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Vocabulary 22 - Synonyms 2
An ARCHANGEL is a mythical protective being. 'Spirit', 'guardian' and 'friend' are synonyms of 'archangel'.

Vocabulary 22 - Synonyms 2

‘The minister has urged the Central Government to provide a COMPREHENSIVE plan to combat the ebola crisis.’

This was a recent headline in a newspaper. On the same subject another newspaper had this headline:

‘The Central Government was urged by the minister to provide a BROAD plan to combat the ebola crisis.’

Yet another newspaper had this headline:

‘The Central Government was urged by the minister to provide an EXHAUSTIVE plan to combat the ebola crisis.’

Now, is there any difference in the communication sent out by the three newspapers? Apparently, the ebola crisis is troubling the citizens and the minister wants to combat the crisis through help from the Central Government. He has asked the Central Government to provide a plan for combating the crisis. Now in all the three headlines the noun ‘plan’ has been qualified with an adjective, COMPREHENSIVE, BROAD and EXHAUSTIVE.

In each of these headlines it is quite clear to the reader that the plan must be all-inclusive, cover a wide range of issues or be thorough in examining all issues. The three words in capitals that convey similar meanings are known as SYNONYMS.

Synonyms are words that carry similar meanings to one another but with very subtle variations. These variations help us to use the most appropriate word in a given situation. Synonyms are a boon to the writer and speaker as he can delve into his bank of synonyms and come up with a word that helps him to convey his message very clearly. The quiz that follows exposes you to some of the more intriguing words of the English language and their synonyms.
1.
Choose the option that is not a synonym of the word PREVARICATION.
Lie
Falsehood
Dishonesty
Truth
'Truth' is an antonym of 'prevarication'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'prevarication'. 'Prevarication' means 'the act of lying'. For instance, 'Mr N Srinivasan's prevarication was the cause of his downfall'
2.
Choose the option that is not a synonym of the word AVUNCULAR.
Unkind
Helping
Advising
Counseling
'Unkind' is an antonym of 'avuncular'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'avuncular'. 'Avuncular' means 'friendly, like an uncle'. For instance, 'I don't worry when my daughter is with him because of his avuncular and pure nature'
3.
Choose the option that is not a synonym of the word VACILLATION.
Hesitation
Resolution
Doubt
Uncertainty
'Resolution' is an antonym of 'vacillation'. The words in other options are synonyms of 'vacillation'. 'Vacillation' means 'indecision'. For instance, 'M S Dhoni's vacillation cost India the test match'
4.
Choose the option that is not a synonym of the word NEFARIOUS.
Vicious
Shameful
Respectable
Dreadful
'Respectable' is an antonym of 'nefarious'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'nefarious'. 'Nefarious' means 'very wicked'. For instance, 'His friend's nefarious activities were noticed by the police and he was caught red handed'
5.
Choose the option that is not a synonym of the word FELICITOUS.
Suitable
Unsuitable
Apt
Opportune
'Unsuitable' is an antonym of 'felicitous'. The words in other options are synonyms of 'felicitous'. 'Felicitous' means 'well suited'. For instance, 'Mr Sanjay Baru's felicitous anecdotes on former PM Manmohan Singh were very revealing of the former PM's character'
6.
Choose the option that is not a synonym of the word HEGEMONY.
Impotence
Authority
Leadership
Predominance
'Impotence' is an antonym of 'hegemony'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'hegemony'. 'Hegemony' means 'domination of one over the other'. For instance, 'The US' war on Iraq is an example of the US' hegemony over another country'
7.
Choose the option that is not a synonym of the word ARCHANGEL.
Spirit
Guardian
Demon
Friend
'Demon' is an antonym of 'archangel'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'archangel'. 'Archangel' means 'principal angel'. For instance, 'The Supreme Court of India turned out to be the archangel of cricket fans when it ordered the President of the BCCI to step down'
8.
Choose the option that is not a synonym of the word BLASPHEMOUS.
Sacrilegious
Irreligious
Ungodly
Godly
'Godly' is an antonym of 'blasphemous'. The words in other options are synonyms of 'blasphemous'. 'Blasphemous' means 'irreverent or critical of god'. For instance, 'He was arrested for his blasphemous comments on Christianity'
9.
Choose the option that is not a synonym of the word PUSILLANIMOUS.
Courageous
Fearful
Chickenhearted
Gutless
'Courageous' is an antonym of 'pusillanimous'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'pusillanimous'. 'Pusillanimous' means 'timid or cowardly'. For instance, 'You can't accuse Prime Minister Modi of being a pusillanimous politician'
10.
Choose the option that is not a synonym of the word SURREPTITIOUS.
Covert
Sneaky
Stealthy
Open
'Open' is an antonym of 'surreptitious'. The words in the other options are synonyms of 'surreptitious'. 'Surreptitious' means 'clandestine'. For instance, 'My surreptitious glance at the beautiful girl was noticed by her sister'
Author:  V T Narendra

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