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Grammar 29 - Connectors - Explaining Why
"Whoever tore the book will have to pay for the damage." - Here, WHOEVER is a connector.

Grammar 29 - Connectors - Explaining Why

In the previous seven High English quizzes on grammar we have looked at connectors. Connectors are used within a sentence linking two clauses. They can also link two sentences. In this quiz we look at some connectors with a difference - they are a group of words which other parts of a sentence are inserted between.

There are, of course, certain rules of grammar for these connectors. In the sentence ‘He is SO weak THAT he cannot fight,’ the words in capitals constitute the connector and we notice that the adjective ‘weak’ is inserted between the words in capitals. Similarly, in the sentence ‘He is TOO weak TO fight,’ the adjective is inserted between TOO and TO, and TO is followed by a verb. Further, in the sentence ‘He is NOT strong ENOUGH TO walk,’ we have added ENOUGH as an adverb modifying the adjective strong.

Most of these connectors give us an explanation as to why certain things have not been possible. There is another set of connectors which is also used to give explanation and they are the words beginning (mostly) with WH:

Whoever
Whatever
Wherever
Whenever
However
Whichever

Here are some example sentences:

‘WHOEVER has damaged the car, one of us will have to take responsibility.’
‘HOWEVER swiftly I drive, I may not be able to reach the airport on time.’

The first sentence explains a certain event and somebody has to take responsibility. In the second the word in capitals is a connector that connects two clauses and explains the outcome of a certain event. These connectors are used to connect different clauses and are probably some of the most frequently used connectors. The quiz on grammar that follows gives you an overview of such connectors.

1.
Choose the sentence or sentences that use the correct form of 'explaining why' connectors from the following.
Apurva is not belligerent enough to fight.
Apurva is not belligerent. He cannot fight.
Apurva cannot fight because he is not belligerent.
Apurva and fight. He is not belligerent.
The connector used is 'not...enough' and the form is 'not + adjective enough + verb.' In option 3 the connector used is a cause-effect connector. In options 2 and 4 the sentences are separate and generally such connectors are used in a single sentence
2.
Choose the sentence that uses the correct form of 'explaining why' connectors from the following.
Trupti is too short to she cannot play basketball.
Trupti is short too and she cannot play basketball.
Trupti too short to play basketball.
Trupti is too short to play basketball.
The connector used is 'too...to' and the form is 'too + adjective to + verb.' The sentences in the other options do not follow the form for 'explaining why' connectors
3.
Choose the sentence that uses the correct form of 'explaining why' connectors from the following.
He is too enamoured with her beauty that he has fallen in love with her.
He is so enamoured with her beauty that he has fallen in love with her.
He is not enamoured with her beauty that he has fallen in love with her.
He is enamoured with her beauty that he has fallen in love with her.
'So...that' is the connector used. The connectors used in the other options are inappropriate
4.
"_______ tore these pages, they will have to pay for the damage."
Fill the blank by choosing the appropriate connector from the following.
However
Whatever
Whoever
Whenever
'Whoever' is possessive and formed as who + ever and refers to people. The connectors in the other options do not apply to the context of the sentence
5.
"_______ slowly I try to explain to them, they still don't understand."
Fill the blank by choosing the appropriate connector from the following.
Whatever
Wherever
Whichever
However
'However' is used in the context of explanation and is the appropriate connector. The connectors in the other options do not apply to the context of the sentence
6.
"My father asked me to take my contraption, or ________ it was, outside the house."
Fill the blank by choosing the appropriate connector from the following.
Whatever
However
Wherever
Whenever
'Whatever' is the connector used as it refers to things. The connectors in the other options do not apply to the context of the sentence
7.
"My father asked me to take my contraption, or whatever it was, outside the house and put it ________ it would not create a nuisance."
Fill the blank by choosing the appropriate connector from the following.
Whatever
Whichever
Wherever
Whenever
'Wherever' is the connector used as it refers to places. The connectors in the other options do not apply to the context of the sentence
8.
"The windows in my house shake ________ the neighbour's kids play their music loudly."
Fill the blank by choosing the appropriate connector from the following.
However
Whenever
Whoever
Whichever
'Whenever' is the connector used as it refers to time. The connectors in the other options do not apply to the context of the sentence
9.
"Ayesha's mother allowed her to choose _________ dress she wanted."
Fill the blank by choosing the appropriate connector from the following.
However
Whenever
Wherever
Whichever
'Whichever' is the connector used as it refers to things. The connectors in the other options do not apply to the context of the sentence
10.
"The supervisor warned the employees that he would report anyone misusing the facilities, _______ he may be, to the manger. He found employees watching the TV ________ a cricket match was being aired."
Fill the blanks by choosing the appropriate connector from the following.
whoever, whenever
whoever, however
however, whenever
however, whoever
'Whoever' and 'whenever' are the connectors that refer to people and time and hence the correct connectors. The connectors in the other options do not apply to the context of the sentence
Author:  V T Narendra

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