This GCSE quiz takes a look at illustrating and supporting points in Dennis Kelly's DNA. English literature essays require you to support your argument with convincing evidence. Supplying evidence in this instance means making specific references to the text, such as drawing your reader’s attention to plot points, summarising sections, or by direct quotation. Using the text to support your argument is what makes your writing persuasive. These techniques also demonstrate how well you understand the text. These essential skills are far from easy, however! You will certainly improve with practice. In addition to choosing the most effective evidence, you also need to pay attention to accuracy, grammar, and punctuation.
Taking this challenging quiz will help you practise these important literary skills. See whether you can identify the answers which have managed to use evidence correctly. In your own writing, don’t forget to follow up your quotation with explanation and analysis, too!
These are the three key methods of using evidence from a text: paraphrasing, quoting single words or short phrases, and quoting longer sections of text. Mastery of these methods will take some practice. Paraphrasing is one of the easiest ways to use evidence from a text, since it involves rephrasing short sections in your own words. This is an essential skill for all kinds of writing, and, rather handily, also demonstrates your knowledge of the text. When you are taking a closed-book exam, this skill becomes invaluable!
The second method is to quote individual words or short phrases from the text. If you have a great memory, this is a perfect way to impress your reader in an exam. It’s not so impressive, however, if the quotation has little to do with your argument or with the essay topic. Always show how the quotation is relevant to your point. Quoting individual words and phrases is an especially effective method to use when you wish to discuss the details of language choice. Be sure to practise incorporating quotations grammatically. As you improve, you might consider combining methods. Your writing will become more flexible when you are able to mix paraphrase with short quotations in the same sentence. Developing this skill will help you to avoid writing awkward sentences cluttered with multiple quotations.
The third method is to quote a full sentence or more. Sometime it is very difficult to include a quotation in the sentence grammatically. In these cases, it can be best to quote the full sentence and then discuss it in greater detail.
If you want to write well, here is one place to start: think carefully about the quotations you use. Sometimes students try to prove they’ve read the text by quoting bland words and phrases which do nothing to contribute to the point they are making. This practice really only demonstrates that a word has been copied from one place to another. While all exact phrases or sentences from the text should be enclosed in quotation marks, single ordinary words such as “hat”, “car”, or “friend” rarely need to be quoted (the exception being when they are used in the text in an unusual way).
Try this quiz on the best way to use evidence from DNA. The aim of this quiz is to test your ability to quote and to paraphrase; your knowledge of the text is not being tested here. One helpful tip is that it might be easier to eliminate the incorrect answers first!