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Vocabulary 21 - Synonyms 1
A BEAUTIFUL, LOVELY and GORGEOUS landscape. 'Beautiful', 'lovely' and 'gorgeous' have very similar meanings. They are synonyms of each other.

Vocabulary 21 - Synonyms 1

When Rohit Sharma scored 264 runs in the one-day international match between India and Sri Lanka recently, the newspapers reported the next day. If you had looked at the adjectives the reporters used in describing his performance you would have seen words such as incredible, exceptional, marvellous, superb, astonishing, astounding, awesome, breathtaking, fantastic, outrageous, phenomenal, remarkable, spectacular, terrific and unbelievable.

All these words have similar meanings. We could use any of the words and the reader or listener would get the import of what we are trying to say. Words like these that have similar meanings are called synonyms.

Synonyms have very subtle variations in meaning and one has the freedom to choose the word that best describes exactly what one wants to say or write.

Now, the example that was given was for describing something positive and good. What if we were to say bad things? Say, if India lost to England badly what would the newspapers say? Probably that India’s performance was deplorable, feeble, heartbreaking, miserable, pitiful, poignant, sorry and woeful. Here again the words used convey the same meaning and these words too are synonyms.

English has a huge bank of words to choose from and it is possible to use a choice of words with similar meanings to describe exactly what you wish to convey.

Synonyms add to the beauty of the language and each writer or speaker has the liberty to choose his words without sacrificing the quality of information conveyed, but in fact increasing it. The quiz that follows exposes you to some interesting words and their many synonyms.
1.
Choose the word that is not a synonym of the word CAPRICIOUS.
Unpredictable
Temperamental
Whimsical
Predictable
'Predictable' is an antonym of 'capricious' . The words in the other options are synonyms of 'capricious' . 'Capricious' means 'to be impulsive or fickle'. For instance, 'My manager's decisions are as capricious as luck'
2.
Choose the word that is not a synonym of the word EGREGIOUS.
Tolerable
Shocking
Intolerable
Glaring
'Tolerable' is an antonym of 'egregious'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'egregious'. 'Egregious' means 'glaring in a negative way'. For instance, 'The J & K minister accused the Indian Army of being egregious in its dealings with the people of the valley'
3.
Choose the word that is not a synonym of the word PULSATING.
Palpitating
Throbbing
Fluctuating
Listless
'Listless' is an antonym of 'pulsating'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'pulsating' . 'Pulsating' means 'contracting and expanding with a rhythmic beat'. For instance, 'We witnessed India winning the 2011 Cricket World Cup in a pulsating final against Sri Lanka'
4.
Choose the word that is not a synonym of the word AGGRANDISEMENT.
Commendation
Flattery
Glorification
Criticism
'Criticism' is an antonym of 'aggrandisement'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'aggrandisement'. 'Aggrandisement' means 'creating something larger than what is actual'. For instance, 'The BJP Members of Parliament were accused of joining politics for personal aggrandisement'
5.
Choose the word that is not a synonym of the word LOATHSOME.
Delightful
Abhorrent
Deplorable
Obnoxious
'Delightful' is an antonym of 'loathsome'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'loathsome'. 'Loathsome' means 'disgusting or revolting'. For instance, 'Eczema is a loathsome skin disease'
6.
Choose the word that is not a synonym of the word NAUSEATING.
Disgusting
Revolting
Pleasing
Sickening
'Pleasing' is an antonym of 'nauseating'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'nauseating'. 'Nauseating' means 'to make one sick with nausea' or 'distasteful'. For instance, 'The TV channel's graphic display of the gruesome accident was a nauseating experience'
7.
Choose the word that is not a synonym of the word ACRIMONIOUS.
Rancorous
Bitter
Caustic
Pleasant
'Pleasant' is an antonym of 'acrimonious'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'acrimonious'. 'Acrimonious' means 'stinging or testy'. For instance 'Some political analysts had predicted the acrimonious split between the BJP and the Shiv Sena'
8.
Choose the word that is not a synonym of the word TRAUMATIC.
Alarming
Harrowing
Dreadful
Comforting
'Comforting' is an antonym of 'traumatic'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'traumatic'. 'Traumatic' means 'to be affected by trauma or painfully affected psychologically'. For instance, 'Accidents are traumatic events that negatively affect the psychology of the person involved in them'
9.
Choose the word that is not a synonym of the word ARGUMENTATIVE.
Fighting
Agreeable
Combative
Quarrelsome
'Agreeable' is an antonym of 'argumentative'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'argumentative'. 'Argumentative' means 'prone to argue'. For instance, 'When confronted with political issues Indians are an argumentative lot'
10.
Choose the word that is not a synonym of the word HORRENDOUS.
Atrocious
Disastrous
Appalling
Wonderful
'Wonderful' is an antonym of 'horrendous'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'horrendous'. 'Horrendous' means 'horrific'. For instance, 'The cyclone, Hud Hud, that hit Odisha state caused horrendous destruction to life and property'
Author:  V T Narendra

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