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Grammar 03 - Examples of Active and Passive Voices
"Fans have filled the stadium." Is this sentence in an active or a passive voice?

Grammar 03 - Examples of Active and Passive Voices

Consider the following sentences:

‘The guests were entertained by Arpana.’

‘Arpana entertained the guests’.

Do you see any difference in the two sentences? Are you able to grasp what the sentences are saying? It appears from both the sentences that a girl called Arpana entertained guests. Apparently, there is no loss of meaning in the sentences. Each of the sentences is giving the same meaning. The only difference one can make out is that Arpana is at the end of the first sentence and at the beginning of the second, and the word ‘by’ is missing from the second sentence, as is the word ‘were’. Actually, what you are witnessing is the sentences in PASSIVE voice and in ACTIVE voice.

When you want to lay stress on an action you could do so in either the active voice or the passive voice. In the active voice the SUBJECT PERFORMS the action and in the passive voice the SUBJECT of the verb is ACTED UPON. You can change from active voice to passive voice by following some simple rules:

The subject is shifted to the end position and ‘by’ is inserted before it.

The recipient of the action is shifted to subject position.

The main verb is changed by adding an appropriate form of the verb ‘be’.

You can clearly see these rules being followed in the example cited at the beginning of this paragraph. Though it sounds difficult to master, changing the voice is rather easy if you have learnt your earlier English lessons well. The quiz that follows helps you to understand better with examples of active and passive sentences.

1.
Which rearrangement of the following is a correct sentence? - Food, Raghav, And, His, Mother, Serve The
Raghav and his food serve the mother.
Raghav mother and his food serve the.
Raghav food and serve his mother the.
Raghav and his mother serve the food.
The sentence is in the active voice. In the passive voice, the sentence would be - "The food is served by Raghav and his mother"
2.
Which rearrangement of the following is a correct sentence? - The, Commissioned, New, Plant, Specialist, The
The specialist commissioned the new plant.
The new plant specialist commissioned the.
The commissioned specialist the new plant.
The commissioned new plant the specialist.
The sentence is in the active voice. In the passive voice, the sentence would be - "The new plant was commissioned by the specialist"
3.
Which rearrangement of the following is a correct sentence? - Many, Surveyed, Researchers, Have, The, Market
Many researchers have surveyed the market.
Many researchers market have surveyed the.
Many have surveyed the researchers market.
Many market have surveyed the researchers.
The sentence is in the active voice. In the passive voice, the sentence would be - "The market has been surveyed by many researchers"
4.
Which rearrangement of the following is a correct sentence? - The, Fans, Stadium, Filled, By, Has, Been
The fans stadium has been filled by.
The stadium fans has been filled by.
The stadium by fans has been filled.
The stadium has been filled by fans.
The sentence is in the passive voice. In the active voice, the sentence would be - "Fans have filled the stadium"
5.
Which rearrangement of the following is a correct sentence? - Sweet, Song, A, Is, Sung, By, Her
Sung a sweet song is by her.
A sweet song is sung by her.
A song sweet is sung by her.
A song is sung by her sweet.
The sentence is in the passive voice. In the active voice, the sentence would be - "She sings a sweet song"
6.
Which rearrangement of the following is a correct sentence? - A, Gold, Watch, Bought, Is, Going, To, Be, By, Her, Boyfriend, For, Lakshmi
A is going gold watch to be bought by her boyfriend for Lakshmi.
A Lakshmi boyfriend gold watch is bought going to be for by her.
A boyfriend gold watch Lakshmi is going to be bought for by her.
A gold watch is going to be bought for Lakshmi by her boyfriend.
The sentence is in the passive voice. In the active voice, the sentence would be - "Lakshmi's boyfriend is going to buy a gold watch for her"
7.
Which rearrangement of the following is a correct sentence - The, Wipro, Is, By, Made, Computer
The Wipro computer is made by.
The computer is Wipro made by.
The computer is made by Wipro.
The made by computer is Wipro.
The sentence is in the passive voice. In the active voice, the sentence would be - "Wipro makes the computer"
8.
Which rearrangement of the following words is a correct sentence? - Urvashi, Guests, The, Entertained, By, Were
The guests were entertained by Urvashi.
The Urvashi guests by were entertained.
The guests Urvashi entertained by were.
The were guests Urvashi entertained by.
The sentence is in the passive voice. In the active voice, the sentence would be - "Urvashi entertained the guests"
9.
Which rearrangement of the following is a correct sentence? - The, Boss, Secretary, Was, To, Clean, The, Desk, Helping, The
The secretary was helping the desk to clean the boss.
The helping secretary was the desk boss to clean the.
The secretary was helping the boss to clean the desk.
The secretary was the desk to clean the boss helping.
The sentence is in the active voice. In the passive voice, the sentence would be - "The boss was being helped by the secretary to clean the desk"
10.
Which rearrangement of the following is a correct sentence? - Prashant, An, SUV, Present, Is, Going, To, Him, With
Prashant is an SUV going to present him with.
Prashant is going to present him with an SUV.
Prashant going is present with an SUV to him.
Prashant is him going to present an SUV with.
The sentence is in the active voice. In the passive voice, the sentence would be - "An SUV is going to be presented to him by Prashant"
Author:  V T Narendra

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