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PSHE quiz illustration | Balanced diet
Pasta is a good source of carbohydrate.

Food Groups - Age 5-7

One part of the Health section of PSHE is diet. In this quiz, written for children in KS1 (years 1 and 2) we look at the five food groups and how they can be good or bad for our health.

If you want to be fit and healthy, as well as exercise, you need to make sure you eat a balanced diet. A balanced diet is one which contains the right amount of each of the food groups. If you do not know what they are, then here's a list:

  • Fruit and vegetables
  • Carbohydrates
  • Fats and oils
  • Dairy produce
  • Protein

Have a go at this quiz. It will help you learn these groups and the benefits they give us.

1.
Which of these is a fruit or vegetable?
Pasta
Cheese
Apple
Chocolate
Apples are fruit that grow on trees. You can have red ones or green ones and they make a great healthy snack between meals if you are feeling hungry. An example of a vegetable is broccoli
2.
Why should we eat carbohydrates?
Our teacher tells us to
They taste nice
They make us clever
They give us energy
Carbohydrates give us energy and they should make up a third of the food we eat. You can make these even healthier by choosing wholegrain options
3.
How often should we eat fish?
Never
At least twice a week
Only on a Friday
Every day for breakfast
We should aim to eat fish at least twice a week. It is even healthier if the fish we choose is oily fish such as salmon
4.
Which food is a carbohydrate?
Strawberry
Ice cream
Cucumber
Bread
Bread is a carbohydrate that helps our bodies produce energy. Other carbohydrates are starchy foods such as pasta, rice and potatoes
5.
Why is protein important for our body?
It gives us energy
It makes us healthy
It repairs our muscles
It makes our bones strong
Proteins help the body to grow and repair muscles helping to make us stronger. Protein can come from different sources including meat, fish and pulses
6.
If you wanted a snack from the dairy group which one would you NOT pick?
Yoghurt
Chicken
Cheese
Milk
Chicken is a meat and comes from the food group protein. Milk, cheese and yoghurt are all good sources of dairy to help keep your bones strong
7.
Which of these is a healthy, well-balanced meal?
Chicken, peas and mashed potato
Chocolate spread on toast
Hotdogs
Fish and chips from the chip shop
Chicken, peas and mashed potato is a healthy, well-balanced meal as it contains protein in the chicken, carbohydrate in the potato and the peas are vegetables
8.
Why is dairy good for us?
It makes us run fast
It helps us to see in the dark
It makes our hair grow
It helps make our bones strong
Dairy is a good source of calcium that helps keep our bones strong. Dairy can be found in some foods and some drinks
9.
Why do we need to eat fruits and vegetables?
To keep us healthy
To stop our feet from smelling
To make us tall
To make our teeth white
Fruits and vegetables are full of vitamins that help keep us healthy. We should eat at least 5 portions a day and they should make up a third of the foods we eat
10.
Is it okay to eat foods that are high in sugar, like sweets?
Yes - if you eat an apple afterwards
Yes - but only occasionally
Yes - every day because they taste nice
No, never - they are very bad for you
It is okay to eat foods that are high in sugar as a treat occasionally. Sugar can make food taste nice but it is not needed in the diet and can be bad for your teeth
Author:  Finola Waller

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