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Verbs 01 - Choose the Verbs
His dog is sleeping on the mat.

Verbs 01 - Choose the Verbs

Eight parts of speech define the English language, one of which is the Verb. Two essential parts of speech that a sentence cannot do without are Verbs and Nouns. For instance, “Mustaq studies” is a complete sentence on its own and it contains just a noun and a verb where 'Mustaq' is the noun and 'studies' is the verb. Here 'studies' is called an action verb.

Verbs are ‘doing’ or ‘action’ words that tell us what persons or things do. Verbs can be of different types and classifications such as Main Verbs, Helping or Auxiliary Verbs, Transitive and Intransitive Verbs and Regular and Irregular Verbs. Verbs can be confusing as they appear in every conceivable form. However, there are rules and conventions to be followed and if you learn them it is easy to understand verbs.

The way to identify a verb is to ask what the subject is doing. For instance, look at the sentence ‘the child rode.’ Here, when we ask the question ‘what is the child doing,’ we get the answer ‘rode’. Rode is the verb and it is called an action verb. In this example, the verb is also called an intransitive verb because when you ask the question ‘what is the child riding’ the sentence does not contain an answer. However, if the sentence were ‘the child rode the bicycle’, then in this case ‘rode’ becomes a transitive verb.

Verbs are a vast category of words and there are many rules and conventions to be followed. Verbs referring to a state in which the subject is found are called stative verbs. There are verbs which are known as linking verbs, which link the subject of the verb with additional information about the subject, without expressing action. There are verbs which are known as dynamic verbs which describe an actual action and verbs such as finite verb which has a subject, can stand alone and can be used as the main verb. Finite verb also displays tense and number. In the quizzes that follow you will learn about these verbs and maybe reduce your confusion.

1.
Choose the verb in the following sentence from the four options given - "His dog is sleeping on the mat."
Sleeping
Mat
His
Dog
You can identify a verb by asking the question 'what is the subject doing?'. Here the subject is 'dog' and to the question 'what is the dog doing?', you get the answer 'sleeping'. Here 'Sleeping' is referred to as an action verb
2.
Choose the verb in the following sentence from the four options given - "Parminder was washing the car."
The
Washing
Car
Parminder
'Washing' is the action verb and 'Parminder' is the subject. Also, you can ask a question 'what is Parminder (subject) washing?' and you get the answer 'car'. Here 'car' becomes the object and in such cases the action verb is called a transitive verb. If there is no answer for the question, then the verb is called an intransitive verb
3.
Choose the verb in the following sentence from the four options given - "Between the two types of jams, I prefer the strawberry."
Types
Jams
Prefer
The
Here 'prefer' is the verb and in the context of the sentence the verb is a stative verb. Stative verbs refer to the state or situation of the subject. Here the subject 'I' prefers a particular type of jam
4.
Choose the verb in the following sentence from the four options given - "I felt relieved and every part of my body felt that relief."
Body
Felt
Every
The
Here you see 'felt' appear twice. In the first part, 'felt' is known as a linking verb. The linking verb as the name suggests links the subject of the verb with additional information about the subject, without expressing action. In the second part 'felt' is an action verb. A simple way to find out linking words in a sentence is to replace the verb by ‘is', 'am' or 'are’ and if the sentence still makes sense, then the word is a linking verb. 'I felt relieved' is replaced by 'I am relieved' and the sentence makes sense. In the second part 'my body felt that relief' is replaced by 'my body am that relief' which does not make sense. Hence, in the second part 'felt' is an action verb
5.
Choose the verb in the following sentence from the four options given - "She sells cosmetics in the cosmetics section of the supermarket."
Sells
She
Cosmetics
Supermarket
Here the verb describes the actual action of the subject 'she' and hence such verbs are known as dynamic verbs. The same verb can be of many types depending on its relation to the subject or object
6.
Choose the verb in the following sentence from the four options given - "He scratched the match stick."
Scratched
The
Match
He
'Scratched' is the verb and is known as a finite verb. A finite verb is one which has a subject, can stand alone and can be used as the main verb. Finite verbs also display tense and number
7.
Choose the verb in the following sentence from the four options given - "He is scratching the match stick."
He
The
Match
Scratching
'Scratching' is the verb and is known as the non-finite verb. A non-finite verb does not display tense or number and it cannot be used as a main verb. Note that 'scratching' cannot be used as a stand alone verb and hence 'is' becomes the finite verb. However, if the sentence were to read 'he scratched the match stick', then 'scratched' would become a finite verb
8.
Choose the verb in the following sentence from the four options given - "His dog is sleeping on the mat."
His
Is
Mat
Dog
Although 'sleeping' is also a verb, 'is' is the main or finite verb. Note that 'sleeping' cannot stand on its own and it is a non-finite verb
9.
Choose the verb in the following sentence from the four options given - "Parminder was washing the car."
Parminder
car
Was
The
Although 'washing' is also a verb (as shown in question 2), 'was' is the main or finite verb. Note that 'washing' cannot stand on its own and it is a non-finite verb
10.
Choose the verb in the following sentence from the four options given - "I am going to the seaside today."
Am
Seaside
I
Today
Although 'going' is also a verb, 'am' is the main or finite verb. Note that 'going' cannot stand on its own and it is a non-finite verb
Author:  V T Narendra

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