The study of farms and farming cuts across several areas of study within the geography GCSE. You need to be aware of how modern farming practices affect ecosystems in the natural environment as well as the social and economic aspects of farming in LEDCs and MEDCs. Since farming is a rural industry, it has a significant effect on both accessible and remote rural areas in the UK and you should be aware of how farming affects rural populations.
Farming is also known as agriculture and is a primary industry in which farmers produce crops and rear animals to provide food and various other related products. It is not immune to the factors that affect other industries e.g. recessions, lack of skilled workforce etc. The demand for agricultural produce is constant and is met by a range of farms from large commercial businesses to small family run units.
You need to be able to describe farms and farming in LEDCs and MEDCs using four key words, choosing them from a list and making sure that they are used together in an appropriate fashion. The list is:
Make sure that you know exactly what each word means, you can check your knowledge and understanding of some of these words in this quiz.
The type of farming carried out in an area is determined by several physical and human factors. The dominant ones are climate and relief which determine which crops grow best and what animals are suited to the area. In the UK, you do not find arable farming in the west of Scotland - the climate and soils are wrong. In Cambridgeshire, where the land is low lying with little relief, well drained fertile soil and warm summers, farming is arable as pastoral and mixed would be a less efficient use of the land.