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Writing 6 - Paragraphs
Newspaper reports use paragraphs to make their stories easy to understand.

Writing 6 - Paragraphs

The paragraph is an important element in English, especially in written communication. A paragraph is a collection of sentences that explains or describes aspects of a single topic or thought. An article may contain many paragraphs arranged on the basis of distinctive thoughts and paragraphs are placed in a sequence that conveys the writer’s thoughts very well to the reader. Extremely well written paragraphs enhance the quality of writing.

The writer makes use of paragraphs to organise thoughts separately and place them into his work. The writer also links the paragraphs to one another so that the article makes sense and is easily understood by the reader. When an article or essay comprises more than one paragraph, it is useful to organise them either chronologically or in a sequence that is logical. While conveying these ideas connective words are very useful.

Good paragraphs always begin with introducing the main idea, developing the idea further with supporting points and also giving an indication as to what the next point will be. A passage or an article is conveying an overall message and the reader gets the message after reading the whole passage. In conveying the overall message the writer uses the paragraphs to place thoughts and ideas in them in support of the main message.

When a reader goes through a passage with disjointed paragraphs he gets confused, whereas in a passage with well coordinated paragraphs he gets the message clearly. Paragraphs are powerful tools that a writer can use to get across his message clearly and they must be used to maximum advantage.

Paragraphs have conventions and you will learn about them when you take this quiz.

1.
The main idea of a paragraph is introduced by what?
A collection of only adjectives.
A topic sentence.
A collection of only nouns.
A numerical beginning.
The topic sentence sets the tone for the main idea that is being described in the paragraph
2.
What does a newspaper report do?
Tells story in a logical sequence for readers to easily understand.
Gives only statistics.
Is only headlines.
Give a fictional account.
A newspaper report is published in the newspaper to inform the reader of an event or an incident or any other topic or subject. In doing so, the reader expects an organised report that places before the reader the information in a logical and chronological manner
3.
A paragraph can be defined as what?
A collection of sentences organised on the basis of a single thought or idea or subject.
A minimum of hundred words.
Writing that contains graphs.
A complete story or article or essay.
Paragraphs help the writer to put across his thoughts clearly and help the reader to understand the thoughts more easily. There can be many paragraphs in an article, essay or story
4.
How many paragraphs should an article have?
A minimum of ten.
At least five.
No more than four.
As many as there are separate thoughts that can be linked together.
An article is written to convey certain ideas or thoughts. The writer makes use of paragraphs to organise separate thoughts into paragraphs and links the paragraphs to one another so that the article makes sense and is easily understood by the reader
5.
The final paragraph of an article can begin with which of the following words?
Inadvertantly.
Beautifully.
Furthermore or secondly.
In conclusion or finally.
The final paragraph concludes the article and more often than not recaps all the points made in the article
6.
Which of the following can be used as connectives in an article or essay?
Opening, closing, in the middle.
Arguably, immediately, primarily.
Firstly, secondly, thirdly, furthermore, in conclusion.
Never, always, vehemently.
Paragraphs help to organise thoughts in a clear and understandable manner. When an article or essay comprises more than one paragraph, it is useful to organise them either chronologically or in a sequence that is logical. While conveying these ideas connective words are very useful
7.
Good paragraphs should do what?
Highlight the main idea.
Support the main idea.
Connect to the next point.
All of the above.
Good paragraphs always begin with introducing the main idea, developing the idea further with supporting points and also give an indication as to what the next point will be
8.
How many ideas should a paragraph contain?
Only one idea.
More than one idea.
Minimum of two ideas.
Maximum of four ideas.
There is no limit to the number of ideas in a paragraph as long as they are linked by some commonality
9.
'However', 'despite' and 'conversely' are all words that can be used where?
As the first word when you begin an article.
As the last word to end an article.
In a paragraph only once.
In a paragraph to show contrast or qualification.
These words are useful when a writer wants to qualify an idea or provide an opposite view
10.
Paragraphs that are coherent describe a writer's thoughts to be what?
Flowery.
Beautiful.
Logical.
Numerical.
A writer can write beautiful prose without making much sense. He could use flowery language or give only statistics. But, if he has to make sense to the reader then his thoughts must be logical and presented in a logical sequence
Author:  V T Narendra

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