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Grammar 69 - Sentence Completion
'With his ____ eyesight, Raghav spotted the military jet streaking in the sky.' - Can you choose the right word to fill in the gap in this sentence?

Grammar 69 - Sentence Completion

Often we find ourselves in a quandary while expressing something and we are stuck because we cannot find the right word to complete a sentence. Don't fret! This High English quiz is just the thing. It is full of sentence completion exercises which will test your grammar and help you to overcome the issue. Take a look at this:

‘Ravinder was such a poor team man that his inclusion in the team served as _________, rather than a boon to the team.’

Let's try to fill the blank. One way to find the right words is to look for alternatives, which could be ‘a hindrance’, ‘a disadvantage’ or ‘an advantage.’ Now, looking at the context of the sentence, we can test these words by fitting them into the gap. The player is described as a poor team man and so we can safely eliminate ‘an advantage.’ Both ‘a disadvantage’ and ‘a hindrance’ appear to fit the context of the sentence. While ‘a disadvantage’ may be a possible candidate, the context of the sentence suits ‘a hindrance’ better and so we can conclude that ‘a hindrance’ is the more apt solution.

Sentence completion exercises help our grammar by allowing us to hone our verbal skills, especially our ability to identify the logic found in sentences and vocabulary. If our logic is sound and our vocabulary is vast then it is a cinch for us to get the right word quickly. More often than not, the sentence itself contains the information to assist us in choosing the right word. For instance, the writer could be looking for a restatement of the idea. He could also be searching for a comparison or a contrast. In addition, there could be a cause-effect answer.

Doing sentence completion exercises will help us to learn the art of elimination, which is to rule out an option because we know that it is not the right word. Take the quiz that follows, which takes us through the rudiments of sentence completion, and test your English grammar.

1.
'Saurav had the _______ experience of being seated next to a garrulous passenger on his recent train journey.'
Complete the sentence by filling up the blank.
pleasant
quiet
nice
galling
'Galling' means exasperating, annoying, or irritating. It is rare that anyone can enjoy a garrulous person sitting next to them on a long journey!
2.
'Anamika is very ________ when attending meetings because she feels not showing up on time is slighting other participants.'
Complete the sentence by filling up the blank.
punctual
perfect
tardy
laid-back
'Punctual' means being prompt, showing up on time. The cause-effect in the sentence gives us a clue to the right word
3.
'Apurva made some __________ remarks to the Indian Prime Minister. He was soundly chastised by his co-reporters.'
Complete the sentence by filling up the blank.
irreverent
reverent
flattering
complimentary
'Irreverent' means lacking respect or seriousness. Here, we can choose the right word by invoking the cause-effect logic
4.
'The government exhorted citizens to report any crime witnessed by them as otherwise it could be construed as being _________ in that crime.'
Complete the sentence by filling up the blank.
disinterested
complicit
adept
absorbed
'Complicit' means involved in a questionable act or a crime. The words in the other options do not support the reference to the context of the sentence
5.
'My father did not approve of some of my friends and he said that I was ______________ in choosing them.'
Complete the sentence by filling up the blank.
choosy
selective
particular
indiscriminate
'Indiscriminate' means choosing randomly in a haphazard fashion. The words in the other options are contrary to what the father expects
6.
'Mustaq unwittingly _______ the burglar by giving him way and ensuring his escape.'
Complete the sentence by filling up the blank.
blocked
abetted
coerced
halted
'To abet' means to aid an act of wrongdoing, however, here it is done unknowingly. Logical reasoning can eliminate the other options
7.
'James Hadley Chase was a ________ writer who intrigued readers with his plots that took unexpected twists.'
Complete the sentence by filling up the blank.
profuse
copious
prolific
abundant
'Prolific' means abundantly creative or fruitful. The other options are not consistent with reference to the context of the sentence
8.
'Moyna is ____________ writing stories because she was well honed by her job as a reporter in a leading newspaper.
Complete the sentence by filling up the blank.
proficient in
incapable of
incompetent at
slovenly in
'Proficient' means to be adept or well versed in any branch of learning. The words in the other options do not support the fact that the reporter honed her skills at the newspaper she was working with
9.
'The manager would _______ her subordinates into a discussion by asking a few searching questions.'
Complete the sentence by filling up the blank.
hound
subdue
prejudice
provoke
'To provoke' is to call forth a feeling or action. The other options can be eliminated because they are not appropriate to the context of the sentence
10.
'With his ____ eyesight, Raghav spotted the military jet streaking in the sky.'
Complete the sentence by filling up the blank.
inferior
poor
keen
myopic
'Keen' means being extremely sensitive, responsive or finely sharpened. In the other options the attributes refer to poor eyesight and would not contribute to spotting the jet!
Author:  V T Narendra

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