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Grammar 01 - From Active to Passive Voice
"The TV was damaged by the technician." Can you change this sentence to a passive form?

Grammar 01 - From Active to Passive Voice

Read the two sentences that follow:

  1. "The master met the dog at the doorstep."
  2. "The dog was met at the doorstep by its master."

The first sentence is called an active sentence or a sentence in the active voice and the second sentence is called a passive sentence or a sentence in the passive voice. In the first sentence the master is in the subject position, also known as agent, and the dog is in the end position, also known as recipient. The roles are reversed in the second sentence where the dog is now in the subject position and the master is in the end position. Met is the action verb.

The main feature of an active sentence is that the subject of the sentence performs some action on someone or something. The main feature of a passive sentence is the subject is acted upon and emphasis is laid on the action rather than on the performer. Sentences in active voice are more direct whereas sentences in passive voice point more to the action rather than the person who performs the action. Usually, in the passive voice the performer is either not known or is insignificant.

Often, a sentence in the active voice can be changed to a sentence in the passive voice and vice versa. Obviously, some changes need to be made. While changing from active to passive voice, the subject is shifted to the end position and ‘by’ is inserted before it. The recipient of the action is shifted to subject position. The main verb is changed by adding an appropriate form of the verb ‘be’. You can see this being done in the second sentence in the examples above. Learn to convert sentences in active voice to sentences in passive voice by taking the following quiz.

1.
"The technician damaged the TV." - Choose the sentence with the correct passive voice.
The TV is being damaged by the technician.
The TV was being damaged by the technician.
The TV is damaged by the technician.
The TV was damaged by the technician.
Note 'technician' in subject position is shifted to end position in the passive voice and also 'TV' is shifted from end position to subject position. Note also the change in verb from 'damaged' to 'was damaged', retaining the tense and the use of 'by'
2.
"The servant was helping the master to clean the house." - Choose the sentence with the correct passive voice.
The master was helped by the servant to clean the house.
The master being helped by the servant to clean the house.
The master is being helped by the servant to clean the house.
The master was being helped by the servant to clean the house.
Note 'servant' in subject position is shifted to end position in the passive voice and also 'master' is shifted from end position to subject position. Note also the change in verb from 'was helping' to 'was being helped', retaining the tense and the use of 'by'
3.
"Lakshmi and her mother serve the food." - Choose the sentence with the correct passive voice.
The food is served by Lakshmi and her mother.
The food served by Lakshmi and her mother.
The food is being served by Lakshmi and her mother.
The food is serve by Lakshmi and her mother.
Note 'Lakshmi and her mother' in subject position is shifted to end position in the passive voice and also 'food' is shifted from end position to subject position. Note also the change in verb from 'serve' to 'is served', retaining the tense and the use of 'by'
4.
"The child will finish the homework by 8 PM." - Choose the sentence with the correct passive voice.
The homework is being finished by the child by 8 PM.
The homework will be finished by the child by 8 PM.
The homework is to be finished by the child by 8 PM.
The homework is being finish by the child by 8 PM.
Note 'child' in subject position is shifted to end position in the passive voice and also 'homework' is shifted from end position to subject position. Note also the change in verb from 'will finish' to 'will be finished', retaining the tense and the use of 'by'
5.
"Mustaq and Ayesha will have bought the house by now." - Choose the sentence with the correct passive voice.
The house have been bought by Mustaq and Ayesha.
The house will been bought by Mustaq and Ayesha.
The house will have been bought by Mustaq and Ayesha.
The house will have bought by Mustaq and Ayesha.
Note 'Mustaq and Ayesha' in subject position is shifted to end position in the passive voice and also 'house' is shifted from end position to subject position. Note also the change in verb from 'will have bought' to 'will have been bought', retaining the tense and the use of 'by'
6.
"Many salesmen have visited the market." - Choose the sentence with the correct passive voice.
The market has visited by many salesmen.
The market has been visited by many salesmen.
The market been visited by many salesmen.
The market is visited by many salesmen.
Note 'salesmen' in subject position is shifted to end position in the passive voice and also 'market' is shifted from end position to subject position. Note also the change in verb from 'have visited' to 'has been visited', retaining the tense and the use of 'by'
7.
"The farmer harvests the crop." - Choose the sentence with the correct passive voice.
The crop is harvested by the farmer.
The crop harvested by the farmer.
The crop is harvest by the farmer.
The crop harvest by the farmer.
Note 'farmer' in subject position is shifted to end position in the passive voice and also 'crop' is shifted from end position to subject position. Note also the change in verb from 'harvests' to 'is harvested', retaining the tense and the use of 'by'
8.
"I can see the dog is wagging its tail." - Choose the sentence with the correct passive voice.
I can see the tail is being wagged by the dog.
I can see the tail being wagged by the dog.
I can see the tail is wagged by the dog.
I can see the tail wagged by the dog.
Note 'dog' in subject position is shifted to end position in the passive voice and also 'tail' is shifted from end position to subject position. Note also the change in verb from 'is wagging' to 'is being wagged', retaining the tense and the use of 'by'
9.
"Prashant is going to present him with a sports car." - Choose the sentence with the correct passive voice.
A sports car is going to being presented to him by Prashant.
A sports car is going presented to him by Prashant.
A sports car is going to be presented to him by Prashant.
A sports car is to be presented to him by Prashant.
Note 'Prashant' in subject position is shifted to end position in the passive voice and also 'sports car' is shifted from end position to subject position. Note also the change in verb from 'is going to present' to 'is going to be presented', retaining the tense and the use of 'by'
10.
"The architect had completed the design of many houses before he began mine." - Choose the sentence with the correct passive voice.
The design of many houses had completed by the architect before he began mine.
The design of many houses been completed by the architect before he began mine.
The design of many houses has been completed by the architect before he began mine.
The design of many houses had been completed by the architect before he began mine.
Note 'architect' in subject position is shifted to end position in the passive voice and also 'many houses' is shifted from end position to subject position. Note also the change in verb from 'had completed' to 'has been completed', retaining the tense and the use of 'by'
Author:  V T Narendra

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