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Vocabulary 11 - Medical Compound Words
We each have our own unique FINGERPRINTS. 'Fingerprint' is a compound word formed from 'finger' and 'print'.

Vocabulary 11 - Medical Compound Words

The human body is described using dozens of words and everything from head to toe is given a name. To describe the various parts of the head we have words such as hair, scalp, eye, EYELASH, skull, nose, FOREHEAD, teeth, ear and lip.

To describe parts of the midsection we have more words, such as heart, chest, thorax, BREASTBONE, rib, stomach, HEARTBEAT, kidney, liver and diaphragm.

To describe arms and limbs we have even more words, such as elbow, bicep, FOREARM, wrist, leg, ankle, toe, TOENAIL, knee, shin and finger.

From looking at what is written above we notice that some words are written in capitals. Could you guess the significance of these words? Your answer would be correct if you guessed that the words are compound words.

EYELASH is a compound word formed from EYE and LASH. FOREHEAD is a compound word formed from FORE and HEAD. Similarly, the other compound words are formed from two smaller words.

Compound words have a very simple structure. The two words are placed side by side to form the new word. Once the word has been formed the order of the word cannot be interchanged. For instance, BREASTBONE will always be BREASTBONE and never BONEBREAST.

Compound words can be formed by words belonging to any category of words and the new word may or may not have meanings related to the words used. Though different parts of the body have unique names which are root words (or base words) we require new words to describe some parts or processes of the body and such words are usually compound words formed from two other words.

The quiz that follows tests you on your understanding of compound words that are medical terms and words used to describe the anatomy.
1.
Choose the compound word from the following list.
Armdent
Armhollow
Pitarm
Armpit
The 'armpit' is the hollow under the arm where it joins the shoulder (which should always be kept clean as it has a tendency to smell unpleasant!). The compound word 'armpit' is a noun formed from two nouns. The other three options are not recognised words
2.
Choose the compound word from the following list.
Doseover
Overdose
Extradose
Moredose
An 'overdose' is a dose of medicine more than recommended. It can be very dangerous and should be avoided at all costs. The compound word 'overdose' is a noun formed from an adjective and a noun. The other three options are not recognised words
3.
Choose the compound word from the following list.
Earpain
Acheear
Earache
Earhurt
An 'earache' is a pain in the ear. The compound word 'earache' is a noun formed from a noun and a verb. The other three options are not recognised words
4.
Choose the compound word from the following list.
Boneback
Backbone
Rearbone
Behindbone
'Backbone' is the common name for the spinal column and it has also come to mean 'courage'. The compound word 'backbone' is a noun formed from two more nouns. The other three options are not recognised words
5.
Choose the compound word from the following list.
Kneecap
Capknee
Kneehat
Kneelid
'Kneecap' is the common name for the patella. The compound word 'kneecap' is a noun formed from a noun and a verb. The other three options are not recognised words
6.
Choose the compound word from the following list.
Windtube
Windstraw
Pipewind
Windpipe
'Windpipe is the common name for the trachea, the tube in our throat that we breathe through. The compound word 'windpipe' is a noun formed from two other nouns. The other three options are not recognised words
7.
Choose the compound word from the following list.
Heartburn
Burnheart
Hearfire
Heartscorch
'Heartburn' is an irritation of the gullet causing a burning sensation. The compound word 'heartburn' is a noun formed from a noun and a verb. The other three options are not recognised words
8.
Choose the compound word from the following list.
Straightwaist
Waistqueue
Linewaist
Waistline
The 'waistline' is the circumference of the body at the narrowest part of the waist. We use it to measure ourselves for the right size of trousers. The compound word 'waistline' is a noun formed from two other nouns. The other three options are not recognised words
9.
Choose the compound word from the following list.
Fingerprint
Printfinger
Fingerphoto
Fingerimpression
A 'Fingerprint' is the pattern of curves on the tips of each finger and the thumb which are unique to each one of us. When you touch something your fingerprints leave an impression and the police can use these marks to help them to catch criminals. The compound word fingerprint is a noun formed from two other nouns. The other three options are not recognised words
10.
Choose the compound word from the following list.
Eyevision
Sighteye
Eyesight
Eyesee
'Eyesight' is the power, ability or capacity to see. The compound word 'eyesight' is a noun formed from two more nouns. The other three options are not recognised words
Author:  V T Narendra

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