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Grammar 10 - Tenses - Future Time Reference
"They will be playing a hockey match next Friday." - This sentence is in the future continuous tense.

Grammar 10 - Tenses - Future Time Reference

In the previous quizzes we have studied past tenses and present tenses. In this High English quiz we look at the different future tense forms - simple, perfect and continuous.

When we talk about the past or the present we are able to describe actions that have happened or that have happened in the past and are continuing now and may continue into the future. It is easier to talk about the past as there is certainty about the events that have taken place. Events in the present are a continuation of the events that have happened in the past and there is some order of certainty about them as well. However, when it comes to talking about the future there is no certainty but only probabilities or possibilities, depending on what we may think is likely to happen or what we plan or intend to do in the future.

In describing events of the future we use the simple future tense or different forms of the tense, such as future perfect tense and future perfect continuous tense. The simple future tense uses words such as will/shall. More specifically, in describing an action the word will/shall is used between the subject and the first form of the verb. Take a look at these three examples:

‘I SHALL SEE the Salman Khan movie tomorrow.’
‘I shall be seeing the Salman Khan movie.’
‘I shall have seen the Salman Khan movie by tomorrow.’

The first of these sentences is in the simple future tense, the second is in the future continuous tense and the third is in the future perfect tense. Notice the different forms of the verb TO SEE. In all the cases the negative sentences can also be formed by using the word ‘not’ after ‘will/shall.’ Also, interrogative sentences are possible by placing the ‘will/shall’ before the subject.

We may note the differences in the time elements in respect of the different tense forms. In simple future tense we express an action/event likely to happen in the future. In future continuous tense we express an action/event likely to happen in the normal course or at some time in the future. In future perfect tense we express an action/event likely to happen by a certain time in the future. Take the quiz that follows and learn more about future tense forms.

1.
Choose the sentence with the future continuous form.
The mother is weaning the baby.
The fast moving car has skidded off the race track.
The truck had come to a grinding halt.
Will you be taking part in the debate?
This is a future continuous form which is formed by 'will/shall' with 'be' and a verb with an '___ing' ending. Also, the sentence is an interrogative sentence. Option 1 is in present perfect continuous form. Option 2 is in the present perfect form. Option 3 is in past perfect form
2.
Choose the sentence with the future continuous form.
The aircraft carrier is leaving for the Indian Ocean today.
The aircraft carrier will be leaving for the Indian Ocean today.
The aircraft carrier has left for the Indian Ocean today.
The aircraft carrier had left for the Indian Ocean today.
Remember 'will' is used for future tense along with the continuous form of the verb (leave). Option 1 is in present perfect continuous form. Option 3 is in the present perfect form. Option 4 is in past perfect form
3.
"______________ in Bangalore when I arrive there tomorrow?"
Fill up the blank to express future continuous form, choosing from the following options.
will it be raining
will it rain
will it have rained
shall it be raining
This is an interrogative sentence in future continuous form which is formed by 'will/shall' with 'be' and a verb with an '___ing' ending. Option 2 is simple future form. Option 3 is future perfect form. In Option 4, 'shall' is used which is normally used with pronouns of first person (I and we)
4.
"I __________________ my exercises before sunrise."
Fill up the blank to express future perfect form, choosing from the following options.
will have performed
shall be performing
shall have performed
shall perform
Remember that future perfect form is formed by using 'will/shall' with 'have' and the past participle of a verb. In Option 1, 'will' is used which is normally used with pronouns of second person (you) and third person (it, he, they and she). Option 2 is future continuous form. Option 4 is simple future form
5.
"They _____________ a hockey match on Friday."
Fill up the blank to express future continuous form, choosing from the following options.
will play
will be playing
will have played
shall be playing
This is a future continuous form which is formed by 'will/shall' with 'be' and a verb with an '___ing' ending. Option 1 is simple future form. Option 3 is future perfect form. In option 4, 'shall' is used which is normally used with pronouns of first person (I and we)
6.
"We _________________ you to the circus."
Fill up the blank to express simple future form, choosing from the following options.
will not accompany
shall not be accompanying
shall have not accompanied
shall not accompany
This is a negative sentence in simple future form using 'shall/will' with not and a verb. In option 1, 'will' is used which is normally used with pronouns of second person (you) and third person (it, he, they and she). Option 2 is a negative sentence in future continuous form. Option 3 is a negative sentence in future perfect form
7.
Choose the sentence with the future perfect form.
The plane will have left by the time you reach the airport.
The plane had left by the time you reached the airport.
The plane has left the airport.
The plane is taking off from the airport.
Remember in future perfect tense form we use 'will/shall' with 'have' and the past participle of a verb.' Option 2 is in past perfect and simple past form. Option 3 is in present perfect form. Option 4 is in present perfect continuous form
8.
"They will not fly to Ahmedabad today."
Choose the tense form of the sentence from the options.
Present perfect tense.
Future perfect tense.
Simple future tense.
Future continuous tense.
Remember 'will' is used in future tense. For present tense we do not use 'will.' For future perfect form 'have/has' is to be used. For future continuous form 'will/shall' with 'be' and a verb with an '---ing' ending is to be used
9.
"She will have covered half of her journey by Monday next."
Choose the tense form of the sentence from the following options.
Future perfect tense.
Future continuous tense.
Simple future tense.
Present continuous tense.
This is a future perfect form which is formed by using 'will/shall with 'have' and the past participle of a verb
10.
"The new edition of the book will be coming out shortly."
Choose the tense form of the sentence from the options.
Present continuous tense.
Simple future tense.
Future perfect tense.
Future continuous tense.
This is a future continuous form which is formed by 'will/shall' with 'be' and a verb with an '___ing' ending
Author:  V T Narendra

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