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Antonyms 4 - Relational Antonyms
He got the whole cake!

Antonyms 4 - Relational Antonyms

In the previous quizzes we learnt what antonyms are and also about the different types of antonyms, such as graded and complementary. We now come to one more type of antonym known as Relational Antonyms.

Relational antonyms are words such as LOST/FOUND and BUY/SELL. For such words a relationship is there provided both exist. For instance, for somebody to buy, someone else must sell. If something is lost only then can that thing can be found. Other examples would be floor/ceiling; up/down and win/lose.

Not all similar pairs of words are relational antonyms. You could get confused between husband/wife and son/daughter. While these two pairs are similar they are different types of antonyms. For the husband to exist the wife must be there and hence they are relational antonyms. But for a daughter to exist a son need not exist and vice versa. The son/daughter pair is categorised under complementary antonyms.

While looking at antonyms, and more specifically relational antonyms, it is essential to look at the relationships between the two meanings. Only the contextual relationships between the two words would determine the existence of the opposite meaning. For instance, there is no opposite of a ‘teacher’ really but when compared with a pupil both become opposites. Similarly, we can look at other pairs such as doctor/patient; master/servant and come/go.

One way not to get confused with the type of antonyms is to view a situation from opposite ends. The fact that one situation may be different from another would determine the antonyms. A good example would be that you could be a child to your parent or a pupil to a teacher or even a teacher to a pupil who is someone else.

It may be noted that relational antonyms are very similar to complementary antonyms! Play this quiz and learn some more relational antonyms.

1.
Which of the following sentences contains an antonym of the word NORTH?
I went to the SOUTH pole.
I went to the EAST pole.
I went to the WEST pole.
I went to the CENTRAL pole.
'South' is the relational antonym of 'north'. 'East' is the relational antonym of 'west'. Also, there are really no east, west and central poles!
2.
Which of the following sentences contains an antonym of the word PARENT?
The MOTHER was rebuked by the headmaster.
The FATHER was rebuked by the headmaster.
The CHILD was rebuked by the headmaster.
The DAD was rebuked by the headmaster.
'Child' is the relational antonym of 'parent'. 'Mother', 'father' and 'dad' are synonyms of 'parent'
3.
Which of the following sentences contains an antonym of the word LEND?
I was forced to SUPPLY the car.
I was forced to BORROW the car.
I was forced to PROVIDE the car.
I was forced to GIVE the car.
'Borrow' is the relational antonym of 'lend'. The other three sentences contain words which are synonyms of 'lend'
4.
Which of the following sentences contains an antonym of the word SLAVE?
The angry SERF shouted at the cook.
The angry MASTER shouted at the cook.
The angry SERVANT shouted at the cook.
The angry WORKER shouted at the cook.
'Master' is the relational antonym of 'slave'. 'Serf', 'servant' and 'worker' are all synonyms of 'slave'
5.
Which of the following sentences contains an antonym of the word RELEASED?
The prisoner was DISCHARGED.
The prisoner was LIBERATED.
The prisoner was FREED.
The prisoner was TRAPPED.
'Trapped' is the relational antonym of 'released'. The other three sentences all contain words which are synonyms of 'released'
6.
Which of the following sentences contains an antonym of the word SELLER?
The TRADER tried to hoodwink him.
The MARKETER tried to hoodwink him.
The PEDDLER tried to hoodwink him.
The BUYER tried to hoodwink him.
'Buyer' is the relational antonym of 'seller'. The other three sentences all contain words which are synonyms of 'seller'
7.
Which of the following sentences contains an antonym of the word DAUGHTER?
She is my MOTHER.
She is my KID.
She is my OFFSPRING.
She is my CHILD.
'Mother' is the relational antonym of 'daughter'. 'Kid', 'offspring' and 'child' are all synonyms of 'daughter'
8.
Which of the following sentences contains an antonym of the word GIVE?
To DONATE money to his brother he must ask his friend for the money.
He has to TAKE money from his friend and give it to his brother.
To GRANT money to his brother he must ask his friend for the money.
To PROVIDE money to his brother he must ask his friend for the money.
'Take' is the relational antonym of 'give'. The other three sentences all contain words which are synonyms of 'give'
9.
Which of the following sentences contains an antonym of the word PART?
He got a PORTION of the cake.
He got the WHOLE cake.
He got a SEGMENT of the cake.
He got a SLICE of the cake.
'Whole' is the relational antonym of 'part'. The other three sentences all contain words which are synonyms of 'part'
10.
Which of the following sentences contains an antonym of the word TEACH?
I have to TRAIN children in mathematics.
I have to LECTURE children on mathematics.
I have to COACH children in mathematics.
I have to LEARN mathematics.
'Learn' is the relational antonym of 'teach'. 'Train', 'lecture' and 'coach' are all synonyms of 'teach'
Author:  V T Narendra

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