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Verbs 11 - Phrasal Verbs
His uncle often NODS OFF in front of the television.

Verbs 11 - Phrasal Verbs

The foundation of English rests on the hundreds of words that have a definite role to play in communication. A verb and a noun are essential parts of sentences, which form the basic unit of communication. Adverbs and prepositions are parts of speech that play a specific role in English. We have seen how adjectives modify nouns. An adverb modifies a verb and it communicates much more meaning than just a verb. A preposition is a word that is used before a noun and it helps describe a relationship between other words in a sentence. A noun or a verb by themselves have some meaning and carry more meaning when used in a sentence. Similarly adverbs and prepositions by themselves do not mean much but they can be exceptional when used in sentences. Phrasal verbs are expressions that comprise a combination of a verb and either a preposition or an adverb. Phrasal verbs provide different meanings to the original verb they are formed from.

In the sentence ‘His uncle often NODS OFF in front of the television,’ NODS OFF is a phrasal verb and it means 'to fall asleep'.

The sentences ‘Anamika can DEPEND ON Mustaq’ and ‘Anamika can TAKE ON Trupti’ are sentences containing phrasal verbs. In the first sentence it is clear that if required Anamika can get the support of Mustaq. In the second sentence Anamika can confront Trupti if it comes to that. In both sentences you will notice ON is the word tagged on to the verb. In the first sentence ON is used as a preposition and in the second sentence it is used as an adverb. Thus, you can see that phrasal verbs impart much more meaning to sentences.

Phrasal verbs are seldom used in formal English and are more often heard in spoken English and informal situations. Take this quiz and test your knowledge of phrasal verbs.

1.
"The house is --- fire." Fill up the blank by choosing the correct phrasal verb from the four options.
Indulged in
Kept on
Joined up
Insured against
'Insured against' means 'provided for unexpected eventualities'. Can you make sentences with the phrasal verbs given in the other options?
2.
"The police finally --- the main suspect." Fill up the blank by choosing the correct phrasal verb from the four options.
Tracked down
Picked on
Threw up
Turned away
'Tracked down' means 'found someone or something by following clues'. Can you make sentences with the phrasal verbs given in the other options?
3.
"Lakshmi nearly --- when she saw the pattern on her dress. It was a disaster!" - Fill up the blank by choosing the correct phrasal verb from the four options.
Fell behind
Figured out
Explained away
Freaked out
'Freaked out' means 'panicked' or 'became eccentric'. Can you make sentences with the phrasal verbs given in the other options?
4.
"How I --- the exam is a mystery!" Fill up the blank by choosing the correct phrasal verb from the four options.
Slept over
Relied on
Signed away
Scraped through
'Scraped through' means 'just made the finishing line'. Can you make sentences with the phrasal verbs given in the other options?
5.
"If you want to stay at this school, you must --- the rules." - Fill up the blank by choosing the correct phrasal verb from the four options.
Abide by
Angle at
Avail of
Answer back
'Abide by' means 'to obey or respect' rules. Can you make sentences with the phrasal verbs given in the other options?
6.
"The interview was more difficult than he had ---." Fill up the blank by choosing the correct phrasal verb from the four options.
Banded together
Bumped into
Bargained for
Burned out
'Bargained for' means 'expected'. Can you make sentences with the phrasal verbs given in the other options?
7.
"The candidate --- as a dynamic person during the interview." Fill up the blank by choosing the correct phrasal verb from the four options.
Clammed up
Came across
Counted on
Crossed out
'Came across' means 'made an impression'. Can you make sentences with the phrasal verbs given in the other options?
8.
"The list of suspects has been --- to three people." Fill up the blank by choosing the correct phrasal verb from the four options.
Narrowed down
Named after
Made up
Moved out
'Narrowed down' means 'shortened a long list'. Can you make sentences with the phrasal verbs given in the other options?
9.
"Our sales have --- those of our rivals." - Fill up the blank by choosing the correct phrasal verb from the four options.
Dished out
Drifted apart
Dropped behind
Dispensed with
'Dropped behind' means 'fell back'. Can you make sentences with the phrasal verbs given in the other options?
10.
"I enjoy tennis but I'm so busy I had to --- of the tournament." Fill up the blank by choosing the correct phrasal verb from the four options.
Play up
Put through
Opt out
Own up
'Opt out' means 'to excuse oneself' or 'decide not to participate'. Can you make sentences with the phrasal verbs given in the other options?
Author:  V T Narendra

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