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Sentences 1 - Types of Sentences
"What a time I had at the amusement park!" is an example of an exclamatory sentence.

Sentences 1 - Types of Sentences

You may have learnt about the eight parts of speech which are vital to understanding English. These comprise thousands of words that are used by those who understand the language. These words are used in sentences which form units of communication. A group of sentences constitute a paragraph and a group of paragraphs form a passage. Words are used in a variety of combinations in sentences structured in a manner that helps to communicate something meaningful which can be understood by people who can read, speak and write English.

Sentences are broadly divided into four kinds – Assertive, Interrogative, Exclamatory and Imperative. Here are the differences between them:

An assertive sentence, also called a declarative sentence, makes a statement. An example of an assertive sentence is ‘Anamika visits her grandmother during the holidays.’ As you can see the sentence simply makes a statement.

An interrogative sentence asks a question. An example of an interrogative sentence is ‘Will you come to the movie with me?’ As you can see a question is being asked.

An exclamatory sentence expresses strong feeling. An example of an exclamatory sentence is ‘Did you see ‘Titanic,’ what a great movie it is!’ Here, an exclamation is made about a movie.

An Imperative sentence makes a request or gives a command. An example of an imperative sentence that makes a request is ‘Please help me with my Science homework.’ In this sentence a request is being made. An example of an imperative sentence that is a command is ‘Go stand in the corner, you are being punished.’ In this sentence a command is being given.

Depending on what you want to communicate sentences can be among the four types discussed. Also, punctuation is important and a sentence is correct only if the first word starts with a capital letter and that a sentence is ended with an appropriate punctuation mark - full stop, question mark, quotation marks or exclamation mark and if the proper noun uses a capital for its first letter irrespective of its position in a sentence. Take this quiz to understand the nuances of sentences.

1.
"What a time I had at the amusement park!" - Choose the kind of sentence this is from the four options given.
Assertive/Declarative
Exclamatory
Imperative
Interrogative
The sentence is an exclamatory sentence as it expresses the quality of time spent at the amusement park. Note that the sentence starts with a word written with its first letter in capitals and the sentence ends with an exclamation mark
2.
Identify the correct sentence from the four options given.
New-Delhi is the capital of India!
new-delhi is the capital of India.
New-Delhi is the capital of India?
New-Delhi is the capital of India.
The sentence makes a statement and hence is an assertive/declarative sentence. Answer 1 ends with an exclamation mark - wrong ending for an assertive sentence. Answer 2 does not start with the first word's first letter in capitals. Answer 3 ends with a question mark which is the wrong ending for an assertive sentence
3.
"Govind teaches at the high school." - Choose the kind of sentence this is from the four options given.
Assertive/Declarative
Exclamatory
Imperative
Interrogative
The sentence make a statement and hence is an assertive/declarative sentence. Note that the sentence starts with a word written with its first letter in capitals and the sentence ends with a full stop
4.
Identify the correct sentence from the four options given.
Please come to the book store with me!
Why are you not coming to the bookstore with me.
Please come to the bookstore with me.
please come to the bookstore with me.
The sentence makes a request and hence is an imperative sentence. Answer 1 does not express a feeling so the exclamation mark is misplaced. Answer 2 would have been correct if it ended with a question mark. Answer 4 would also have been correct if the first word began with a capital letter
5.
Identify the correct sentence from the four options given.
I love it!
i love it!
I love it
I Love it.
The sentence is an exclamatory sentence as it is one of expression. Answer 2 does not start with the first word's first letter in capitals. Answer 3 does not end with an exclamation mark and answer 4 has the verb word beginning with a capital letter!
6.
"Take this pen and hand it over to the teacher." - Choose the kind of sentence this is from the four options given.
Assertive/Declarative
Exclamatory
Imperative
Interrogative
The sentence gives a command and hence is an imperative sentence. It is possible that some imperative sentences may end with an exclamation mark. For instance, "Get out!" is an imperative sentence which ends in an exclamation mark
7.
"'Grandfather's Private Zoo' is a charming book by Ruskin Bond." - Choose the kind of sentence this is from the four options given.
Assertive/Declarative
Exclamatory
Imperative
Interrogative
The sentence make a statement and hence is an assertive/declarative sentence
8.
"I doubt if I'll pass the exam." - Choose the kind of sentence this is from the four options given.
Assertive/Declarative
Exclamatory
Imperative
Interrogative
The sentence makes a statement and hence is an assertive/declarative sentence. Though the sentence appears to have a question in it, it is not a an interrogative sentence because the question is an indirect one
9.
Identify the correct sentence from the four options given.
Take this book and return it to the proper shelf
Take this book and return it to the proper shelf.
take this book and return it to the proper shelf.
Take this book and return it to the proper shelf!
The sentence gives a command and hence is an imperative sentence. Answer 1 does not end in a full stop and answer 3 does not start with the first word's first letter in capitals. Answer 4 ends in an exclamation mark which is the wrong ending for an imperative sentence
10.
"Please come to the supermarket with me." - Choose the kind of sentence this is from the four options given.
Assertive/Declarative
Exclamatory
Imperative
Interrogative
The sentence makes a request and hence is an imperative sentence. Note that the sentence starts with a word written with its first letter in capitals and the sentence ends with a full stop. Don't confuse this sentence with an interrogative sentence as it is not a question
Author:  V T Narendra

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