IndiaIndia UKUKUSUS
Join Us
IndiaIndia UKUKUSUS
Reading Comprehension 01 - Cause and Effect 1
"I felt hot as I had worn my sweater in the hot sun. I took off my sweater and I feel much better now." - Can you see cause and effect in this sentence?

Reading Comprehension 01 - Cause and Effect 1

A new-born baby is confronted with tremendous stimuli from the moment they enter the world. Over a period of time the baby receives signals from his senses and stores them in his brain. The baby tries to understand them and, whenever required, recalls them. Language is an important tool in understanding these signals.

A child’s first learning lessons are through the environment at home, consisting of the mother and the rest of the family, and it is here that the mother tongue plays an important role. The child soon learns to speak the language of its parents and begins to comprehend what is happening around it. By the time the child goes to school and starts learning to read it has developed a sense of receiving stimuli and processing them.

Once the child starts learning the written language it is starting out on a new way of receiving stimuli. Soon, the child begins to make words, build sentences and make sense out of what it reads. During all these events the child was practising the art and science of comprehension. If a child is good at reading comprehension it means that the child’s level of understanding the gist of what is said in a written form of communication is good. While confronted with the reading material the child puts to use all that it has learnt in its English lessons such as words, grammar, sentence construction and vocabulary.

Reading comprehension concentrates on all aspects of reading and a child who has mastered these aspects would be able to comprehend better. How often have we heard the sentence ‘Son, if you want to grow big and strong please drink your milk?’ What is the parent telling the child in this sentence? That there is a cause and effect relationship! Growing big and strong is the effect of drinking milk. We teach cause and effect every time we help a young child recognise a relationship between two things, or when we demonstrate that one event is the result of another. Take this quiz and see how well your reading comprehension is honed to identifying cause and effect relationships.
1.
I felt hot as I had worn my sweater in the hot sun. I took off my sweater and I feel much better now. Why did I feel hot?
Because I wore a sweater in the hot sun.
Because I felt like feeling hot.
Because I love the cold.
Because the sun pierces through the sweater.
In reading comprehension what is available in the text must be understood. Remember that a cause is an action or event that makes something else happen, which is an effect. When you wear a sweater in the hot sun you feel hot. Here, wearing the sweater in the hot sun is causing me to feel hot
2.
Lakshmi got good grades in her class test. Choose a logical effect of this.
Her teachers praised her.
Her mother was very pleased.
Her friends were envious.
All the above.
The effects in all the options are very logical
3.
You see a man snatching a handbag from a lady. What can you do?
Immediately call for the police.
Shout and catch people's attention.
Try to catch the thief.
All the above.
The cause of your actions is the incident you witnessed and these actions are the normal cause and effect relationship you would expect of an incident such as this
4.
Choose the effect in the following sentence: "Shikar Dhawan improved his batting after batting practice."
Improved his batting.
After.
Batting practice.
Batting.
Batting practice is the cause of Shikar Dhawan's improved batting. Thus, the effect is improved batting. The word 'after' introduces the cause but is not the cause itself
5.
If you misbehaved in class, you are likely to get what?
To get rewarded.
To get high grades.
To stand first in class.
To get punished.
Clearly the effect of misbehaviour is punishment. The cause of punishment is misbehaviour. Effects in other options are not the result of misbehaviour
6.
Which option does not constitute a cause and effect relationship?
Bengaluru's traffic is chaotic and results in many accidents.
Bengaluru is the capital of Karnataka and its population is in excess of 8 million.
Bengaluru's traffic police strength is inadequate to manage traffic effectively.
Traffic in Bengaluru is chaotic because there are too many vehicles.
There is no cause and effect here. The other options establish a clear cause and effect relationship. The cause of accidents is chaotic traffic or chaotic traffic's effect is many accidents. Less police strength is the cause of inadequate traffic management. The cause of chaotic traffic is too many vehicles
7.
I felt hot as I had worn my sweater in the hot sun. I took off my sweater and I feel much better now. Why did I take off my sweater?
I hate sweaters.
The sweater is not temperature controlled.
The sweater was too thick.
Wearing a sweater in the hot sun is causing me to feel hot and by removing the sweater I can feel better.
In reading comprehension what is available in the text must be comprehended. Remember that a cause is an action or event that makes something else happen, which is an effect. Here, wearing the sweater in the hot sun is causing me to feel hot. To feel better I take off my sweater. The cause of feeling better is taking my sweater off
8.
If you are out in the rain, you are likely to do what?
To hurt your knee.
To drink water.
To get wet.
To learn swimming.
Clearly the effect of being out in the rain is to get wet. The cause of getting wet is the rain. Effects in the other options are not caused by rain
9.
Choose the cause in the following sentence: "The tree swayed dangerously because of the high wind."
The tree.
Swayed dangerously.
Because.
High wind.
The tree swaying dangerously is the effect of the high wind. Thus, the cause is high wind. The word 'because' introduces the cause but is not the cause itself
10.
My father bought a new car. Choose a logical reason why.
He wanted to take his family on a vacation.
He wanted to impress his friends.
He received a bonus at work.
He loves to drive.
While all the options are possible, the most logical is the fact that he received a bonus. A vacation does not require a new car, and such a purchase would be a very expensive way to merely impress one's friends or indulge one's hobby
Author:  V T Narendra

© Copyright 2016-2019 - Education Quizzes
TJS - Web Design Lincolnshire
View Printout in HTML

Valid HTML5

We use cookies to make your experience of our website better.

To comply with the new e-Privacy directive, we need to ask for your consent - I agree - No thanks - Find out more