Vocabulary 19 - Suffixes 1
Friends. Many new words can be formed from the word 'friend' by adding different suffixes.

Vocabulary 19 - Suffixes 1

We have learnt in our English classes about root words or base words. We have also learnt about different parts of speech. We have learnt to convert some of the words from one part of speech into another and use them effectively to communicate better. Also,we have heard of prefixes and suffixes.

You may already have done the two quizzes on prefixes. If so you will know that prefixes are groups of letters that are added before a base word to make a new word. In the same vein suffixes are groups of words that are added after a base word to form new words.

Generally, the meaning of the new word is linked to the root word, although in some cases it may not be. The suffixes that we add each have a meaning and, if we know what it is, we can guess the meaning of the new word.

Many suffixes can be added to the same word and the new words formed expand our vocabulary tremendously. A case in point is the word Friend. By adding various suffixes to the word friend we can form the following words:

Friendliest
Friendship
Friendless
Friendlier
Friendlily
Friending
Friended
Friendly

The suffix est means most and you can see what friendliest connotes - most friendly. Similarly, the suffix ship means state or condition and it is easy to see what friendship means - the state between friends. Likewise, other suffixes have their own meanings and by and large those meanings are sacrosanct when used with different words.

Suffixes can be either single letter suffixes or multi-letter suffixes. With a bit of practice and constant usage we can master the use of suffixes and the meaning of words formed by them. The quiz that follows gives you an exposure to the many suffixes that are in use.
1.
Choose the words that form new words with the suffix 'ware'.
Freshen, bard
Roughen, cord
Toughen, lard
Kitchen, hard
'Kitchenware' and 'hardware' are the new words formed. The suffix 'ware' means 'materials'
2.
Choose the words that form new words with the suffix 'ance'.
Maintain, sustain
Bargain, disdain
Terrain, certain
Contain, detain
'Maintenance' and 'sustenance' are the new words formed. The suffix 'ance' means 'state or quality of'
3.
Choose the words that form new words with the suffix 'ive'.
Illiterate, senseless
Accurate, boneless
Create, compress
Cultivate, kindness
'Creative' and 'compressive' are the new words. The suffix 'ive' means 'leaning towards' or 'of a certain quality' or 'having the nature of', so 'creative' is having the quality to create and 'compressive' is having a tendency to compress
4.
Choose the words that form new words with the suffix 'ful'.
Fancy, harm
Intimacy, perform
Literacy, affirm
Aristocracy, infirm
'Fanciful' and 'harmful' are the new words formed. The suffix 'ful' means 'notable for' or 'full of', so 'fanciful' is full of fancy or unrealistic whilst 'harmful' is notable for harm or dangerous
5.
Choose the words that form new words with the suffix 'or'.
Suspect, ticket
Wicket, thicket
Architect, conflict
Protect, detect
'Protector' and 'detector' are the new words formed. The suffix 'or' means 'one or something who', so a 'protector' is one who protects and a 'detector' is something that detects
6.
Choose the words that form new words with the suffix 'ion'.
Delicate, template
Climate, immediate
Celebrate, navigate
Chocolate, checkmate
'Celebration' and 'navigation' are the new words formed. The suffix 'ion' means 'process or action', so 'celebration' is the process of celebrating and 'navigation' is the action of navigating
7.
Choose the words that form new words with the suffix 'ward'.
Home, down
Dome, grown
Roam, flown
Foam, gown
'Homeward' and 'downward' are the new words formed. The suffix 'ward' signifies direction so 'homeward' means 'travelling towards home' and 'downward' means 'going down'
8.
Choose the words that form new words with the suffix 'able'.
Smelt, shaft
Night, inept
Accident, aircraft
Present, detect
'Presentable' and 'detectable' are the new words formed. The suffix 'able' means 'able to be'
9.
Choose the words that form new words with the suffix 'ical'.
Signatory, crusader
Factory, ladder
History, cylinder
Migratory, fielder
'Historical' and 'cylindrical' are the new words. The suffix 'ical' means 'relating to'
10.
Choose the words that form new words with the suffix 'ssion'.
Affidavit, slide
Permit, concede
Spirit, blockade
Suit, fluoride
'Permission' and 'concession' are the new words formed. The suffix 'ssion' means 'state of being'
Author:  V T Narendra

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