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Animal Farm - Illustrating and Supporting Points
Four legs good, two legs bad!

Animal Farm - Illustrating and Supporting Points

This GCSE English Literature quiz challenges you on illustrating and supporting points in Animal Farm by George Orwell. If you want to argue a point about a text, you will need to offer evidence contained in the text in support. By referring specifically and accurately to evidence from a text, you can make your point much more persuasive. Being able to quote accurately from a text is a useful skill to have, but it is not the easiest to learn. This quiz gives you the chance to test these vital literary skills. How well can you can identify the answers which have supported a point by referring to evidence from the text accurately and grammatically? When writing your own essays or exam answers, remember to follow up your quotation with an explanation, too!

How to use evidence to support a point:

You should know the three primary methods of using evidence when writing about a text: paraphrase, quoting single words or short phrases, or quoting longer sections of text. Inexplicably neglected at times, paraphrasing is one of the easiest methods to refer to evidence and is, in addition, an essential skill in writing. By paraphrasing, you clearly demonstrate your knowledge of a text, even though no direct quotes are used. This is an especially useful method of using evidence when you do not have the text to hand, such as during an exam.

Selecting single words or phrases to quote is also effective. This method is particularly useful when you wish to draw attention to language choice. Mixing paraphrase and a short quotation in the same sentence will enable you to be flexible in your writing and use of evidence. This style is preferable to writing long sentences full of multiple quotations. Sentences full of multiple quotations can be awkward and are quite difficult to read.

The final method is to quote a full sentence or more. Use this method if quoting a short phrase would not make sense on its own, or if you plan to discuss the longer quotation in detail.

Remember: only use quotation marks around a single word if that word is significant in itself. Ordinary words do not require quotation marks unless there is something especially significant about their use. Whenever you use an exact phrase or sentence from the text, remember to put quotation marks around it.

See how you do with this quiz on the best way to use evidence from Animal Farm. Remember, this quiz aims to test your ability to quote and to paraphrase; it does not aim to test your knowledge of the text. One helpful tip is that it might be easier to eliminate the incorrect answers first!

