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Vocabulary 02 - Antonyms 2
A mountain is a high point. Can you think of an antonym for MOUNTAIN, which would be a low point?

Vocabulary 02 - Antonyms 2

‘While my friend Sagarika is a FOOLISH girl, my other friend Ayesha is a SMART girl.’ - What do you gather from this sentence? Clearly you think that Sagarika is almost the exact opposite of Ayesha. The words in capitals are words which have opposite meanings to one another. Another word to describe the relationship between the two words is antonym.

Of course, in this description of the two girls you could say one could be more foolish or less foolish and similarly the other girl could be smarter or less smart. Such words, where there is a relationship that can be graded, are called graded antonyms. Examples of graded antonyms include empty/full, calm/tense and abundant/scanty. There are other types of antonyms that grace the English language. They are the relational antonyms and the complementary antonyms.

Antonyms such as north/south, seller/buyer and slave/master are excellent examples of relational antonyms. Antonyms such as noisy/silent, wet/dry and artificial/natural are good examples of complementary antonyms. Besides these three kinds of antonyms there are other antonyms which are formed by adding prefixes to a word. Antonyms such as likely/unlikely, visible/invisible and obey/disobey are antonyms that are easily formed by adding one of the prefixes un-, in- or –dis.

Most words in the English language have several alternative words that can be used depending on the information to be conveyed. Antonyms give us the opportunity to choose our words carefully and to put forth our point of view forcefully.

In the earlier quizzes we have done exercises on the various types of antonyms. In this quiz we introduce you to many new antonyms which will help you to expand your vocabulary.
1.
Choose the antonym of CERTITUDE from the four options.
Certainty
Doubt
Conviction
Assurance
The other options are synonyms of 'certitude' as they all have similar meanings
2.
Choose the antonym of RUGGED from the four options.
Rough
Delicate
Rocky
Coarse
The other options are synonyms of 'rugged' as they all have similar meanings
3.
Choose the antonym of MAGNANIMOUS from the four options.
Charitable
Selfless
Benevolence
Petty
The other options are synonyms of 'magnanimous' as they all have similar meanings
4.
Choose the antonym of SEPARATION from the four options.
Union
Segregation
Divorce
Partition
The other options are synonyms of 'separation' as they all have similar meanings
5.
Choose the antonym of COMPLICATE from the four options.
Confound
Complex
Convolute
Simplify
The other options are synonyms of 'complicate' as they all have similar meanings
6.
Choose the antonym of CULPABLE from the four options.
Guilty
Responsible
Blameless
Liable
The other options are synonyms of 'culpable' as they all have similar meanings
7.
Choose the antonym of DESTITUTE from the four options.
Affluent
Bankrupt
Poor
Impoverished
The other options are synonyms of destitute as they all have similar meanings
8.
Choose the antonym of MOUNTAIN from the four options.
Valley
Plateau
Peak
Hilltop
A valley is the lowest point between two high points. The other three options are all high points, as is a mountain
9.
Choose the antonym of MULTIPLYING from the four options.
Adding
Subtracting
Minusing
Dividing
For example, 5 multiplied by 4 = 20 and 20 divided by 4 = 5; but that's maths rather than English!
10.
Choose the antonym of PROFESSIONAL from the four options.
Competent
Experienced
Amateur
Qualified
The other options are synonyms of 'professional' as they all have similar meanings
Author:  V T Narendra

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