Vocabulary 27 - Words Related to Earthquakes
People in India remember two great calamities that overwhelmed the country in the early 21st Century. In 2004, a great tragedy struck the southeastern coast of India when waves as high as 100 feet crashed into the coast at high speeds and caused immense damage to life and property. Earlier, in the year 2001, a devastating earthquake hit India in the western state of Gujarat in Kutch District and caused havoc among the people in that area, killing over 20,000 people and causing huge damage to property. Both of these tragedies were caused by earthquakes.
Earthquakes are natural occurrences that happen due to the very nature of the structure of the earth. Earthquakes have been studied scientists and they have begun to understand why earthquakes happen and been able to use their knowledge to help humanity to better cope when earthquakes occur.
Earthquakes are phenomena that happen due to the movement of the Earth’s crust beneath its surface. When upheavals happen below the ground the area on the surface above takes a hit which disrupts the normal order. Obviously people and property in the area are seriously affected. The study of earthquakes has created new developments in construction technology which have helped to minimise the damage to property and life caused by earthquakes. Earthquakes have brought the people of the world together and studies on earthquakes are a continuing feature. These studies have contributed immensely to our understanding of nature and also to the English language.
You might have read or heard words such as faults, seismic activity, shallow earthquake, magnitude and severity, all of which are derived from or related to earthquakes. The quiz that follows lets you explore some more words that are closely linked to earthquakes.