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PSHE Quiz Illustration | Types of employment
Almost all workers are entitled to holiday pay.

Types of Employment – Age 14-16

As students progress through school they draw ever-nearer to the employment market. There are many different types of job, from employee to contractor, and these each come with their own benefits and disadvantages. In this PSHE quiz, written specifically for KS4 children in years 10 and 11, we look at the pros and cons of various employment contracts.

When it comes to work there are a few choices to make. Do you want to be self-employed and work for yourself, or an employee? Do you want to work part-time or full? Do you want casual work with few strings attached, or a more reliable permanent job?

There are advantages and disadvantages to all types of work. This quiz will help you to differentiate between them.

1.
How many hours a week will someone on a zero-hours contract have to work?
Zero
It depends
Twenty
Forty
A zero-hours contract does not guarantee you a set number of hours of work. Instead you work only when needed. This means your pay will be unpredictable so it is hard to make financial commitments
2.
Which of these benefits would an apprentice worker receive?
Sick pay
Holiday pay
Maternity / paternity pay
All of them
As long as they work for 33 hours or more a week, apprentices are entitled to all the benefits of other employees
3.
Which type of workers are hired out to employers by a recruitment business?
Agency workers
Temporary workers
Part-time workers
Casual workers
Agencies allow companies to save time on recruiting staff. These are often in short-term roles and so may be temporary or casual jobs, but not always
4.
What do we call the jobs which use apps or websites to connect people with work as and when it is required?
Big economy
Jig economy
Gig economy
Fig economy
Gig economy jobs (like Uber or Deliveroo) link workers with customers. Workers usually have to pay a portion of their income to the business in exchange for this service
5.
Which of the following will receive the most days paid holiday per year?
A full-time employee
A part-time employee
A full-time contractor
They all get the same
Almost all workers are legally entitled to 5.6 weeks’ paid holiday a year. Full-timers get more days (28) than part-time because they work more hours in a week. Contractors, like all self-employed, receive no holiday pay
6.
How many hours a week must you work to be considered a full-time employee?
30 hours per week
40 hours per week
50 hours per week
There is no set amount of hours
There is no specific number of hours that makes someone full-time. Jobs vary and some may require more than 40 hours per week. Generally jobs are classed as full-time if they are 35 hours or more a week
7.
Which type of employment means that you are responsible for paying your own tax and National Insurance contributions?
Apprenticeship
Zero-hours contract
Self-employment
Part-time employment
If you are self-employed then you are responsible for your tax and national insurance. If you are an employee, your employer will sort these out for you
8.
Which of these is NOT a type of self-employment?
Freelance
Agency worker
Independent contractor
Business owner
Business owners work entirely for themselves, while freelancers and contractors hire themselves out to do specific jobs, but count as self-employed.
Self-employment does not have the same benefits as employed work, so it can be risky. It can pay well though
9.
Which of these “benefits” might a part-time employee get less of than a full-time one?
Yearly bonus
Training
Holiday entitlement
Hourly rate of pay
Part-time workers have the same rights as full-time ones. However, bonuses are usually awarded based on the number of hours worked so part-time workers will get smaller ones than full-time.
Though part-time workers may get fewer DAYS holiday, they have the same entitlement as full-timers: 5.6 weeks per year
10.
What is the difference between a “worker” and an “employee”?
There is no difference
Everyone in a job is a worker
Workers have fewer rights
Workers have more rights
Workers are similar to employees and receive some statutory rights, like minimum wage and paid holidays. They do not automatically receive redundancy pay, notice periods, sick pay, or maternity / paternity pay
Author:  Graeme Haw

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