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Grammar 59 - Present Perfect Passive
"Has the patient's temperature been taken?" - This sentence is in the present perfect tense and passive voice.

Grammar 59 - Present Perfect Passive

In the previous five High English quizzes, we have learnt what constitutes sentences in active voice and passive voice. In this quiz we take a look at writing sentences in passive voice in the present perfect tense.

Sometimes, the speaker or writer would want to make the object of a sentence in the active voice into the subject position of the sentence in passive voice to emphasise something or bring focus on to the object. In such situations, we use the passive voice. Here is a sentence in active voice:

‘Detectives have questioned Mr Pranav, our neighbour.’

This sentence lays emphasis on the detectives but we would probably be more interested in our neighbour, and this can be expressed well in a sentence in passive voice like this:

‘Mr Pranav, our neighbour, has been questioned by detectives.’

In using passive voice, the general rule is that the main verb in the sentence uses its past participle and the auxiliary verb denotes the tense. In sentences in passive voice and present perfect tense, the present tense form of the verb ‘has/have’ is added to past participle ‘been’ followed by the past participle of the main verb which denotes the tense. Thus, the form of a passive sentence in present perfect tense is this:

‘Object + has/have been + past participle of the main verb.’

Here are some examples:

‘I have been awarded the Padma Sri.’
‘The dog has been taught to heel.’

Both of these sentences are in the passive voice following the form. The present perfect passive sentence helps to describe a previous action or event that began in the past and continued up to the present and its consequences have implications for the present. Just as in other instances, the passive present perfect voice takes the form when it is a question:

‘Has/have + object + been + past participle of main verb (third form)?’ and as a negative it takes this form:
‘Has/have + not + been + past participle of main verb (third form).’

The quiz that follows helps you to practise sentences in passive present perfect voice.

1.
'The results of the degree examination ____________________ yet.'
Complete the sentence in present perfect passive voice by filling up the blank choosing from the following options.
has not been announced
are not announced
have not been announced
are not being announced
Remember, the form for present perfect passive in negative form is 'object + has/have + not + been + past participle of the main verb.’ Option 1 uses 'has' instead of 'have.' Remember 'have' is used for all cases other than third person singular form. Option 2 is in present tense and option 4 is in present continuous tense
2.
'Why has the ministers' trip been postponed?'
What is wrong with this sentence, which is supposed to be a sentence in present perfect passive voice? Choose from the following options.
The auxiliary verb components 'have' and 'been' should be together.
The main verb should be 'postpone'.
The auxiliary verb should be 'have'.
The sentence is correct as is.
The sentence is a correct present perfect passive sentence. Don't get confused with 'ministers' and 'trip.' Note that 'trip' is singular and hence the use of 'has'
3.
'____ the documents _____________ already?'
Complete the sentence in present perfect passive voice by filling up the blank choosing from the following options.
has, been submitted
are, being submitted
are, submitted
have, been submitted
Remember, the form for present perfect passive in question form is 'has/have + object + been + past participle of the main verb.’ Option 1 uses 'has' instead of 'have.' Remember 'have' is used for all cases other than third person singular form. Option 2 is in present continuous tense and option 3 is in present tense
4.
'Has she phoned him?'
Rewrite the sentence in present perfect passive form. Choose from the following options.
Has he been phone by her?
Has he been phoning by her?
Has he been phoned by her?
Has she been phoned by him?
Remember, the form for present perfect passive in question form is 'has/have + object + been + past participle of the main verb.’ Options 1 and 2 use the wrong form of the main verb 'phone' and option 4 uses the wrong subject
5.
'Nearly 500 biscuit packets ___________________.'
Complete the sentence in present perfect passive voice by filling up the blank choosing from the following options.
have been distributed
have being distributed
are being distributed
have been distributing
Remember, the form for present perfect passive is 'object + has/have been + past participle of the main verb.’ Option 2 does not use 'been', option 3 is in present continuous tense and option 4 does not use the past participle of the main verb (distribute)
6.
'Despite the transgression, his reputation ________________.'
Complete the sentence in present perfect passive voice by filling up the blank choosing from the following options.
has not been harmed
was not harmed
not has been harmed
has been not harmed
Remember, the form for present perfect passive in negative form is 'object + has/have + not + been + past participle of the main verb.’ Option 2 is in past tense and options 3 and 4 use 'not' in an incorrect position. Remember, 'not' is placed in between 'has/have' and 'been'
7.
'The wrong auditorium have been enter by me.'
What is wrong with this sentence, which is supposed to be a sentence in present perfect passive voice? Choose from the following options.
It uses the wrong form of main verb only.
It uses the wrong form of auxiliary verb and main verb.
It uses the wrong form of auxiliary verb only.
The sentence is correct as is.
The correct sentence in present perfect passive voice is 'The wrong auditorium has been entered by me.' Note that both the auxiliary and main verbs have to be changed
8.
'They have not contracted measles.'
Rewrite the sentence in present perfect passive form. Choose from the following options.
Measles have not been contracted by them.
Measles are not being contracted by them.
Measles were not contracted by them.
Measles have not contracted by them.
Remember, in negative sentences 'not' is placed in between 'has/have' and 'been.' Option 2 is in present continuous tense, option 3 is in past tense and option 4 has omitted 'been'
9.
'Anamika ______________ to attend the Filmfare Awards distribution function.'
Complete the sentence in present perfect passive voice by filling up the blank choosing from the following options.
was invited
is invited
is being invited
has been invited
Remember, the form for present perfect passive is 'object + has/have been + past participle of the main verb.’ Option 1 is in past tense, option 2 is in present tense and option 3 is in present continuous tense
10.
'___ the patient's temperature _________ ?'
Complete the sentence in present perfect passive voice by filling up the blanks choosing from the following options.
have, been taken
has, been taken
is, being taken
was, taken
Remember, the form for present perfect passive in question form is 'has/have + object + been + past participle of the main verb.’ Option 1 uses 'have' instead of 'has.' Remember 'has' is used for third person singular form. Option 3 is in present continuous tense and option 4 is in past tense
Author:  V T Narendra

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