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Grammar 53 - Modals - Future
‘I will be commencing my guitar lessons tomorrow.’ - This is a sentence in future continuous tense using the modal verb 'will'.

Grammar 53 - Modals - Future

In the previous two High English quizzes we have looked at the rules of grammar when using modal verbs in the past tense and the present tense. In this, the last of our quizzes on modals, we look at the grammar of modal verbs in the future tense.

Modals, as we have studied in past lessons, perform the functions of a supporting verb to main verbs. Modals comprise pure modals and semi-modals. While CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, MUST, SHALL, SHOULD, WILL and WOULD are pure modals, HAVE TO and OUGHT TO are semi-modals.

While modals in the past and present tenses are more straightforward, using modals in the future tense can be trickier. The most often used modal in future tense is WILL, while SHOULD and SHALL are also used. Modals in future tense take other words depending upon the particular future tense form. Here are some examples:

‘I think I will go to a movie tonight.’ This sentence is in simple future tense and the form is ‘will or shall + base form.’ Here, decision in the present decides an action in the future.

‘I will be commencing my guitar lessons tomorrow.’ This is a sentence in future continuous tense and it takes the ‘will be or shall be + -ing’ form. Here, statement in the present tells when an action in the future will commence.

‘I will have already reached my office by the time you finish your breakfast.’ This is a sentence in future perfect simple tense and it takes the ‘will have or shall have + past participle’ form. Here, statement in the present tells when action completes by a certain time.

‘I will have been writing my essay for hours when my father arrives back from the office.’ This is a sentence in future perfect continuous tense and it takes the ‘will have been or shall have been + -ing’ form. Here, statement in the present tells how long an action will have been happening by a certain time.

As mentioned earlier, using modals in the future tense can be tricky but practise will help clear up any doubts. Take the quiz that follows and learn the grammar of modal verbs in the future tense.

1.
'I am afraid I have to skip the meeting tomorrow. I ______________ at our outstation office the whole day.'
Fill up the blank to complete the sentence with a modal. Choose from the following options.
will be work
will be working
will be worked
will been working
This is a sentence in future continuous tense and it takes the ‘will be or shall be + -ing’ form. The other options do not have subject-verb agreement
2.
'Please tell him that I _______ him as soon as I am free.'
Fill up the blank to complete the sentence with a modal. Choose from the following options.
will saw
will seen
will seeing
will see
The sentence is in simple future tense and the form is ‘will or shall + base form.’ The other options do not have subject-verb agreement
3.
'By the time you return, Anamika ____________ for her new college.'
Fill up the blank to complete the sentence with a modal. Choose from the following options.
will have leave
will have been left
will have left
will having been left
This is a sentence in future perfect simple tense and it takes the ‘will have or shall have + past participle’ form. The other options do not have subject-verb agreement
4.
'By the time of the next World Cup, Virat Kohli _______________ for India for a long time.'
Fill up the blank to complete the sentence with a modal. Choose from the following options.
will have been playing
will have playing
will be have playing
will playing
The sentence is in future perfect continuous tense and it takes the ‘will have been or shall have been + -ing’ form. The other options do not have subject-verb agreement
5.
'You have truly broken the rules.'
Rewrite the sentence changing the verb into future tense. Choose from the following options.
You must have truly broken the rules.
You will truly broken the rules.
You will have truly break the rules.
You will have truly broken the rules.
Remember, the form for using modals in future perfect simple tense is ‘will have or shall have + past participle.’ The other options do not show future tense or do not have subject-verb agreement
6.
'The mechanic was servicing the car.'
Rewrite the sentence changing the verb into future tense. Choose from the following options.
The mechanic will be service the car.
The mechanic will be servicing the car.
The mechanic will servicing the car.
The mechanic is servicing the car.
Remember, the form for using modals in future continuous tense is ‘will be or shall be + -ing’ form. The other options do not show future tense or do not have subject-verb agreement
7.
'They saw them working very hard.'
Rewrite the sentence changing the verb into future tense. Choose from the following options.
They will see them working very hard.
They see them working very hard.
They will seeing them working very hard.
They will be see them working very hard.
Remember, the form for using modals in future simple tense is ‘will or shall + base form.’ The other options do not show future tense or do not have subject-verb agreement
8.
'Manav is drinking the juice.'
Rewrite the sentence changing the verb into future tense. Choose from the following options.
Manav has been drinking the juice.
Manav will have drinking the juice.
Manav will have been drinking the juice.
Manav will been drinking the juice.
Remember, the form for using modals in future perfect continuous tense is ‘will have been or shall have been + -ing.’ The other options do not show future tense or do not have subject-verb agreement
9.
'She promised that she ___________ him about it.'
Fill up the blank to complete the sentence with a modal. Choose from the following options.
wouldn't telling
wouldn't tells
wouldn't told
wouldn't tell
This is in simple future tense and the form is ‘will or shall + base form.’ Note that 'not' is used in a negative sense. The other options do not have subject-verb agreement
10.
'If Aftab retires before 2020, he _______________________ as the director of this company for thirty years.'
Fill up the blank to complete the sentence with a modal. Choose from the following options.
shall not have been working
shall not have working
shall not been working
shall not have been worked
This is a sentence in future perfect continuous tense and it takes the ‘will have been or shall have been + -ing’ form. Note that 'not' is used in a negative sense. the other options do not have subject-verb agreement
Author:  V T Narendra

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