Dramatic techniques or devices are used by playwrights. It's important to remember, when reading a play, that drama is written to be performed, rather than to be read. It can be difficult to fully appreciate a piece of drama if you are reading it silently from a book. A dramatist has an advantage in being able to use most of the literary devices that are available to novelists, as well as using dramatic devices or techniques suitable to the stage.
See how much you know about dramatic techniques by trying this quiz on the subject.