Punctuation 02 - Commas
"My friend lives in the in the large green white and red house." - Where do the commas belong in this sentence?

Punctuation 02 - Commas

The English language has several punctuation marks that help people to communicate with one another effectively, especially in the written form. If you don’t follow the rules applicable to punctuation marks you could well be misunderstood. In written English, we use different parts of speech to string together sentences that make our words meaningful and able to be understood by the reader.

Among all the punctuation marks the most often used is the comma (,). The comma is very versatile and because of this it is also, probably, the most misused. A proper understanding of the comma will enhance your writing ability.

The comma is used in a variety of situations where a pause is warranted:

It is used to divide a sentence into separate elements or ideas within the sentence.

The comma is used to separate items in a series such as oranges, apples and pears.

The comma is used to separate adjectives.

The comma is used when you need to pause after an introductory clause.

When using a direct quotation a comma is placed before the quotation.

A comma is used to start a dialogue.

A comma is also used while introducing a sentence after words such as ‘hello’ or ‘why.'

Treat the comma well and it will help you to express yourself better. Take this quiz and learn more about comas.
1.
Choose the sentence with correct punctuation.
"Finish your homework before you sleep," said his mother.
"Finish your homework before you sleep" said his mother.
"Finish your homework before you sleep", said his mother.
"Finish your homework before you sleep,", said his mother.
A quotation by the mother has to be in between two quotation marks and a comma is placed just after the quotation. The comma is needed to separate the quotation from the person quoted, in this case the mother. Any punctuation mark in relation to the quotation has to be within the quotation marks
2.
Choose the sentence with correct punctuation.
My friend lives in the in the large, green, white and red house located near the school.
My friend lives in the in the large and green, white and red house located near the school.
My friend lives in the in the large, green, white, red house located near the school.
My friend lives in the in the large, green and white and red house located near the school.
When two or more adjectives are used, they are separated by a comma. Here 'large' is a different adjective to the colours and in the order of adjectives it precedes colour and we use a comma after 'large' to mark the difference. When two or more adjectives belong to the same group, as in the case of colours, they are separated by a comma with the use of 'and' before the last in the list
3.
Choose the sentence with correct punctuation.
My son, Avinash, was born on July 24, 1987, in Begaluru, Karnataka, India.
My son Avinash was born on July 24, 1987 in Begaluru, Karnataka, India.
My son, Avinash, was born on July 24 1987 in Begaluru, Karnataka, India.
My son, Avinash, was born on July 24, 1987 in Begaluru Karnataka, India.
A comma is used before and after the name of a person. A comma is also used after the date when the year is mentioned and to separate a city from a state and a state from the country
4.
Choose the sentence with correct punctuation.
Rafael Nadal said "No questions about my injury"
Rafael Nadal said, "No questions about my injury"
Rafael Nadal said, "No questions about my injury,"
Rafael Nadal said "No questions about my injury",
A quotation has to be in between two quotation marks and a comma is placed just before the beginning of the quotation. Punctuation marks in relation to the quotation have to be within the quotation marks
5.
"The house on the hill is ours, not theirs." - What is wrong with this punctuation?
The comma should be removed.
Comma should appear after 'hill'.
The punctuation is right.
The word 'house' should be between commas.
A comma is used when you describe parts of a sentence in contrast.
6.
Choose the sentence with correct punctuation.
You may, of course telephone me on Monday.
You may, of course, telephone me on Monday.
You may of course, telephone me on Monday.
You may of course telephone me on Monday.
Here, 'of course' interrupts the main sentence and hence needs to have a comma before and after it
7.
Choose the option with the correct punctuation.
Mustaq who is my assistant closed the shop's shutter. The chauffeur, sensing it was late, drove faster.
Mustaq, who is my assistant, closed the shop's shutter. The chauffeur, sensing it was late, drove faster.
Mustaq, who is my assistant, closed the shop's shutter. The chauffeur sensing it was late drove faster.
Mustaq who is my assistant closed the shop's shutter. The chauffeur sensing it was late drove faster.
Commas are used to separate phrases, clauses and words that unnecessarily creep into a sentence. Here, 'Mustaq closed the shop's shutter' is unnecessarily interrupted by 'who is my assistant.' Similarly, in the second sentence 'sensing it was late' interrupts unnecessarily and commas are used to isolate it
8.
"If you are not certain about them, let us know now."
"Let us know now if you are not sure about them." - Choose the correct statement in relation to the two sentences.
The first sentence is wrong and second sentence is right.
The first sentence is right and second sentence is wrong.
Both senences are wrong.
Both sentences are right.
A comma is used when starting a sentence with a dependent clause. However, when the sentence ends with a dependent clause following an independent clause, the comma is not needed
9.
Choose the correct form of greeting and signing off in a letter.
Dear Sir, --- With regards,
Dear Sir, --- With regards.
Dear Sir. --- With regards.
Dear Sir --- With regards
The greeting in a letter is followed by a comma, as is signing off on letters
10.
Choose the option with the correct punctuation.
He ran to the car and sat inside.
He ran to the car, and, sat inside.
He ran to the car and, sat inside.
He ran to the car, and sat inside.
A comma is used when two independent clauses are joined by conjunctions such as 'and,' 'or' or 'but' at the end of the first clause
Author:  V T Narendra

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