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Read the text from Animal Farm and then choose the answer which best uses evidence in support of a point. The right answer will also be grammatically correct.
1.
"Snowball now gave the signal for the charge. He himself dashed straight for Jones. Jones saw him coming, raised his gun and fired"
Orwell's use of short sentences give the impression of swift action during the battle
The battle scene is full of active verbs such as dashed, saw, raised and fired
This scene presents "Jones" and "Snowball" in close combat
All of the above
It is unnecessary to place quotation marks around a character's name
2.
"Nobody stole, nobody grumbled over his rations, the quarrelling and biting and jealousy which had been normal features of life in the old days had almost disappeared"
In the utopia of Animal Farm, very few animals quarrelled, grumbled, stole, or engaged in biting and jealousy
In their new life, the animals no longer "quarrel", "bite", "steal", "grumble" or feel "jealous"; these behaviours are associated only with the "old days"
In their new life, the animals no longer "quarrel", "bite", "steal", "grumble" or feel "jealous"
The animals' new life contrasts strongly with the "old days"
Use quotation marks accurately. "Quarrel" and "quarrelling" are not exactly the same; neither is "grumble" and "grumbled". It is good to practise rearranging sentences to say what you want to say in several different ways
3.
"It was about this time that the pigs suddenly moved into the farmhouse and took up their residence there. Again the anmals seemed to remember that a resolution against this had been passed in the early days, and again Squealer was able to convince them that this was not the case"
"Suddenly moved into the farmhouse and took up their residence there" shows that the pigs do not consult with the other animals
The use of the word suddenly shows that the pigs no longer consult with the other animals about changes
The repeated use of the word "again" hints that the pigs have developed a pattern of avoiding collective agreement
The repeated use of the word again hints that the pigs have developed a pattern of avoiding collective agreement
Avoid using a quoted phrase as the subject of a sentence (as in the first answer)
4.
"I merely repeat, remember always your duty of enmity towards Man and all his ways. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend"
Old Major's speech aims to unify the animals by dividing all creatures into enemies, "Man", and friends: "whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings"
Old Major divides creatures into "Man", who is an "enemy", and "friend", who is whatever goes upon two legs
Old Major divides creatures into Man, who is an "enemy" and "friend", who is whatever goes upon two legs
Old Major's speech aims to unify the animals by dividing all creatures into "enemies", Man, and "friends": whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings
Be careful to quote accurately
5.
"Napoleon had commanded that once a week there should be held something called a Spontaneous Demonstration, the object of which was to celebrate the struggles and triumphs of Animal Farm."
The fact that Napoleon orders "Spontaneous" demonstrations makes his leadership of the farm begin to appear dangerously absurd
Napoleon "commands" "Spontaneous Demonstrations" as a method of brainwashing the animals on the farm
It is an absurdity for Napoleon to "command" a weekly Spontaneous Demonstration
It is an absurdity for Napoleon to command a weekly Spontaneous Demonstration to celebrate the triumphs and struggles on the farm
Sometimes quoting a single word makes the point most effectively
6.
"If they worked hard, at least they worked for themselves. No creature among them went upon two legs"
The pigs were learning to "go upon two legs" even though the other animals do not yet know about it
The animals' faith rests on their mantra of four legs good, two legs bad
The animals' trust in their leaders finally rests on the fact that, unlike humans, none "went upon two legs"
The animals' trust in their leaders is misplaced because they do not know that the pigs are practising "going upon two legs"
It can be tricky to make the point you wish to make, quote accurately and keep your sentence grammatical!
7.
"Now, as it turned out, the Rebellion was achieved much earlier and more easily than anyone had expected"
The animals had not "expected" the "Rebellion" to be "achieved" "easily"
The animals were surprised by the swiftness of their revolution, which came about "much earlier and more easily than anyone had expected"
The "capital R" in "Rebellion" hints that the "revolution" is already becoming mythologised
The animals were not prepared for how "easily" and "early" their "Rebellion" would be "achieved"
Avoid quoting multiple single words in the same sentence. Occasionally it can work if you are making a point about the specific language choices and if the single words are placed in a list
8.
"You would often hear one hen remark to another, 'Under the guidance of Comrade Napoleon, I have laid five eggs in six days'; or two cows, enjoying a drink at the pool, would exclaim, 'Thanks to the leadership of Comrade Napoleon, how excellent this water tastes!"
The "hens" and the "cows" give Napoleon credit for "excellent water" and for the number of eggs laid in a week
The hens and the cows give Napoleon credit for "laying five eggs in six days" and for the pleasant taste of the water
Napoleon is given a cult-like status by the animals who credit him with the good taste of the water and with improved egg production
"Napoleon" is given a cult-like status by the animals who credit him with the good taste of the "water" and with improved "egg" production
Paraphrasing is a good method of using evidence from the text. Also, don't forget to make a point rather than just summarising the plot
9.
"Certainly the animals did not want Jones back; if the holding of debates on Sunday mornings was liable to bring him back, then the debates must stop"
The animals' fear of Jones's return is so great that they will accept any change, even agreeing that the "debates must stop"
The animals' fear of "Jones's return" is so great that they will accept any change, even agreeing that the "debates must stop"
The animals' fear of Jones's return is so great that they will accept any change, even agreeing that the debates must stop
The animals' fear of Jones's return is so great that they will accept any change, even agreeing that the "debates" must stop
Remember to use quotation marks around the exact phrase as it appears in the text
10.
"On some suitable pretext Whymper was led through the store-shed and allowed to catch a glimpse of the bins. He was deceived, and continued to report to the outside world that there was no food shortage on Animal Farm"
The use of the word "allowed" is ironic, since Napoleon plans to mislead Whymper into believing that the food bins are full
The use of the word allowed is ironic, since Napoleon plans to mislead Whymper into believing that the food bins are full
The use of the word "allowed" is ironic, since "Napoleon" "plans" to mislead Whymper into believing that the food bins are full
The use of the word "allowed" is ironic, since Napoleon plans to "mislead" Whymper into believing that the food bins are "full"
Here the point depends on the ironic use of the single word, "allowed"
Author:  Sheri Smith

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