hence the subject (they) comes in between 'are' and 'questioning' with 'not' preceding the main verb. The other options do not use the appropriate present continuous tense
Author:  V T Narendra

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