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Vocabulary 18  - Prefixes 2
The word 'triangle' is formed from the prefix 'tri' meaning 'three'.

Vocabulary 18 - Prefixes 2

Take a look at the following list of words:

ANTIBODY
BIOSPHERE
ENDOTHERM
METAPHYSICS
NEONATAL
OMNIPOTENT
TRIANGLE
XENOPHOBIC

Do you notice anything? Maybe you guessed it. These are all words that have been formed by adding a prefix. The prefixes used in the list are anti, bio, endo, meta, neo, omni, tri and xeno. These prefixes have been added to regular words to get new words with new meanings.

If you check up the meanings of the words you will realise that the prefixes themselves lend a meaning to the new word. For instance, the prefix bio refers to life or living matter and biosphere is the part of the Earth occupied by living things. Similarly, the prefix neo means new or recent and neonatal pertains to a new born child. Generally, the prefixes maintain their meanings when they are attached to different root words and modify the meaning of the root word.

Prefixes are generally not words by themselves but lend a lot of meaning when they are added to other root words. While there are no definite rules to follow for the use of prefixes it is useful to know what the prefixes stand for.

Prefixes help to create new words and a knowledge of them will increase your vocabulary. Using prefixes will give you access to new words and the opportunity to make your language more versatile and inventive. In our earlier quizzes you have been exposed to a variety of prefixes and learnt their usage and because of them learnt many new words. In the quiz that follows you will learn more prefixes and therefore many more new words.
1.
"Prime Minister Modi requires --- effort to lift the economy from the depths it has fallen into." - Choose the appropriate prefixed word to fill up the blank.
Overhuman
Ultrahuman
Extrahuman
Superhuman
The word is 'superhuman' and it has the prefix 'super' meaning 'beyond normal'. 'Superhuman' means 'being possessed of power beyond normal'. The other three options are not recognised words
2.
"Bengaluru is a --- of modern India." - Choose the appropriate prefixed word to fill up the blank.
Microcity
Microcosm
Microtown
Micrometropolis
The word is 'microcosm' and it has the prefix 'micro' meaning 'minute' or 'tiny'. 'Microcosm' means 'a small place which has the same characteristics as something larger'. The other three options are not recognised words
3.
"The outermost layer of the skin is called the ---." - Choose the appropriate prefixed word to fill up the blank
Outerskin
Episkin
Epidermis
Superskin
The word is 'epidermis' and it has the prefix 'epi' meaning 'on', 'over' or 'upon'. The 'epidermis' is the thin protective outer layer of the skin. The other three options are not recognised words
4.
"Aamir Khan's movie 'Taare Zameen Par' was on the subject of ---, a condition where a child cannot read words." - Choose the appropriate prefixed word to fill up the blank.
Dysword
Dysjoint
Dyslexia
Dyspeak
The word is 'dyslexia' and it has the prefix 'dys' meaning 'bad' or 'abnormal'. 'Dyslexia' is a condition where a person lacks the ability to easily recognise written words. The other three options are not recognised words
5.
"Nagpur city is --- from both Bengaluru and New-Delhi." - Choose the appropriate prefixed word to fill up the blank.
Equidistant
Equaldistant
Samedistant
Equifar
The word is 'equidistant' and it has the prefix 'equi' meaning 'equally' or 'equal'. 'Equidistant' means 'an equal distance from two points'. The other three options are not recognised words
6.
"He suffers from ---. He always thinks he is ill." - Choose the appropriate prefixed word to fill up the blank.
Hypochondria
Lowchondria
Hypoillness
Hypoailment
The word is 'hypochondria' and it has the prefix 'hypo' meaning 'less than normal'. 'Hypochondria' is unnecessary anxiety about one's health. The other three options are not recognised words
7.
"Jaiprakash Associates is an --- company concentrating on expressways." - Choose the appropriate prefixed word to fill up the blank.
Illstructure
Unstructure
Malstructure
Infrastructure
The word is 'infrastructure' and it has the prefix 'infra' meaning 'below' or 'beneath'. 'Infrastructure' means 'the basic structure of any framework, particularly of a country, such as roads, railways, electricity networks etc'. The other three options are not recognised words
8.
"The labeling on the bottle of medicine was clear about the --- for my allergic condition." - Choose the appropriate prefixed word to fill up the blank.
Macroindication
Superindication
Contrareaction
Contraindication
The word is 'contraindication' and it has the prefix 'contra' meaning 'against' or 'opposite'. 'Contraindication' indicates that it is inadvisable to have a medical procedure or to take a medicine as it may cause an adverse reaction. The other three options are not recognised words
9.
"Ms Sonia Gandhi was considered an --- authority in the Manmohan Singh Government." - Choose the appropriate prefixed word to fill up the blank.
Overconstitutional
Extraconstitutional
Ultraconstitutional
Superconstitutional
The word is 'extraconstitutional' and it has the prefix 'extra' meaning outside or beyond. 'Extraconstitutional' means 'beyond the constitutional provisions'. The other three options are not recognised words
10.
"The --- Anamika ruined the discussions that were going on smoothly." - Choose the appropriate prefixed word to fill up the blank.
Malcontent
Badcontent
Illcontent
Vicecontent
The word is 'malcontent' and it has the prefix 'mal' meaning 'bad' or 'wrong'. 'Malcontent' means 'dissatisfied' or 'discontented'. The other three options are not recognised words
Author:  V T Narendra

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