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Reading Comprehension 20 - Understanding Text 2
Who is the greatest golfer in history? You can find out by playing this quiz!

Reading Comprehension 20 - Understanding Text 2

This Upper Primary quiz is all about using the knowledge you already have to understand the English that you read. What do you do when you want to cross a road? You would look to your right and left and scan the road for vehicles and when you find a gap in the flow of vehicles you would quickly get across the road on to the other side. You put into use all that you have learnt about crossing roads from your teachers, parents and from your own experiences of crossing roads. The same process works in reading comprehension.

Reading comprehension is the ability to comprehend what is written and relate it to what you have learnt earlier. This involves sentence usage, context and vocabulary. When you read a passage you must realise that the writer can only say a few things and leave a substantial portion unsaid. It is up to the reader to comprehend what is written, using all his experience of the past and his knowledge of the present to decipher what is unsaid.

It is here, in the deciphering of text, that inferences are made and conclusions drawn. The information provided by the writer is utilised to fill up the gaps left unfilled. An inference is usually predicated upon facts presented by the writer and conclusions are what likely events that may occur.

So, reading comprehension comprises reading, processing and using the knowledge you already have to understand the text that is written. Practice helps you to improve your reading comprehension abilities and the passage that follows, together with the questions that are asked, help you to do just that.
Greatest golfer in history.


Is the jury out on whether Jack Nicklaus is the greatest golfer in history, even better than Tiger Woods?

Ever since Tiger Woods burst on the golfing scene and started winning Major golf tournaments, golf enthusiasts began to wonder whether he would be the one to outdo Jack Nicklaus. Long before Tiger Woods won his first Major Jack Nicklaus had won 18 Majors. Tiger Woods has won 14 Majors since his first win in 1997.

Tiger Woods was cruising smoothly in the 11 years between 1997 and 2008 when he won 14 Majors and it was just a matter of time before he would race past the Golden Bear. Unfortunately for him, it was not to be. Since his scandal broke out in late 2009, he has not won a Major and it appears that he is unlikely to catch up with the Golden Bear, especially in the light of his injuries that have plagued him over the last few years. Interestingly, he was competing with another great in another sport, Tennis, where he matched Roger Federer Major for Grand Slam. Even Federer has gone past him and has won 17 Grand Slam titles.

As of now, Jack Nicklaus is the greatest golfer in history, ahead of Tiger Woods, and statistics are in favour of Jack Nicklaus, especially in regard to Major titles. While Tiger Woods won his first 14 Majors in 11 years between 1997 and 2008, Jack Nicklaus took 16 years to win his first 14 Majors between 1962 and 1978. In terms of the number of individual Majors, Jack Nicklaus is on par with Woods in winning 3 British Open titles but is one up on Woods both in PGA and US Open titles and 2 up in Masters Titles. Both have won at least two Majors in the same year 4 times with Woods also winning three in one year. But the defining feature of Jack Nicklaus’ career is his longevity. Just imagine, he won his first Major at the age of 22 in 1962 and his last Major at the age of 46 in 1986. The manner in which he won the 1986 Masters title is the stuff reserved for legends. During his career he was the epitome of perfection, winning on all kinds of courses and beating the best players.

One factor in favour of Tiger Woods is his age. He is only 41 years old and if he gets over his traumatic personal life issues and disciplines himself to maintain his body, there is no reason why he cannot surpass Jack Nicklaus and be crowned the greatest golf player in history. He has already surpassed Jack Nicklaus in terms of PGA tour wins by winning 79 titles to Jack Nicklaus’ 73. His overall PGA tour record is awesome, far superior to that of Jack Nicklaus.

