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Verbs 07 - Active and Passive Verbs
What is the correct active form of the sentence - "The guitar is being played by the boy at this moment"?

Verbs 07 - Active and Passive Verbs

In the previous quiz we were introduced to active and passive verbs and we learnt how to convert an active sentence into a passive sentence. We also saw that several changes need to be made to the sentences to convert them. The verbs also undergo change and another word is usually added when converting from active to passive voice. We also learnt that tenses assume importance and the verbs change according to the different forms. In this quiz we look at other tense forms - Present Continuous, Past Continuous, Future Continuous (will) and Present Perfect.

Have a look at these examples:

In the present continuous tense -
Active - ‘The mechanic IS REPAIRING the car.’
Passive - ‘The car IS BEING REPAIRED by the mechanic.’

In the present perfect tense -
Active - ‘Ants HAVE EATEN the sweets in the bowl.’
Passive - ‘The sweets in the bowl HAVE BEEN EATEN by ants.’

In the past continuous tense -
Active - ‘The nephews WERE ASSISTING the uncle to dress.’
Passive - 'The uncle WAS ASSISTED by the nephews to dress.’.

Note in the examples above how the verbs have changed. Note also that in both active and passive voices the tense remains the same. Also, the verbs have changed depending on whether they are regular verbs or irregular verbs. Similarly, the auxiliary verb has changed depending on the singular or plural form.

In the mechanic-car example both the subject and object are singular and hence the verb used is IS. In the ants-sweets example both the subject and object are plural and hence the verb used is HAVE. In the nephew-uncle example the subject is plural and the object is singular and hence the appropriate verbs WERE and WAS are used.

Take the quiz to learn about active and passive forms of verbs in the Present Continuous, Past Continuous, Future Continuous (will) and Present Perfect tense forms.

1.
Choose the correct active form of the sentence - "The students will have been sent home by the headmaster" - from the four options given.
The headmaster will have sent the students home.
The headmaster will has sent the students home.
The headmaster will had sent the students home.
The headmaster will have send the students home.
Since the passive form of the sentence is in the future perfect tense, the active form should also be in the future perfect tense. 'Will have been sent' in passive becomes 'will have sent' in active. Note that 'send' is an irregular verb
2.
Choose the correct active form of the sentence - "The painting had been bid for by the art lover at the auction" - from the four options given.
The art lover had bided for the painting at the auction.
The art lover has bid for the painting at the auction.
The art lover have bid for the painting at the auction.
The art lover had bid for the painting at the auction.
Since the passive form of the sentence is in the past perfect tense, the active form should also be in the past perfect tense. 'Had been bid' in passive becomes 'had bid' in active. Note that 'bid' is an irregular verb
3.
Choose the correct passive form of the sentence - "The cook was helping the chef to prepare the meal" - from the four options given.
The chef is being helped by the cook to prepare the meal.
The chef was being help by the cook to prepare the meal.
The chef was being helped by the cook to prepare the meal.
The chef was being helps by the cook to prepare the meal.
Since the active form of the sentence is in the past continuous tense, the passive form should also be in the past continuous tense. 'Was helping' in active becomes 'was being helped' in passive. Note that subject and object are singular and hence in the passive voice 'was' is used. Also note that 'help' is a regular verb
4.
Choose the correct passive form of the sentence - "I can see Sukanya is inserting the letter into the post box" - from the four options given.
I can see the letter is being inserted into the post box by Sukanya.
I can see the letter are being inserted into the post box by Sukanya.
I can see the letter is being insert into the post box by Sukanya.
I can see the letter is being inserts into the post box by Sukanya.
Since the active form of the sentence is in the present continuous tense, the passive form should also be in the present continuous tense. 'Is inserting' in active becomes 'is being inserted' in passive. Note that subject and object are singular and hence in the passive 'is' is used rather than 'are'. Also note that 'insert' is a regular verb
5.
Choose the correct active form of the sentence - "The high security secret location has been blasted by bombs" - from the four options given.
Bombs have blast the high security secret location.
Bombs have blasts the high security secret location.
Bombs have blasted the high security secret location.
Bombs has blasted the high security secret location.
Since the passive form of the sentence is in the present perfect tense, the active form should also be in the present perfect tense. 'Has been blasted' in passive becomes 'have blasted' in active. Note that subject is plural and object is singular. Also note that 'blast' is a regular verb
6.
Choose the correct passive form of the sentence - "Many children have visited the planetarium" - from the four options given.
The planetarium has been visit by many children.
The planetarium has been visited by many children.
The planetarium is been visited by many children.
The planetarium has been visits by many children.
Since the active form of the sentence is in the present perfect tense, the passive form should also be in the present perfect tense. 'Have visited' in active becomes 'has been visited' in passive. Note that subject and object are singular. Also note that 'visit' is a regular verb
7.
Choose the correct active form of the sentence - "The patient was being seen by the doctor" - from the four options given.
The doctor was see the patient.
The doctor was seeing the patient.
The doctor was seen the patient.
The doctor is seeing the patient.
Since the passive form of the sentence is in the past continuous tense, the active form should also be in the past continuous tense. 'Was being seen' in passive becomes 'was seeing' in active. Note that subject and object are singular. Also note that 'see' is an irregular verb
8.
Choose the correct passive form of the sentence - "The mason had completed construction of many houses before he began mine" - from the four options given.
Construction of many houses had been completed by the mason before he began mine.
Construction of many houses had been complete by the mason before he began mine.
Construction of many houses had been completes by the mason before he began mine.
Construction of many houses has been completed by the mason before he began mine.
Since the active form of the sentence is in the past perfect tense, the passive form should also be in the past perfect tense. 'Had completed' in active becomes 'had been completed' in passive. Note that 'complete' is a regular verb
9.
Choose the correct active form of the sentence - "The guitar is being played by the boy at this moment" - from the four options given.
At this moment the boy is plays the guitar.
At this moment the boy is played the guitar.
At this moment the boy is play the guitar.
At this moment the boy is playing the guitar.
Since the passive form of the sentence is in the present continuous tense, the active form should also be in the present continuous tense. 'Is being played' in passive becomes 'is playing' in active. Note that subject and object are singular. Also note that 'play' is a regular verb
10.
Choose the correct passive form of the sentence - "They will have bought the car by now" - from the four options given.
The car will has been bought by them by now.
The car will have been bought by them by now.
The car will had been bought by them by now.
The car is have been bought by them by now.
Since the active form of the sentence is in the future perfect tense, the passive form should also be in the future perfect tense. 'Will have bought' in active becomes 'will have been bought' in passive. Note that subject is plural and object is singular. Also note that 'buy' is an irregular verb
Author:  V T Narendra

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