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Grammar 56 - Present Passive
"The blue shirt is worn by Joseph." - This sentence is in passive voice and present tense.

Grammar 56 - Present Passive

In the previous two High English quizzes, we studied what constitutes sentences in active and passive voices. We also looked at instances where active and passive voices are used. We also learnt how to identify a sentence in passive or active voice. In this quiz we take a look at sentences in the passive voice in the present tense.

Sentences in general are in active voice as the subject performing the action is usually more important than the object on which the action is performed. In some cases, we find that we want to emphasise the object or thing receiving the action and, therefore, we use the passive voice. We find passive voice sentences in scientific and academic writing as they need to be objective. We can also use the passive form if we do not know who is performing the action or if we do not want to mention the person who is performing the action.

Verbs play an important role in tense and they change in different tense forms. Sentences in passive and active voice also have verbs changing in sentences according to the tenses. However, the main verb in the sentence in passive voice is always the third form or the past participle. The auxiliary verb changes according to the tense. Here's an example:

‘Arpana cleans the house.’ This sentence is in active voice and present tense. In passive voice and present tense it transforms into:
‘The house is cleaned by Arpana.’

We notice that the main verb (clean) changes into ‘cleaned’, which is the past participle of ‘clean.’ The auxiliary verb ‘is,’ indicates present tense. Thus, in passive voice, the verb form of the auxiliary verb indicates the tense of the sentence and the main verb takes its past participle form in all tenses. The sentence in passive voice and simple present use different forms of the auxiliary verb ‘am/is/are’ depending upon the person.

Take the quiz that follows and learn more about sentences in passive voice and present tense.

1.
Choose the sentence that is NOT in passive voice from the following options.
I am carrying a parcel.
The office isn't cleaned at night.
I am paid every month by the organisation I work for.
My air conditioners are checked regularly by a technician.
This sentence is in active voice. Note that not all sentences with the variation of the verb 'to be' or with the preposition 'by' are in passive voice. Note also that the sentence is in present continuous tense. The sentence in passive voice would be 'The parcel is carried by me'
2.
Which of the following sentences is in passive voice and present tense?
Am the fish caught in the net?
Is the fish caught the net?
Is the fish caught in the net?
Is the fish catch in the net?
Remember, in passive sentences the main verb (catch) changes into ‘caught’, which is the past participle of ‘catch.’ The auxiliary verb ‘is,’ indicates present tense. This sentence is in question form and here the auxiliary verb comes first. Option 1 uses the incorrect auxiliary verb, in option 2 the preposition 'in' is missing and option 4 uses the incorrect form of the main verb
3.
Which of the following sentences is in passive voice and present tense?
The store is not opened by him.
Is the store not opened by him?
He opens the store.
Options 1 and 2 above are correct but option 3 is wrong.
Remember, in passive sentences the main verb (open) changes into ‘opened’, which is the past participle of ‘open.' The auxiliary verb ‘is,’ indicates present tense. Note that we can use negative sentences in passive voice and ask questions in passive voice. Option 3 is in active voice
4.
Which of the following sentences is in passive voice and present tense?
Ten dosas are eats by Saurav.
Ten dosas are eat by Saurav.
Ten dosas is eaten by Saurav.
Ten dosas are eaten by Saurav.
Remember, in passive sentences the main verb (eat) changes into ‘eaten’, which is the past participle of ‘eat.’ The auxiliary verb ‘are,’ indicates present tense. Options 1 and 2 do not use the past participle of the main verb and option 3 uses the incorrect auxiliary verb
5.
'You ________ a lot of work to do aren't you?'
Complete the sentence in passive voice and in present tense by filling up the blank choosing from the following options.
is given
are give
are gived
are given
Remember, in passive sentences the main verb (give) changes into ‘given’, which is the past participle of ‘give.' The auxiliary verb ‘are,’ indicates present tense. Option 1 uses the wrong form of the auxiliary verb and options 2 and 3 use the wrong form of the main verb
6.
Which of the following sentences is in passive voice and present tense?
The blue shirt are worn by Joseph.
The blue shirt is worn by Joseph.
The blue shirt is weared by Joseph.
The blue shirt is wore by Joseph.
Remember, in passive sentences the main verb (wear) changes into ‘worn’, which is the past participle of ‘wear.’ The auxiliary verb ‘is,’ indicates present tense. Option 1 uses the incorrect auxiliary verb while options 3 and 4 do not use the past participle of the main verb. Remember, 'wear' is an irregular verb and its past participle is 'worn'
7.
'A lot of work ______ by people you never see.'
Complete the sentence in passive voice and in present tense by filling up the blank choosing from the following options.
is does
is doing
is done
is do
Remember, in passive sentences the main verb (do) changes into ‘done’, which is the past participle of ‘do.' The auxiliary verb ‘is,’ indicates present tense. The other options use the wrong form of the main verb
8.
'The baby _____ every four hours.'
Complete the sentence in passive voice and in present tense by filling up the blank choosing from the following options.
are fed
is fed
is feed
is feeds
Remember, in passive sentences the main verb (feed) changes into ‘fed’, which is the past participle of ‘feed.' The auxiliary verb ‘are,’ indicates present tense. Option 1 uses the wrong form of the auxiliary verb and options 3 and 4 use the wrong form of the main verb
9.
Which of the following sentences is in passive voice and present tense?
The letter is written by him.
The letter was written by him.
The letter is write by him.
The letter is writing by him.
Remember, in passive sentences the main verb (write) changes into ‘written’, which is the past participle of ‘write.’ The auxiliary verb ‘is,’ indicates present tense. Option 2 is in past tense, options 3 and 4 do not use the past participle of the main verb
10.
Which of the following sentences is in passive voice and present tense?
The ballots are counted.
Many times our actions are commended.
Many times our actions are not appreciated.
All of the above are correct.
Remember, passive voice may be a better choice when the doer of the action is unknown, unwanted, or unneeded in the sentence
Author:  V T Narendra

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