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Writing 05 - Write a Poem
Poetry is a dramatic and beautiful form of the English language.

Writing 05 - Write a Poem

The English language has thrown up such remarkable personalities as William Shakespeare, William Wordsworth, Alfred Tennyson, Emily Dickenson and John Milton. The writings of these persons are such that they capture the imagination of the reader for the sheer felicity with which they use words. They are all poets.

Writing comes in many forms including prose, poetry, fiction and non-fiction, but poetry has a special place amongst them. Poetry is a particular form of literature that uses words in several different ways to dramatically put forth a point of view. Poets make use of all elements of the language and often forego some aspects of grammar without ever taking away the meaning of what they want to convey. Poetry is different from prose in the sense that a poem has more rhythm, is very orderly and makes use of rhyming words very effectively to convey a message more forcefully.

Just as prose has elements that need to conform to conventions, poems also have their own elements which are quite sacrosanct. You would have heard words such as lines and stanzas, which are similar to sentences and paragraphs in prose. Poems are classified in many ways and include sonnets, couplets, limericks, ballads, epics, elegies and free verse.

Poets make use of a variety of elements of the English language in their poems. Metaphors, similes, idioms and onomatopoeic words are used often in poems and the greatest of poets, such as William Shakespeare and William Wordsworth, used them very effectively in their works. Most of the oldest poems, that include the epics, were in oral form and were not written down until centuries later.

The main advantage of poems is that the message to be conveyed is beautifully put across in a rhythmic and rhyming way so as to firmly entrench itself in the reader’s or listener’s mind. All of us remember our nursery rhymes quite vividly precisely because of their rhyme and rhythm. The quiz that follows exposes you to some basic rudiments of poems.
1.
What is personification?
Using only proper nouns in poetry.
Using only common nouns in poetry.
Expressing ideas and objects through human feelings and human actions in poetry.
The autobiography of the poet written in the form of a poem.
Expressing ideas and objects through human feelings and human actions is known as personification, for example:

"The sky weeps"
or
"The wind howled".
Personification is a literary tool often employed by poets in their poetry
2.
Choose the true sentence.
Rhyme is limited only to prose.
Rhyme has no reason to be in poems.
Rhyme is not an important element of a poem.
Rhyme is the repetition of similar sounds in two or more words in a poem.
The repetition of similar sounds in two or more words in a poem is referred to as rhyme. Rhyme is a defining part of poetry and rhyming words usually appear at the end of lines. For instance, in the poem:

"James is no Tom Dick and Harry
Because Anamika he is going to Marry.
We say what a fortunate boy James
They say Anamika is the luckiest of all dames"


The words 'Harry' and 'Marry' rhyme in the first and second lines and 'James' and 'dames' rhyme in the third and fourth lines
3.
The poem:

"We first set eyes on Anamika in the hospital Philomena
There was no doubt in our minds that she would be a phenomena
For us as a family she was a bundle of joy
We wonder if Anupama, then thought of her as a toy"


is an example of what?
Idiom.
Simile.
Metaphor.
Onomatopoeia.
A metaphor equates the subject to something else as in "she was a bundle of joy" in the poem.
An idiom is a phrase where the literal meaning is different from the figurative meaning.
A simile is a simple way to compare two things and includes words such as "like," "as," or "than."
An onomatopoeic word is a word that resembles the source of the sound that it describes.
Metaphors,similes, idioms and onomatopoeic words are used often by poets to make their poetry more dramatic
4.
In Shakespeare's Sonnet 130, the poet describes the unattractiveness of his mistress as:

"hair made of black wire",
"her breath reeks",
"her breasts are grayish brown"
and
"her voice is grating".

This form of description is an example of what?
Metaphor.
Hyperbole.
Simile.
Idiom.
Hyperbole is used effectively in poems to heavily contrast with unrealistic claims so as to jolt the reader.
Both metaphors and similes are comparisons which are realistic.
An idiom is a phrase where the literal meaning is different from the figurative meaning.
Hyperboles, metaphors, similes and idioms are often used by poets to make their poetry more dramatic
5.
Poetry is which of the following options?
Writing with lines and stanzas.
Writing with only adjectives.
Writing only with nouns.
Writing only with adjectives and nouns.
Poetry can contain any number of features, including adjectives and nouns, which are broken down into lines and stanzas
6.
What is a stanza?
Two lines grouped in a particular pattern in a poem.
Three lines grouped in a particular pattern in a poem.
Four lines grouped in a particular pattern in a poem.
A set number of lines grouped in a particular pattern in a poem.
A set number of lines grouped in a particular pattern in a poem is known as a stanza. A two line stanza is known as a couplet whilst a tercet, a quatrain and a quintain are stanzas with three, four and five lines respectively. Stanzas may be equated with paragraphs in prose
7.
Why are poems often used to tell stories, particularly so in ancient times?
Because they were written by great poets.
Because they were ordained by the gods.
Because they were mandated by the government.
Because the structure of a poem with rhymes and rhythm makes it easy to remember.
A narrative poem is a poem that is used to tell a story. In olden days poems would be oral and their rhythmic and rhyming nature would make it easier for people to remember the content of the story or the poem. Great epics include Iliad by Homer, Ramayana by Valmiki and Mahabharata by Vyasa
8.
"The kitchen tap drip-drips, drip-drips," is an example of what?
Onomatopoeia.
Alliteration.
Personification.
Rhyme.
An onomatopoeic word is a word that resembles the source of the sound that it describes, like 'drip-drip'.
When two or more similar sounding words appear at the start of a line in a poem it is known as alliteration.
Expressing ideas and objects through human feelings and human actions is known as personification.
The repetition of similar sounds in two or more words in a poem is referred to as rhyme.
The words in all the options are often employed by poets while writing their poems
9.
What is alliteration?
Antonyms that appear at the start of a line in a poem.
Two or more similar sounding words that appear at the start of a line in a poem.
Synonyms that appear at the start of a line in a poem.
Antonyms and synonyms that appear at the start of a line in a poem.
When two or more similar sounding words appear at the start of a line in a poem it is known as alliteration, for example:

"She sells sea-shells down by the sea-shore"
or
"Betty Botter bought some butter"
10.
The poem:

“Twinkle, twinkle little star,
How I wonder what you are
Up above the world so high,
Like a diamond in the sky.”


is an example of what?
Simile.
Metaphor.
Idiom.
Onomatopoeia.
A simile is a simple way to compare two things and includes words such as "like," "as," or "than."
A metaphor equates the subject to something else, as in "Words are the weapons with which we wound."
An idiom is a phrase where the literal meaning is different from the figurative meaning.
An onomatopoeic word is a word that resembles the source of the sound that it describes.
Similes, metaphors, idioms and onomatopoeic words are used often by poets to make their poetry more dramatic
Author:  V T Narendra

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