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Vocabulary 01 - Antonyms 1
You can't buy unless someone else sells. BUY and SELL are relational antonyms.

Vocabulary 01 - Antonyms 1

What can you discern from the words STOP – START, SIMPLE – DIFFICULT and SELL – BUY? That's right - one word means the opposite of the other! When a word is opposite in meaning to another word then they are antonyms of each other.

STOP is an antonym of START, SIMPLE is an antonym of DIFFICULT and SELL is an antonym of BUY. All of these examples fall under the category of relational antonyms. For such words a relationship is there provided both exist. For instance, for somebody to buy, someone else must sell. Other examples would be husband/wife, servant/master and borrow/lend.

Besides relational antonyms there are other types of antonyms called graded antonyms and complementary antonyms. Examples of graded antonyms include artificial/genuine, hard/soft and proud/humble. Examples of complementary antonyms include night/day, accidental/intentional and attack/defend. Other types of antonyms also exist and they are formed by simply adding a prefix. Words such as lawful/unlawful, legal/illegal and polite/impolite are words that are made antonyms just by adding a prefix of either un-, il- or im-.

Our earlier quizzes have numerous examples of relational, graded and complementary antonyms and also of antonyms formed by adding a prefix. There are thousands of words that have unique meanings but each word may have other words with similar or opposite meanings. A good knowledge of the word and its many antonyms will help you to improve your writing, reading and speaking skills. Take the quiz that follows and see how much you know about antonyms.
1.
"The manager SEGREGATED the performers into performing and non-performing groups." - Which word is not an antonym of the word in capitals?
Isolated
Integrated
Collected
Assembled
'Isolated' is a synonym of 'segregated'. The words in the other options are antonyms of segregated
2.
"Indian armed forces gave a fitting reply to the ADVANCING enemy cavalcade." - Which word is not an antonym of the word in capitals?
Retreating
Progressing
Hesitating
Halting
'Progressing' is a synonym of 'advancing'. The words in the other options are antonyms of 'advancing'
3.
"Most people of Karnataka live in the southern part of the state, where rainfall is RELATIVELY plentiful." - Which word is not an antonym of the word in capitals?
Absolutely
Comparatively
Totally
Fully
'Comparatively' is a synonym of 'relatively'. The words in the other options are antonyms of 'relatively'
4.
"We came to an AMICABLE settlement with the help of the arbitrator." - Which word is not an antonym of the word in capitals?
Harmonious
Impolite
Unfriendly
Rude
'Harmonious' is a synonym of 'amicable'. The words in the other options are antonyms of 'amicable'
5.
"OPTIMISM is the hallmark of every successful person." - Which word is not an antonym of the word in capitals?
Pessimism
Gloom
Depression
Confidence
'Confidence' is a synonym of 'optimism'. The words in the other options are antonyms of 'optimism'
6.
"His act of COWARDICE was roundly criticised." - Which word is not an antonym of the word in capitals?
Guts
Courage
Timidity
Boldness
'Timidity' is a synonym of 'cowardice'. The words in the other options are antonyms of cowardice
7.
"If he has to stay in the organisation he has to CONFORM to the rules in existence." - Which word is not an antonym of the word in capitals?
Comply
Deviate
Oppose
Disagree
'Comply' is a synonym of 'conform'. The words in the other options are antonyms of 'conform'
8.
"His FRIVOLOUS excuse for his failure was totally rejected by the management." - Which word is not an antonym of the word in capitals?
Thoughtful
Insightful
Sensible
Senseless
'Senseless' is a synonym of 'frivolous'. The words in the other options are antonyms of 'frivolous'
9.
"While the arts in Mumbai exude SOPHISTICATION the same is not true in Hyderabad." - Which word is not an antonym of the word in capitals?
Crudity
Naivete
Refinement
Simplicity
'Refinement' is a synonym of 'sophistication'. The words in the other options are antonyms of 'sophistication'
10.
"The teacher has a SUPERFICIAL knowledge of Indian history." - Which word is not an antonym of the word in capitals?
Deep
Complete
Profound
Cursory
'Cursory' is a synonym of 'superficial'. The words in the other options are antonyms of 'superficial'
Author:  V T Narendra

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