Reading Comprehension 01
A rescue helicopter - similar to the one mentioned in questions 1 and 2.

Reading Comprehension 01

Read the sentence ‘Main Accha Hoon.’ Could you make out what it meant? You could have if you knew English and Hindi. English, because you should be able to read the script and Hindi, because the Hindi words are written in the English alphabet. Since you could not understand, most probably your response would be ‘I could not comprehend.’ If you look it up in the dictionary you will find the meaning of COMPREHEND is: to understand the nature or meaning of; grasp with the mind; perceive. Thus, reading comprehension is the task of reading something that is written and understanding its meaning.

When you read you are reading with a purpose. You could be reading the day’s newspaper to find out what is happening around the world and your country. You could be reading the time-table at the railway station. You could be reading the question paper at an exam you are taking. You could be reading a notice on the notice board of your school. Your teacher writes something on the blackboard and you read what is written. In all these cases you need to comprehend what is written and take whatever action is necessary after reading and understanding the communication.

In order to comprehend what is written you must know all the parts of speech and the grammar that constitutes the English language. You must know words and their meanings. You have to put in a lot of hard work to study the English language, especially the words and the grammar. Reading comprehension puts to test all that you have learnt over the years. If you have learnt well and remember the grammar and your vocabulary is large then your reading comprehension is bound to be good. Take the quiz that follows and see how well you can grasp the meaning of the words you have read.

1.
The headline in the morning newspaper said 'Helicopter rescues ten people in Bangalore floods.' What is the headline telling us?
About saving people stranded due to floods.
About a joy helicopter ride.
About people enjoying Bangalore weather.
About ten people living in Bangalore.
The word 'rescues' gives us an indication that people are in distress and these people were saved by the services of a helicopter
2.
The headline in the morning newspaper said 'Helicopter rescues ten people in Bangalore floods.' What does this tell us about the helicopter?
The helicopter was trying to prevent floods.
The helicopter was giving a joy ride to ten people.
The helicopter was manufactured in Bangalore.
The helicopter was being used to save stranded people.
A helicopter is an aircraft that is versatile and used in rescue operations when stranded people cannot be reached by other means of transport
3.
'Virat Kohli scores a magnificent century against the West Indies in the 4th One Day International.' - What is the sentence telling us?
About an election rally.
About a cricket match.
About a football match.
About a rock concert.
'Century' and 'One Day International' are terms used in the game of cricket. 'A century' is when a batsmen scores hundred runs. A 'One Day International' is a limited overs cricket match played between two cricket playing nations that gets completed in one day
4.
'Virat Kohli scores a magnificent century against the West Indies team in the 4th One Day International.' - What is 'West Indies team'?
It is a football team from the West Indies.
It is a cricket team from Western India.
It is a cricket team from the West Indies.
It is a hockey team from the West Indies.
The West Indies is a group of small nations in the Caribbean Region south of the US. The West Indies Cricket team comprises players from these nations. 'Century' and 'One Day International' are terms associated with cricket and not football or hockey
5.
'Virat Kohli scores a magnificent century against the West Indies team in the 4th One Day International.' - How can you describe Virat Kohli's performance in the match?
Very bad.
Very indifferent.
Terrible.
Excellent.
Scoring a century in a cricket match is considered to be an excellent performance by the batsman and the use of the adjective 'magnificent' indicates that the performance is excellent. Note that 'excellent' is a synonym of 'magnificent'
6.
'Virat Kohli scores a magnificent century against the West Indies team in the 4th One Day International.' - To which team does Virat Kohli belong?
A team that plays against West Indies.
India.
West Indies.
England.
From the information available in the sentence Virat Kohli is playing for a team that is playing against the West Indies. It is not possible to identify the team to which Virat Kohli belongs from the information given in the sentence
7.
What is the meaning of the word in capitals in the sentence - 'New industrial policy will SPUR growth'?
To stay in one place.
Anything that slows down.
Anything that pushes or urges into action.
To box.
The new industrial policy will help growth. 'Spur' is a word that features in idioms - 'on the spur of the moment', 'his team has not won its spurs yet.' Spurs were metal spikes worn by knights in the middle ages and used to hurt their horse in order to hurry it on
8.
What is the meaning of the word in capitals in the sentence - 'Prime Minister Modi wants the Indian Army to focus on UPGRADING technical skills'?
To not learn new skills.
To improve upon an existing condition.
To lower quality.
To abandon an existing process.
You have heard of upgrading your computer, which means that you want a computer that is faster and can do many more things
9.
What is the meaning of the words in capitals in the sentence - 'His job may be in JEOPARDY if he were to take long leave'?
A Japanese trick.
Pardon.
Jubilant.
Risk getting injured or harmed or losing something.
If you take long leave from your existing job you run the risk of losing your job
10.
What is the meaning of the words in capitals in the sentence - 'She was an EXCEPTIONALLY bright child who had a remarkable memory'?
More than usual, extra special.
Ordinary.
Foolish.
Can't remember.
Probably because she had a remarkable memory, she was an exceptional child
Author:  V T Narendra

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