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Nouns 07 - Adjectives From Nouns
Is the word 'colourful' an adjective?

Nouns 07 - Adjectives From Nouns

Nouns and adjectives are important parts of speech. While nouns help us to name persons, things, objects, places and other concrete things, as well as give shape to abstract ideas, adjectives help us to qualify the nouns and impart more meaning to the nouns they qualify.

The sentence ‘That is his CAR’ tells us that the car belongs to him. CAR is a noun.

The sentence ‘There is DIRT on the car’ gives us more information. DIRT is also a noun.

The sentence ‘That is his DIRTY Car' gives us the same information. Here the word DIRTY tells something more than the first sentence and we form opinions about the car and the person. DIRTY is an adjective which is derived from the word DIRT.

Many adjectives are derived from nouns. If you remember our quizzes on compound nouns we came across words that were formed from a combination of nouns and adjectives. In this quiz we will learn how to convert nouns into adjectives.

Most nouns are converted into adjectives by the simple addition of a suffix. In the DIRTY example we formed the word from DIRT by adding the suffix Y. Similarly, LOGIC is a noun and by adding the suffix AL we make the word LOGICAL, which is an adjective. Other nouns can be formed by adding a suffix with some minor modifications. For example, from the noun TREACHERY we form the adjective TREACHEROUS and we notice that we have removed the Y and added OUS. Similarly, there are a number of suffixes that can be added to nouns to form adjectives. Here are some examples:

VISION and VISIONARY

WEEK and WEEKLY

FORCE and FORCEFUL

WORKMAN and WORKMANLIKE

ARTIST and ARTISTIC

BASE and BASELESS

COMIC and COMICAL

IMP and IMPISH

The quiz that follows exposes you to many more adjectives that are formed from nouns.

1.
Find the adjectives formed from the three nouns - VICTORY, NERVE and DANGER.
victorious nervous dangerious
victorious nerveous dangerous
victoryous nervous dangerous
victorious nervous dangerous
'Victorious', 'nervous' and 'dangerous' are the correct adjectives. They are derived from their nouns by adding the suffix 'ous' with certain modifications. When a word ends in a 'y' you must replace the 'y' with 'ious.' When the word ends with an 'e' then replace the 'e' with 'ous'. In other cases just add 'ous' to the end of the word. Here are some more examples: 'mysterious', 'adventurous' and 'joyous'. Think of some more words you can form by adding 'ous'
2.
Find the adjectives formed from the three nouns - ACID, PESSIMIST and RHYTHM.
acidic pessimistic rhythmful
acidic pessimistic rhythmic
acidic pessimistal rhythmic
acidous pessimistic rhythmic
'Acidic', 'pessimistic' and 'rhythmic' are the adjectives we are looking for. They are derived from their nouns by adding the suffix 'ic'. Here are some more examples: 'photographic', 'periodic' and 'optimistic'. Which other words you can form by adding 'ic'?
3.
Find the adjectives formed from the three nouns - HOME, WOMAN and FRIEND.
homely womanous friendly
homer womanly friendly
homely womanly friendly
homely womanly friendary
'Homely', 'womanly' and 'friendly' are the correct adjectives. They are derived from their nouns by adding the suffix 'ly'. Here are some more examples: 'yearly', 'manly' and 'cowardly'. List out any other words you can think of which can be formed by adding 'ly'
4.
Find the adjectives formed from the three nouns - FRIGHT, COLOUR and DOUBT.
frightful colourful doubtary
frightful coloural doubtful
frightous colourful doubtful
frightful colourful doubtful
'Frightful', 'colourful' and 'doubtful' are the adjectives we are looking for. They are derived from their nouns by adding the suffix 'ful'. Here are some more examples: 'dreadful', 'faithful' and 'fearful'. Can you think of any other words you can form by adding 'ful'?
5.
Find the adjectives formed from the three nouns - LADY, WAR and CHILD.
ladeous warlike childlike
ladylike warlike childlike
ladylike warlal childlike
ladylike warlike children
'Ladylike', 'warlike' and 'childlike' are the correct adjectives. They are derived from their nouns by adding the suffix 'like'. Here are some more examples: 'lifelike', 'birdlike' and 'spring-like'. See what other words you can think of which are formed by adding 'like'
6.
Find the adjectives formed from the three nouns - DIET, MOMENT and CAUTION.
dietary momentary cautionless
dietary momentary cautionary
dietary momental cautionary
dietous momentary cautionary
'Dietary', 'momentary' and 'cautionary' are the adjectives we're looking for. They are derived from their nouns by adding the suffix 'ary'. Here are some more examples: 'budgetary', 'evolutionary' and 'inflationary'. Which other words you can form by adding 'ary'?
7.
Find the adjectives formed from the three nouns - ALPHABET, METHOD and MYTH.
alphabetical methodical mythical
alphabetous methodical mythical
alphabetical methodal mythical
alphabetical methodical mythish
'Alphabetical', 'methodical' and 'mythical' are the adjectives we're looking for. They are derived from their nouns by adding the suffix 'ical'. Note that when the word ends in 'ic' we add only 'al'. For instance, 'historic' - 'historical', 'magic' - 'magical'. Can you think of any more words you can form by adding 'ical'?
8.
Find the adjectives formed from the three nouns - UNIVERSE, REGION and ACCIDENT.
universal regional accidental
universal regional accidentous
universal regionful accidental
university regional accidental
'Universal', 'regional' and 'accidental' are the adjectives we're looking for. They are derived from their nouns by adding the suffix 'al'. Note that when the word ends in an 'e' it is necessary to remove the 'e' and before adding 'al.' Here are some more examples: 'natural', 'functional' and 'brutal'. Can you think of any other words you can form by adding 'al'?
9.
Find the adjectives formed from the three nouns - HOPE, BLAME and CHILD.
hopely blameless childless
hopeless blameous childless
hopeless blameless childless
hopeless blameless children
'Hopeless', 'blameless' and 'childless' are the correct adjectives. They are derived from their nouns by adding the suffix 'less'. Here are some more examples: 'sleeveless', 'restless' and 'graceless'. List out the other words you can think of which are formed by adding 'less'
10.
Find the adjectives formed from the three nouns - CHILD, GIRL and FOOL.
children girlish foolish
childish girlal foolish
childish girlish foolical
childish girlish foolish
'Childish', 'girlish' and 'foolish' are the correct adjectives. They are derived from their nouns by adding the suffix 'ish'. Here are some more examples: 'boyish', 'feverish' and 'bookish'. List out any other words you can think of which are formed by adding 'ish'
Author:  V T Narendra

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