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Vocabulary 23 - Synonyms 3
These dresses are COLOURFUL, VIVID, FLAMBOYANT, VIBRANT and RICH, The words in capitals are all synonyms of each other.

Vocabulary 23 - Synonyms 3

Imagine a situation where a girl is on the stage singing a song. The people in the audience enjoy the show and when asked about their reactions to the girl’s performance we get varied responses:

‘She was wearing a BEAUTIFUL dress’,
‘She was singing a BEAUTIFUL song’,
‘She is a CHARMING girl’,
‘She has an APPEALING personality’
'The jewellery she was wearing was ALLURING.’


You will have noticed from the responses that the word beautiful is used for both the girl and the song. Other words such as alluring, appealing and charming are used in other contexts. However, the common thread that seems to run through all of the descriptions is that the girl is eliciting positive responses from the audience and the members of the audience are using different adjectives to describe their experiences.

The words beautiful, alluring, appealing and charming are all similar to each other in meaning and can be used to describe positive things about the girl. Such words are called synonyms and synonyms grace the English vocabulary, allowing us to choose the most appropriate word from the huge bank available in order to describe something. The same person may use different words for different situations. Thus, synonyms are phenomenal words that can be employed effectively to put forth one’s point of view succinctly and efficiently.

Almost any word has other words that are equivalent or near equivalent in meaning and, if you know them, your can employ any variation suitable to the task in hand. Take the quiz that follows and learn about some more words and their synonyms.
1.
Choose the synonym of rudimentary.
Convoluted
Intricate
Complex
Elementary
'Rudimentary' is an adjective that means 'fundamental'. The words in other options are antonyms of 'rudimentary'. That means that they have the opposite meaning
2.
Choose the synonym of impecunious.
Rich
Wealthy
Affluent
Destitute
'Impecunious' is an adjective that means 'having no money'. The words in other options are antonyms of 'impecunious'. That means that they have the opposite meaning
3.
Choose the synonym of claustrophobic.
Confined
Airy
Roomy
Spacious
'Claustrophobic' is an adjective derived from the word 'claustrophobia' which means 'a fear of confined spaces'. The words in other options are antonyms of 'claustrophobic'. That means that they have the opposite meaning
4.
Choose the synonym of recondite.
Simple
Straightforward
Profound
Ordinary
'Recondite' is an adjective that means 'out of the ordinary' or 'difficult'. The words in other options are antonyms of 'recondite'. That means that they have the opposite meaning
5.
Choose the synonym of loquacious.
Silent
Restrained
Quiet
Voluble
'Loquacious' is an adjective that means 'to talk a lot'. The words in other options are antonyms of 'loquacious'. That means that they have the opposite meaning
6.
Choose the synonym of lambaste.
Punish
Laud
Praise
Flatter
'Lambaste' is a verb that means 'to reprimand harshly or severely'. The words in other options are antonyms of 'lambaste'. That means that they have the opposite meaning
7.
Choose the synonym of lugubrious.
Gloomy
Cheerful
Joyful
Bright
'Lugubrious' is an adjective that means 'dismal or mournful'. The words in other options are antonyms of 'lugubrious'. That means that they have the opposite meaning
8.
Choose the synonym of fallacious.
Frank
Correct
Truthful
Deceptive
'Fallacious' is an adjective that means 'misleading'. The words in other options are antonyms of 'fallacious'. That means that they have the opposite meaning
9.
Choose the synonym of stentorian.
Loud
Sonorous
Resounding
All three are synonyms
'Stentorian' is an adjective that means 'very loud in sound' as in, 'His stentorian voice does not require amplification'
10.
Choose the synonym of specious.
Accurate
Spurious
Genuine
Truthful
'Specious' is an adjective that means 'looking good but without merit or backing'. The words in other options are antonyms of 'specious'. That means that they have the opposite meaning
Author:  V T Narendra

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