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Verbs 06 - Active and Passive Verbs
The book will be written by the author by the end of February.

Verbs 06 - Active and Passive Verbs

We have learnt that nouns and verbs, as vital parts of speech, are necessary to form sentences. If nouns name persons or things, verbs show action. Sentences have objects and subjects, and can be active or passive. But what is the difference? Let's find out!

An active sentence is formed when the subject does an action and the object receives it. A passive sentence differs in that the subject receives the action rather than performs it. Active and passive verb forms help in giving emphasis to the subject or object. Let's examine the following sentence:

'The maid washes the dishes.’ Here ‘the maid’ is the subject performing the action, ‘washes’ is the verb and ‘the dishes’ is the object receiving the action. Here, the subject is performing the action and hence the sentence is an active sentence. Now let's look at this sentence:

'The dishes are washed by the maid.’ Here ‘the dishes’ become the subject on whom action is performed and so the same information has been given but in a passive sentence.

Just as we saw in the previous quizzes, some changes are to be done to sentences while converting from active to passive and vice versa. In the example with the dishes and maid we notice that the word BY has been introduced in the passive sentence. A passive sentence is usually formed by an action being performed on the subject and adding the word BY to signify who is performing the action. You can often recognise a passive sentence by the appearance of BY.

When verbs are involved can tenses be far away? Sentences undergo changes when we look at active and passive forms. Since there are several forms such as Simple Past, Simple Present and Simple Future (will/going to) forms we need to understand what changes need to be made to convert sentences from active to passive and vice versa. One simple rule to follow is that the form should remain the same in both voices and the appropriate changes to the verb have to be made.

This quiz shows active and passive verb forms in action. Have a go and see how well you know active and passive verbs.

1.
Choose the correct passive form of the sentence - "She and her mother cook the food" - from the four options given.
The food is cook by her and her mother.
The food is cooking by her and her mother.
The food is cooked by her and her mother.
The food is cooks by her and her mother.
Since the active form is in the simple present form, the passive form should also be in the simple present form. 'Cook' in active becomes 'is cooked' in passive. Note that though the subject is plural the object is singular and hence 'is cooked' is used rather than 'were cooked'. Also note that 'cook' is a regular verb
2.
Choose the correct active form of the sentence - "The presents were accepted by him" - from the four options given.
He accepted the presents.
He accepts the presents.
He accepting the presents.
He accept the presents.
Since the passive form is in the simple past form, the active form should also be in the simple past form. 'Were accepted' in passive becomes 'accepted' in active. Note both subject and object are plural and that 'accept' is a regular verb
3.
Choose the correct passive form of the sentence - "Balu washes the car" - from the four options given.
The car is washed by Balu.
The car is washes by Balu.
The car was washed by Balu.
The car was washes by Balu.
Since the active form is in the simple present form, the passive form should also be in the simple present form. 'Washes' in active becomes 'is washed' in passive. Note that both subject and object are singular and 'wash' is a regular verb
4.
Choose the correct active form of the sentence - "The shirt is stitched by the tailor" - from the four options given.
The tailor stitches the shirt.
The tailor stitch the shirt.
The tailor stitched the shirt.
The tailor stitching the shirt.
Since the passive form is in the simple present form, the active form should also be in the simple present form. 'Is stitched' in passive becomes 'stitches' in active. Note both subject and object are singular and that 'stitch' is a regular verb
5.
Choose the correct active form of the sentence - "A platinum ring is going to be bought for me by my father" - from the four options given.
My father is going to buys me a platinum ring.
My father are going to buy me a platinum ring.
My father is going to buyed me a platinum ring.
My father is going to buy me a platinum ring.
Since the passive form is in the simple future form, the active form should also be in the simple future form. 'Is going to be bought' in passive becomes 'is going to buy' in active. Note both subject and object are singular and that 'buy' is an irregular verb
6.
Choose the correct passive form of the sentence - "She is going to present me a beautiful watch" - from the four options given.
A beautiful watch are going to be presented to me by her.
A beautiful watch is going to be present to me by her.
A beautiful watch is going to be presents to me by her.
A beautiful watch is going to be presented to me by her.
Since the active form is in the simple future form, the passive form should also be in the simple future form. 'Is going to present' in active becomes 'is going to be presented' in passive. Note that both subject and object are singular and 'present' is a regular verb
7.
Choose the correct active form of the sentence - "The buses are repaired by the mechanics" - from the four options given.
Mechanics repairs the buses.
Mechanics repaired the buses.
Mechanics repairing the buses.
Mechanics repair the buses.
Since the passive form is in the simple present form, the active form should also be in the simple present form. 'Are repaired' in passive becomes 'repair' in active. Note both subject and object are plural and that 'repair' is a regular verb
8.
Choose the correct passive form of the sentence - "He cleaned the car" - from the four options given.
The car is cleaned by him.
The car was cleaned by him.
The car was cleans by him.
The car is cleans by him.
Since the active form is in the simple past form, the passive form should also be in the simple past form. 'Cleaned' in active becomess 'was cleaned' in passive. Note that both subject and object are singular and 'clean' is a regular verb
9.
Choose the correct passive form of the sentence - "The carpenter will finish the work by Monday" - from the four options given.
The work will finish by the carpenter by Monday.
The work will be finish by the carpenter by Monday.
The work will be finished by the carpenter by Monday.
The work will finished by the carpenter by Monday.
Since the active form is in the simple future form, the passive form should also be in the simple future form. 'Will finish' in active becomess 'will be finished' in passive. Note that both subject and object are singular and 'finish' is a regular verb
10.
Choose the correct active form of the sentence - "The book will be written by the author by the end of February" - from the four options given.
The author will writed the book by the end of February.
The author will written the book by the end of February.
The author will write the book by the end of February.
The author will writes the book by the end of February.
Since the passive form is in the simple future form, the active form should also be in the simple future form. 'Will be written' in passive becomes 'will write' in active. Note both subject and object are singular and that 'write' is an irregular verb
Author:  V T Narendra

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