There is no player other than Tiger Woods who can measure up to Jack Nicklaus. While Vijay Singh and Phil Mickelson showed some promise, they fizzled out. But a new exciting star is on the horizon in the form of Rory McIlroy who has notched up his fourth Major title at the young age of 25. So, Jack watch out, if the Tiger does not roar there is always Rory.
1.
To whom does the term 'Golden Bear' refer to?
Jack Nicklaus
Tiger Woods
Roger Federer
Vijay Singh
The passage is fairly clear in identifying the 'Golden Bear' to mean Jack Nicklaus in two separate sentences. Here the usage of the word leads us to conclude that Golden Bear refers to Jack Nicklaus
2.
What do you understand from the term 'Golden Bear'?
That it is a coveted prize that golfers aspire to win.
That bears are not allowed on golf courses.
That Jack Nicklaus was like a bear.
It is the nickname for Jack Nicklaus.
Golden Bear is the nickname for Jack Nicklaus coined by his agent. Here, we use our knowledge of the game to conclude that it is a nickname
3.
'Tiger Woods was CRUISING smoothly in the 11 years between 1997 and 2008 when he won 14 Majors, and it was just a matter of time before he would race past the Golden Bear.'
What is the meaning of the word in capitals?
To take 11 years to win 14 Major titles.
To move at a constant speed that permits maximum efficiency.
To move past a bear.
The period between 1997 and 2008.
The ease with which Tiger Woods was able to notch up 14 Major titles refers to moving towards his target of Jack Nicklaus' 18 Major titles in a very efficient way. 'Cruising' is a smooth voyage across water in a comfortable boat such as a luxurious yacht. This is compared to Woods' progress in winning Major titles
4.
Why is Woods unlikely to catch up with Nicklaus in terms of Major titles won?
Because Roger Federer has overtaken him.
Because Woods is past the age of 41.
Because he is plagued by injuries and a scandal.
Because Woods has stopped playing.
Woods' meteoric rise was halted when a scandal broke out in 2009 and subsequently he was plagued by injuries. A golfing enthusiast knows that a golfer has to be at his best physically and mentally to win Major titles. At the moment, Woods is lacking in both departments
5.
As things stand today who is the greatest golfer in history?
Phil Mickelson
Rory McIlroy
Tiger Woods
Jack Nicklaus
Until somebody overtakes Nicklaus's 18 Major titles, at the moment, Nicklaus is the greatest golfer
6.
Who is likely to surpass Nicklaus' record of Major titles won?
Tiger Woods
Phil Mickelson
Vijay Singh
Rory McIlroy
As things stand today, Tiger Woods has the best chance of surpassing Nicklaus' record even though he has been plagued by injuries and scandal. Age is on his side and he has already won 14 titles. If he can conquer his mental and physical challenges he may very well surpass Nicklaus
7.
'During his career he was the EPITOME of perfection, winning on all kinds of courses and beating the best players.'
What is the meaning of the word in capitals?
An example of indifference.
An apology for something.
The most perfect type or example.
Something atypical.
Golf is a precise game and involves absolute concentration and perfection in executing a stroke. Nicklaus displayed the attributes of perfection which enabled him to win 18 Major titles. He is thus a player exemplifying perfection
8.
Apart from Tiger Woods who is the next best bet to surpass Nicklaus' record of 18 Major titles?
Phil Mickelson
Rory McIlroy
Vijay Singh
Roger Federer
Rory McIlroy is only 25 years of age and has already won 4 Major titles. He has the best chance as he is still very young. Vijay Singh and Phil Mickelson showed promise but have not been able to maintain their momentum and age is against them. Roger Federer is not a golfer but a tennis great!
9.
'His overall PGA tour record is AWESOME, far superior to that of Jack Nicklaus.'
What is the meaning of the word in capitals?
Poor
Ordinary
Boring
Magnificent
Awesome means to be inspiring or displaying awe. Tiger Woods' performance has been awe inspiring and magnificent. The passage talks about the performance of Tiger Woods in comparison to other golfers and his performance has been so exemplary that it is termed awesome
10.
'So, Jack watch out, if the Tiger does not roar there is always Rory.'
What can you infer from the sentence?
That Rory McIlroy may be able to catch up with Nicklaus if Tiger Woods is unable to do so.
A tiger is not as good as a bear.
While Nicklaus is a bear Woods is a tiger.
Rory McIlroy can roar like a tiger.
The sentence uses a 'pun' figure of speech to make a statement. Here, there is a play on the words Tiger, roar and Rory. A tiger is said to roar; roar and Rory have similar sounds. The first names of the players are used in an interesting way to drive home the message that if Tiger Woods does not catch up to Nicklaus, Rory McIlroy may
Author:  V T Narendra

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