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Grammar 44 - Nominalisation
"My residence is a beautiful mansion." - 'Residence' is a nominalisation of 'reside'.

Grammar 44 - Nominalisation

Formal English follows some conventions which are useful in making communication very precise and effective but also brief. One such convention is nominalisation. This is the first of five High English grammar quizzes on the subject of nominalisation of words into nouns, and it gives an overview of the topic.

Nominalisation is the conversion of a word which is not a noun into a noun. Traditionally, verbs and adjectives are converted into nouns by the process of nominalisation. For instance, ‘recognise’ is a verb converted into a noun ‘recognition’ by adding a suffix ‘-tion’ with some modifications. Similarly, other verbs are converted into nouns by adding different suffixes. You will hopefully be familiar with the various suffixes which can be added to words to convert them into new words. Almost all the suffixes, such as ‘-sion’, ‘-tion’, ‘-ation’, ‘-ment’, ‘-ance’ and ‘-ence’ can be used to form nominalised words. Here are some examples of verbs converted into nouns by adding suffixes:

Educate-education
Arrive-arrival
Punish-punishment
Fail-failure
Revise-revision

We can see how nominalisation is useful by considering some examples of them in action. Take a look at these sentences:

‘The students arrived at the examination hall well on time. The invigilator appreciated the students’ diligence.’ These can be converted into the single sentence:
‘The arrival of students at the examination hall well on time was appreciated by the invigilator.’ Here ‘arrive’ used as a verb in the first sentence is nominalised to ‘arrival’ and made use of in the third sentence.

The sentence, ‘We departed on time,’ can be converted into, ‘Our departure was on time,’ by nominalising ‘depart’ to ‘departure.’

The rules of grammar allow parts of speech other than nouns can be used in nominalisation. For instance, adjectives are used quite often by converting them into nouns. The ‘-ing’ form is another useful tool in nominalisation. Take the quiz on grammar that follows and learn more about nominalisation.

1.
Choose the option that has pairs not representing nominalisation of verbs.
careless-carelessness; difficult-difficulty; different-difference
compose-composition; introduce-introduction; promote-promotion
discuss-discussion; conclude-conclusion; decide-decision
state-statement; develop-development; agree-agreement
These are nominalisations of adjectives. Note that in option 2 verbs are nominalised by adding the suffix '-tion' with certain modifications. In option 3 verbs are nominalised by adding the suffix '-sion' with certain modifications. In option 4 verbs are nominalised by adding the suffix '-ment.' There are other suffixes that can be used to nominalise verbs
2.
"The alert lawyer exposed the convict comprehensively. The judge had to give a guilty verdict."
Choose the sentence that correctly nominalises the verb in the first sentence.
The alert lawyer's comprehensive exposure of the convict ensured a guilty verdict.
The alert lawyer's comprehensive exposasis of the convict ensured a guilty verdict.
The alert lawyer's comprehensive exposement of the convict ensured a guilty verdict.
The alert lawyer's comprehensive exposence of the convict ensured a guilty verdict.
The verb 'expose' is nominalised by adding the suffix '-ure' with certain modifications. In the other options the nominalisation is incorrect
3.
Choose the option that has pairs not representing nominalisation of verbs.
summarise-summary; sympathise-sympathy; empathise-empathy
diagnose-diagnosis; emphasise-emphasis; analyse-analysis
demonstrate-demonstration; explore-exploration; identify-identification
elegant-elegance; applicable-applicability; intense-intensity
These are nominalisations of adjectives. Note that in option 1 verbs are nominalised by adding the suffix '-y' with certain modifications. In option 2 verbs are nominalised by adding the suffix '-is' with certain modifications. In option 3 verbs are nominalised by adding the suffix '-ation.' There are other suffixes that can be used to nominalise verbs
4.
"My description of the events leading to the ghastly accident was recorded by the police."
This sentence uses a nominalised verb form. Choose the sentences from the following which have been used to form the sentence with the nominalised verb form.
I described the events leading to the ghastly accident to the police. This was recorded by the police.
I describing the events leading to the ghastly accident to the police. This was recorded by the police.
I describe the events leading to the ghastly accident to the police. This was recorded by the police.
I describes the events leading to the ghastly accident to the police. This was recorded by the police.
The nominalised form of the verb 'describe' is 'description,' and the past form of 'describe' is 'described'. The other options all use the wrong form of the verb 'describe'
5.
"Mustaq attended the lecture delivered by the Nobel Laureate. He was able to learn a lot."
Choose the sentence that correctly nominalises the verb in the first sentence.
Mustaq's attend at the lecture delivered by the Nobel Laureate helped him to learn a lot.
Mustaq's attending at the lecture delivered by the Nobel Laureate helped him to learn a lot.
Mustaq's attendance at the lecture delivered by the Nobel Laureate helped him to learn a lot.
Mustaq's attendment at the lecture delivered by the Nobel Laureate helped him to learn a lot.
The verb 'attend' is nominalised by adding the suffix '-ance.' Other such words are 'annoy-annoyance' and 'assist-assistance'. In the other options the nominalisation is incorrect
6.
A headline in the newspaper reads - 'Installation of Eight New Turbines to Increase Power Availability.'
This headiline uses a nominalised verb form. Choose the sentence from which the headline has been formed from the following.
Four new turbines have been installations to help increase power availability.
Eight new turbines have been installed to help increase power availability.
Four new turbines have been installing to help increase power availability.
Four new turbines have been install to help increase power availability.
The nominalised form of the verb 'install' is 'installation,' and the past form of 'install' is 'installed'. The other options all use the wrong form of the verb 'install'
7.
"My proposal for the construction of pedestrian subway was approved by the commissioner."
This sentence uses a nominalised verb form. Choose the sentences from the following which have been used to form the sentence with the nominalised verb form.
I propose construction of a pedestrian subway. The commissioner approved it.
I proposes construction of a pedestrian subway. The commissioner approved it.
I proposing construction of a pedestrian subway. The commissioner approved it.
I proposed construction of a pedestrian subway. The commissioner approved it.
The nominalised form of the verb 'propose' is 'proposal,' and the past form of 'propose' is 'proposed'. The other options all use the wrong form of the verb 'propose'
8.
"I reside in a beautiful mansion."
Choose the sentence that correctly nominalises the verb in the sentence.
My residential is a beautiful mansion.
My reside is a beautiful mansion.
My resident is a beautiful mansion.
My residence is a beautiful mansion.
The verb 'reside' is nominalised by adding the suffix '-nce.' In the other options the nominalisation is incorrect
9.
"I approved his promotion."
Choose the sentence that correctly nominalises the verb in the sentence.
His promotion received my approveation.
His promotion received my approvance.
His promotion received my approval.
His promotion received my approvement.
The verb 'approve' is nominalised by adding the suffix '-al' with certain modifications. Other such words are 'remove-removal' and 'refuse-refusal'. In the other options the nominalisation is incorrect
10.
"Anamika presented her credentials very cogently during the job interview. She was able to secure the job."
Choose the sentence that correctly nominalises the verb in the first sentence.
Anamika's cogent present of her credentials during the job interview secured her the job.
Anamika's cogent presentation of her credentials during the job interview secured her the job.
Anamika's cogent presentassion of her credentials during the job interview secured her the job.
Anamika's cogent presentment of her credentials during the job interview secured her the job.
The verb 'present' is nominalised by adding the suffix '-ation.' In the other options the nominalisation is incorrect
Author:  V T Narendra

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