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Grammar 23 - Connectors - Adding Information
"Wildlife sanctuaries are homes for tigers. Furthermore, they preserve endangered species." - Here, FURTHERMORE is a connector.

Grammar 23 - Connectors - Adding Information

Continuing our series on connectors, this High English grammar quiz is all about connectors that add information.

We recall words such as ‘and,’ ‘as well as’ and ‘also’ which are used to add information already given in a sentence. However, English grammar uses basic sentences, which are either simple sentences or compound sentences. In order to ensure continuity of thought we employ connectors that are different from the ones that are used in single sentences. We have many words that are used in connecting large phrases or sentences. Here are just a few:

In addition
Additionally
Moreover
Furthermore

Take a look at this sentence:

‘That dog is too big for us, and MOREOVER, it’s too expensive.’

Here the word in capitals is the connector, and it tells us that additional information is being given - how expensive the dog is - besides the size of the dog. Here's another example:

‘Vegetables contain lots of vitamins. IN ADDITION, they are rich sources of iron.’

Again, the word in capitals connects the two sentences and tells us that additional information on the properties of vegetables is being given. We also notice in the above example that the connector is linking two sentences of equal position and the role of such connectors is to either provide additional information or add to the information already provided. There are other words that can also be used as connectors for providing additional information and they are:

Too
Also
Besides that
And
As well
Not only… but also

However, we must remember that each of these connectors can be used in a special position and it is not sacrosanct that its position is always fixed. For instance, in the vegetable example above the sentence could read as:

‘Vegetables contain lots of vitamins. They are rich sources of iron AS WELL.’

Sometimes the sentences can be combined into a single sentence. The same vegetable example could read as:

‘Vegetables NOT ONLY contain lots of vitamins, BUT ALSO they are rich sources of iron.’

In the quiz that follows we shall see how connectors that add information are used properly in English grammar.

1.
Choose the pair of sentences with the correct connector.
Living in a big city provides good educational opportunities. It offers ample job opportunities, too.
Living in a big city provides good educational opportunities. Also, it offers ample job opportunities.
Living in a big city provides good educational opportunities. But also it offers ample job opportunities.
Both options 1 and 2 above are correct but option 3 is wrong.
The connector used in option 3 is inappropriate for the type of construction the sentence has
2.
"The stadium on Avenue Road in Bangalore is the best place to play games. It has several play areas for different games ______."
Fill up the blank to complete the sentence choosing the correct connector from the following.
not only ... but also
as well
furthermore
moreover
The role of the connector is to give additional information on the facilities available at the stadium. The connectors in the other options are appropriate, as they are also connectors for providing additional information, but they are not the ones to be used in a sentence that is structured the way it is in the question
3.
Choose the sentence or sentences with the correct connector.
Our grandmother is an extremely fascinating person. Besides that, she gives us some great anecdotes.
Our grandmother is an extremely fascinating person, and she gives us some great anecdotes.
Our grandmother is not only an extremely fascinating person but also gives us some great anecdotes.
All of the above are correct.
All the sentences use an appropriate connector for providing additional information and are also used correctly in their respective places in the sentences
4.
"Deforestation leads to drought. It leads to global warming."
Which of the following uses a suitable connector to link the two sentences?
Deforestation leads to drought. Moreover, it leads to global warming also.
Deforestation leads to drought. Nevertheless, it leads to global warming.
Deforestation leads to drought. In other words, it leads to global warming.
Deforestation leads to drought. Moreover, it leads to global warming.
The use of the connector adds an additional piece of information - that deforestation leads to global warming - besides it leading to drought. In option 1 two connectors are used which is incorrect. The connectors in the other options give the wrong meaning
5.
"Prakrith and family had a horrible time on their holiday. The weather was very warm; _______, the air was humid."
Fill up the blank to complete the sentence, choosing the correct connector from the following.
moreover
consequently
for instance
on the contrary
The role of the connector is to give additional information to strengthen the reason why the holiday was horrible. The connectors in the other options are not appropriate
6.
Choose the sentence or sentences with the incorrect connector.
During his spare time, Joseph plays the violin; in addition, he practices the piano.
During his spare time, Joseph plays the violin, and he practices the piano.
During his spare time, Joseph plays the violin. He also practices the piano.
During his spare time, Joseph plays the violin; in addition, he practices the piano as well.
The sentence has two connectors - 'in addition' and 'as well' - and it is incorrect to use two connectors in the same sentence for the same additional information
7.
"Indian Wildlife sanctuaries are home to rhinos, tigers and lions. These preserve endangered species."
Which of the following uses a suitable connector to link the two sentences?
Indian Wildlife sanctuaries are home to rhinos, tigers and lions. Furthermore, these preserve endangered species.
Indian Wildlife sanctuaries are home to rhinos, tigers and lions. On the other hand, these preserve endangered species.
Indian Wildlife sanctuaries are home to rhinos, tigers and lions. For instance, these preserve endangered species.
Indian Wildlife sanctuaries are home to rhinos, tigers and lions. On the contrary, these preserve endangered species.
The use of the connector adds an additional piece of information - that Indian Wildlife sanctuaries preserve endangered species - besides their being home to animals. The connectors in the other options are incorrect
8.
"Dr Raj Kumar, the Kannada matinee idol, was a great actor. He was a great singer."
Which of the following uses a suitable connector to link the two sentences?
Dr Raj Kumar, the Kannada matinee idol, was a great actor. As well, he was a great singer.
Dr Raj Kumar, the Kannada matinee idol, was a great actor. In addition, he was a great singer.
Dr Raj Kumar, the Kannada matinee idol, was a great actor. I'm afraid, he was a great singer.
Dr Raj Kumar, the Kannada matinee idol, was a great actor. Actually, he was a great singer.
Dr Raj Kumar was a great actor and singer and hence the second sentence adds more information through the connector.The connector used in option 1 does not go with the sentence structure. The connectors used in the other options give the wrong meaning
9.
"Kapil Dev scored a century in the first test. He took five wickets."
Which of the following uses a suitable connector to link the two sentences?
Kapil Dev scored a century in the first test. He took five wickets.
Kapil Dev scored a century in the first test. Alternatively, he took five wickets.
Kapil Dev scored a century in the first test. Furthermore, he took five wickets.
Kapil Dev scored a century in the first test. Consequently, he took five wickets.
Kapil Dev is an all rounder and he took five wickets in addition to scoring a century so the connector to be used is 'furthermore.' The connectors in options 2 and 4 are incorrect for the sentences. Option 1 has no connector and is hence incorrect. They are just two separate sentences
10.
"He is ignorant; ___________, he is lazy."
Fill up the blank to complete the sentence, choosing the correct connector from the following.
as well as
not only... but also
too
furthermore
The role of the connector is to give additional information on the characteristics of a person. The connectors in the other options are appropriate, as they are also connectors for providing additional information, but they are not the ones to be used in a sentence that is structured the way it is in the question
Author:  V T Narendra

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