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Reading Comprehension 04
The beautiful port city of Incheon in South Korea.

Reading Comprehension 04

Comprehension means a lot of things to a lot of people. Generally it means to understand, and reading comprehension means to understand written text.

Written text can be fiction but most of it is factual, such as 'India’s capital is New-Delhi' or 'the height of Mount Everest is 29,029 feet above sea level.' Generally, factual information given in a text is easy to understand. The reason why it is easy to understand is simply because it is a fact. Would there be any doubts as to whether New-Delhi is the capital of India or not? In our daily lives we are confronted with facts and, if we want to make our lives as easy as possible, it is important that we can understand the facts that are written.

If you were to travel to another city and you were using the train, bus or plane to travel, then you would need factual information on the time-tables of the services so that you could make your decision to travel at what time, in what class and so on. You may ask what if I travel by my own car? Then, too, you would need factual information on the best road to take, how much distance to travel, how much time it would take and so on. Such information could be provided by a road map or atlas and it would contain the factual information but you would need to comprehend what is given in the map or atlas.

Another facet of factual text is that you can draw inferences from facts given in the text which are also factual. If you watch the news on TV or read a newspaper you are faced with factual information. Even the information given to you by your teacher is factual information and you cannot afford to make mistakes in understanding it.

Read the text describing a sports event that follows and see how many of the facts you can recall correctly in the quiz afterwards.

The XVII Asiad, the Asian Games for countries belonging to the Asian continent, was held in the beautiful port city of Incheon in South Korea between September 19 and October 4, 2014. In all, 36 sports categories were represented and 439 events held. Incheon provided 49 competition venues for holding the different events. China was the country which won the highest number of gold medals with South Korea in second place, followed by Japan in third. India was placed in the eighth position ahead of Chinese Taipei and behind North Korea.
1.
Incheon can be described as what?
A port city.
A village.
A rich city.
A poor city.
The text clearly indicates that Incheon is a 'port city'
2.
The XVII Asiad was held for how long?
For two weeks.
For two weeks and four days.
For two weeks and two days.
For two weeks and three days.
September 19 - October 4 is seventeen days, or two weeks and three days. Note that September is a month with 30 days
3.
For which countries are the Asian Games held?
All countries of the world.
All countries in the Asian Continent.
All countries with only port cities.
The countries of China, South Korea, Japan, North Korea, India and Chinese Taipei.
The Asian Games is meant for countries belonging to the Asian continent and is similar to Olympic Games, which is meant for all countries of the world, including countries belonging to Asia
4.
XVII Asiad had how many sports categories?
Thirty-five sports categories.
Two-dozen sports categories.
Three-dozen sports categories.
Thirty-seven sports categories.
The text says 36 sports categories. A dozen is equal to 12, so 36 is three-dozen
5.
Which country won the third highest number of gold medals?
China.
Chinese Taipei.
South Korea.
Japan.
The text mentions that South Korea is in second place followed by Japan In third
6.
Which country was placed in the 9th position in terms of number of gold medals won?
Chinese Taipei.
North Korea.
India.
Japan.
The text mentions that India is ahead of Chinese Taipei and since India is in 8th position, Chinese Taipei has to be in 9th position
7.
Which country was placed in the 7th position in terms of number of gold medals won?
India.
Chinese Taipei.
North Korea.
Japan.
The text mentions that India is behind North Korea and since India is in 8th position, North Korea has to be in 7th position
8.
If one gold medal is awarded to the winner of each event how many gold medals were on offer in the XVII Asiad?
49 gold medals.
439 gold medals.
36 gold medals.
19 gold medals.
The text indicates 439 events and hence 439 gold medals were on offer
9.
In how many competition venues were the events held?
19 venues.
439 venues.
36 venues.
49 venues.
The text indicated 49 competition venues
10.
What does "XVII Asiad" mean?
17th Asiad.
18th Asiad.
16th Asiad.
15th Asiad.
XVII is in Roman numerals and means '17' in Arabic numerals
Author:  V T Narendra

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