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Punctuation 1 - Which Mark to Use
Can you correctly punctuate this sentence - "this mango is very sweet"?

Punctuation 1 - Which Mark to Use

Sentences are groups of words put together in a structured manner to carry meaning. Words are drawn from different parts of speech and put in sentences to relate ideas. The relationship between words in a sentence is governed by grammar. The person who writes or speaks follows the rules of grammar so that the reader or listener can understand, as he also is aware of the same rules. In addition to grammar there are other aspects of the language that help to make communication more meaningful and purposeful. One such aspect is punctuation.

Punctuation is useful in structuring sentences properly and removing any doubts as to what is meant by the writer. In this quiz we will learn about four punctuation marks: capitals, full stops, exclamation marks and question marks.

In order to signify the beginning of a sentence we make the first letter of the first word a capital. Also, in a sentence if a proper noun is used we write the noun with its first letter in capitals.

To end the sentence we place a full stop to signify the end.

If the sentence that we are writing is an exclamatory sentence, then we use the exclamation mark to signify the end in place of a full stop.

If, on the other hand, the sentence is an interrogative sentence, that is, asking a question, then we end the sentence with a question mark in place of a full stop. Here are some examples:

‘The dog ate the bone given by Arpana.’ - This is an assertive sentence and is properly punctuated with capitals and full stop.

‘What a cover drive Virat Kohli played!’ - This is an exclamatory sentence and it has the correct capitals and exclamation mark.

‘Will you dance with me please?’ - This sentence is asking a question and hence ends with a question mark.

Play this quiz and learn how and where to use the correct punctuation marks.

1.
"you aren't going anywhere until the homework is done, young man" - How should this sentence be punctuated?
Question mark (?)
First letter of first word in capitals exclamation mark (!)
Full stop (.)
First letter of first word in capitals.
The sentence is an exclamatory sentence and should not be confused with other kinds of sentences. Hence, the sentence ends with an exclamation mark. The first letter of the first word of the sentence needs to be in capitals
2.
"What a game roger federer played in the finals." - Is the punctuation correct? If not, what should it be?
The full stop is correct.
The full stop is wrong and it should be an exclamation mark.
The full stop is wrong and it should be an exclamation mark and also the name 'roger federer' is a proper noun and the first letters of the name should be in capitals.
The full stop is wrong and it should be a question mark.
Remember the rules regarding capitals. The sentence is expressing a feeling about the game Roger Federer played and hence it is an exclamatory sentence. Do not confuse this with an interrogative sentence
3.
"don't you dare leave this house?" - Is the punctuation correct? If not, what should it be?
The question mark is correct.
The question mark is wrong and it should be a fullstop.
The question mark is wrong and it should be an exclamation mark and don't should be replaced by Don't.
The question mark is wrong and it should be an exclamation mark.
The sentence looks like an interrogative sentence. However, the implied person is not asking a question but giving a stern warning and hence the exclamation mark is the right ending. Also, the first word should start with its first letter in capitals
4.
"Ramesh invited all his friends to the party?" - Is the punctuation correct? If not, what should it be?
The question mark is right and Ramesh should be written as ramesh.
The question mark is wrong and it should be an exclamation mark.
The question mark is right.
The question mark is wrong and it should be a full stop.
Remember assertive and imperative sentences end in a full stop. "Ramesh invited all his friends to the party" is an assertive sentence
5.
"what a blast I had at the party" - How should this sentence be punctuated?
First letter of first word in capitals.
Question mark (?)
Full stop (.)
First letter of first word in capitals and exclamation mark (!)
The sentence is expressing a feeling and hence is an exclamatory sentence. This warrants the use of an exclamation mark at the end of the sentence. The first letter of the first word of the sentence needs to be in capitals. Do not confuse this sentence for an interrogative sentence
6.
"Are you going to the concert!" - Is the punctuation mark correct? If not, what should it be?
The exclamation mark is wrong and it should be a full stop.
The exclamation mark is wrong and it should be a question mark.
The exclamation mark is correct.
The exclamation mark is wrong and concert should begin with a capital 'C'.
Since the sentence is an interrogative sentence, it should end with a question mark. Answer 4 is wrong as only the first letter of the first word of a sentence or of a proper noun are to be written in capitals. Here 'concert' is a common noun and common nouns in the middle of a sentence are written in lower case letters
7.
"this mango is very sweet" - How should this sentence be punctuated?
First letter of first word in capitals and full stop (.)
Exclamation mark (!)
Question mark (?)
First letter of first word in capitals.
"This mango is very sweet" is an assertive sentence with complete meaning and so needs a full stop at the end. Also, as with all sentences, the first letter of the first word needs to be written in capitals
8.
"Please hand over the book to the headMaster!" - Is the punctuation correct? If not, what should it be?
The exclamation mark is right.
The exclamation mark is wrong and it should be full stop. The word headMaster is wrong and should be written headmaster.
The exclamation mark is wrong and it should be question mark.
The exclamation mark is wrong and it should be full stop.
Answer 1 is wrong as the sentence is an imperative sentence, which should end with a full stop. Answer 4 is partially correct. Answer 3 is wrong as the sentence is not an interrogative sentence
9.
"did you take the subway or the bus" - How should this sentence be punctuated?
Question mark (?)
First letter of first word in capitals and question mark (?)
Full stop (.)
Exclamation mark (!)
The sentence is an interrogative sentence and hence needs to end with a question mark. Also, the first letter of the first word of the sentence needs to be in capitals
10.
"Ayesha wants to know when she will be given her pocket money." - Is the punctuation correct? If not, what should it be?
The full stop is wrong and should be a question mark.
The full stop is wrong and should be an exclamation mark.
The full stop is right and pocket money should be written as Pocket Money.
The full stop is right.
Although there is a question implicit in the sentence, it is an indirect one and the sentence qualifies as a declarative or assertive sentence needing a full stop. Answer 3 is partially right but pocket money is a common noun and so is not to be in capitals
Author:  V T Narendra

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