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Suffixes 1 - Choose the Suffix
Is this a scene of 'friendful', 'friendity', 'friendish' or 'friendship'?

Suffixes 1 - Choose the Suffix

In the quizzes on prefixes we learnt what happens to root words when a prefix is added at their beginning. Here, we learn about words which change character when we add some letters (or groups of letters) at their ends. These letters are known as SUFFIXES.

The adjective PRIVATE can be converted into the noun PRIVACY by changing its ending to ACY. The same word can also be converted into the verb PRIVATISE by changing its ending to ISE. Similarly, one can convert the noun MUSIC into the adjective MUSICAL by changing its ending to ICAL. ACY, ISE and ICAL are suffixes and they have meanings of their own which help to change the meaning of the word they are added to.

There are a number of suffixes that can be added to root words to change them into words belonging to other parts of speech. Words such as CARE can have two different suffixes added. CARE is a root word and it is a noun. By adding FUL it can be changed to CAREFUL, an adjective. By adding LESS it can be changed to CARELESS, also an adjective. Remember that CARE can also form words such as CARETAKER and CAREFREE, but they are not suffixed words. They are compound words formed from two other words. Another example is BOYISH, an adjective, formed by adding the suffix ISH to BOY and BOYHOOD, a noun, formed by adding suffix HOOD to BOY.

Some of the words discussed are words that are formed by just adding the suffixes without any change. Most often the meaning of the root word and the meaning of the suffix give a hint as to the meaning of the newly formed word. For instance, the suffix LY means 'for every' and when you make the word MONTHLY it means once a month or every month. Likewise, LY also means ‘like’ and when you make the word CHILDLIKE it means like a child. Take this quiz and learn more about suffixes.

1.
Which suffix could be added to the words FANCY and HARM?
ful
al
ist
ate
The root word 'fancy', a noun, is changed into 'fanciful', an adjective. The root word 'harm', a noun, is changed into 'harmful', an adjective. The suffix 'ful' means 'notable for'. Note that the word 'harmless' can also be formed
2.
Which suffix could be added to the words LAUGH and AGREE?
en
able
ment
ty
The root words 'laugh' and 'agree', both verbs, are changed into 'laughable' and 'agreeable', both adjectives. The suffix 'able' means 'capable of being'. Note that the word 'agreement' can also be formed but 'laughment' can not
3.
Which suffix could be added to the words TRAIN and CRICKET?
er
fy
less
ment
The root word 'train', a verb, is changed into 'trainer', a noun. The root word 'cricket', a noun, is chaged into 'cricketer', another noun. The suffix 'er' means 'one who'
4.
Which suffix could be added to the words HOUR and COWARD?
ment
fy
ly
ity
The root words 'hour' and 'coward', both nouns, are changed into 'hourly' and 'cowardly', both adjectives. The suffix 'ly' means 'for every' in the case of 'hour' and 'like' in the case of coward
5.
Which suffix could be added to the words NATION and REGION?
able
ship
al
ism
The root words 'nation' and 'region', both nouns, are changed into 'national' and 'regional', both adjectives. The suffix 'al' means 'pertaining to'
6.
Which suffix could be added to the words CHILD and WIND?
ate
ive
ment
less
The root words 'child' and 'wind', both nouns, are changed into the adjectives 'childless' and 'windless'. The suffix 'less' means 'without'. Note that 'childhood', 'childish' and 'windy' can also be formed
7.
Which suffix could be added to the words ELECTRIC and INTENSE?
able
ship
en
ify
The root word 'electric', an adjective, is changed into 'electrify', a verb. The root word 'intense', a noun, is changed into 'intensify', a verb. The suffix 'ify' means 'make' or 'become'. Note that the words 'electricity' and 'intensity' can also be formed
8.
Which suffix could be added to the words ARGUE and TREAT?
ful
ish
ment
fy
The root words 'argue' and 'treat', both verbs, are changed into 'argument' and 'treatment', both nouns. The suffix 'ment' means 'condition of'
9.
Which suffix could be added to the words FELLOW and FRIEND?
ful
ity
ish
ship
The root words 'fellow' and 'friend', both nouns, are changed into 'fellowship' and 'friendship', still both nouns. The suffix 'ship' means 'position held'. Note that the adjective 'friendly' can also be formed
10.
Which suffix could be added to the words CHILD and FIEND?
ity
ish
fy
ism
The root words 'child' and 'fiend' are nouns and they are changed into 'childish' and 'fiendish', both adjectives. The suffix 'ish' means having the quality of. Note that the word 'childhood' can also be formed
Author:  V T Narendra

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